Content of the article:
Useful qualities of zucchini:
- Contain the microelements and vitamins necessary for the body;
- helps cleanse the body of toxins and toxins;
- is a suitable product for baby and diet food;
- they have a long shelf life, during which they retain their useful qualities.
These properties make the vegetable must-have in every garden.
Today there are many varieties of zucchini and their hybrids with different ripening terms, which allows them to be grown throughout Russia, including in the Urals and in Siberia. Fresh zucchini straight from the garden can be eaten from mid-summer to late autumn, picking the right type of vegetables in accordance with the climatic conditions.
Although the zucchini itself is a very early-growing vegetable and, with the right agricultural techniques, you can get a good harvest outside the Urals, using not only zucchini seeds for Siberia, but also many other domestic varieties. Our varieties of zucchini are more suitable for the climate of the Urals and Siberia, since they are more adapted to these conditions, the choice of foreign varieties is more successful for the south of Russia, because they have a longer growing season.
The best varieties of zucchini for the Urals
The climatic conditions for growing zucchini in the Urals are quite favorable. Here you can grow them seedling method or sowing seeds in open ground.
For the Urals, the following varieties are recommended:
- White Swan;
- Gribovskiy 37;
- Belogor F1;
- Tsukesh and many others.
All varieties except zucchini Gribovskie 37, belong to the early ripening varieties. At the same time zucchini Roller is especially resistant to cold snaps and harvest can be done within 36 days after germination. His bush is very compact and can easily be covered if necessary.
The Gribovskiy 37 cultivar is one of the most common and old varieties of zucchini, it belongs to the middle early, the first harvest of fruits can be expected after 50 days from germination. It gained popularity due to disease resistance and the versatility of fruit use.
Aeronaut, Tsukesha and Zebra are zucchini varieties. Their fruits have a smooth dark green surface and an oblong cylindrical shape. The average weight of such zucchini to 1.2 kg.
White Swan, Aeronaut and Belogor F1 belong to self-pollinating varieties, and Anchor squash are distinguished by high cold resistance and drought resistance.
Almost all domestic varieties of zucchini are suitable for the Urals. But if you think about which zucchini is the most fruitful in the Urals, then, of course, it is Apollo F1 and White.
Apollo F1 zucchini varieties are early ripening, ripen in about 40 days, with a friendly fruiting, the variety is cold-resistant and shade tolerant. Fruits have a light green color with white specks. The mass of fruits in technical maturity is about 1 kg, but it can reach 3 kg. The flesh of these zucchini is white, dense with good taste.
Zucchini variety Bely belongs to the ultra-early, its fruits are ready for use in 1 month. It is a cold-resistant variety, does not suffer from powdery mildew and is not exposed to gray rot. The fruits of the classical form, relatively small and with excellent taste.
To get a rich harvest, you need to know when to plant squash in the Urals. These plants are afraid of frost, so it should be done when the danger of a cold snap disappears. In the Urals, it falls on the beginning of June. To get the harvest in the middle of summer, you need to plant squash seedlings. It is best tolerated planting seedlings grown in separate cups. For a later harvest, zucchini can be sown with seeds in late May or early June. Shoots at first should be covered at night.
If in doubt, what method of sowing to choose, and how to grow zucchini in the Urals, then choose a seedling. It is more reliable regarding the timeliness of the appearance of the fruit. If there is no opportunity to grow seedlings, then as soon as the soil warms up, sow the seeds, but on a high bed and under a film.
The best varieties of zucchini for Siberia
In cold rainy summer, some varieties of zucchini are damaged by fungal diseases and often even die, especially in the northern regions of Russia. But you can still grow zucchini in Siberia, as there are varieties adapted to such conditions. They give good yields and under the conditions of a short rainy summer.
To varieties suitable for cultivation in Siberia, besides the Gribovskie 37, Anchor and Roller described above, you should add such as:
- White Fetus;
- Polar Bear.
Zucchini varieties Dlinnoplodny belong to the bush, have a compact form. Its fruit is smooth, slightly ribbed at the base, with a cylindrical shape and thin bark. The weight of zucchini is up to 0.9 kg., And the flesh is tender, dense and with excellent taste. Because of the thin bark can not last long. The variety is resistant to bacteriosis.
Pharaoh refer to zucchini. Zucchini of this variety is cold-resistant, high-yielding and early ripening. Fruits with a dark green color with light dots, weighing about 0.8 kg. In biological maturity have a black and green color. The flesh is juicy, tender, crisp, yellow. The plant is resistant to gray rot.
Zucchini White-fruited are early varieties, the first harvest can be obtained on the 40th day after germination. Suitable for canning and processing. The shrubs of this zucchini have short side shoots, which allows them to be grown in small gardens. Fruits have a cylindrical shape, whitish color and a smooth surface, with creamy pulp, medium density. Weight up to 1 kg. The variety is disease resistant.
At the bush variety of zucchini Polar Bear the vegetation period is only 36 days, resistance to lowering temperatures is added to ultra-ripeness, which makes it a particularly suitable variety of zucchini for Siberia. The weight of smooth oval fruit is about 1.3 kg. The bark is thin, the flesh is tender and light in color. Zucchini has good keeping quality and carries transportation.
After selecting the right variety, the next important point is the right decision about when to plant squash in open ground in Siberia.
For the early harvest of vegetables, seedlings of April sowing( the second half of the month) are planted in open ground at the end of May or in early June. It is desirable to do this in cloudy weather, or to pritenit a bed after transplanting.
Cultivation occurs in such a case under cover or in a “tunnel” until around mid-June, that is, until the danger of frost disappears. Good results are given by “warm” beds.
Seed zucchini in Siberia with seeds should be in the same time, protecting shoots from possible frosts - at night and on cold days, cover them with film or cut plastic bottles.