bridging up. Shrubs are divided into two categories: flowering in spring and summer. In the spring, spirea blooms with thin, curved branches and cascading large clusters of white flowers. In the summer the bush has pink, white or red flowers on vertical shoots. Both varieties are prized for their shapes and vibrant colors. Duration of flowering about 6 weeks. The original bush, with many branches, which are densely covered with white flowers is called "May snow", "bride".
Is it hard to grow?
This plant is hardy and feels great in almost any climate zone. Bushes for planting in large quantities offer shops for gardeners. It is necessary to acquire for the site a spirea in the spring or in the fall. Depending on the variety, the plant has different heights. Therefore, in advance, ask what size the adult bush will reach, so as not to be mistaken with the choice of the landing site. Spirea is great for landscape design, creating a border on a plot, as a hedging tool and planting a perennial garden.
Preparing for planting
According to the advice and observations of gardeners, spiraea develops well in sunny areas, with loose, fertile soil. Ornamental shrubs should be planted with the design of the site. Note that the distance between plants when planting in the form of a hedge can withstand at least 50 cm. With a single arrangement, this distance can be increased. The root system must be prepared before disembarking. If it is open, then damage is well seen on the shoots, which must be removed with a sharp garden shears.
The cut angle should be smooth, clear, and not crumpled and wetted.
Be sure to adjust the crown of the bush . Shortened branches should be shortened by a third. With very dry roots, shoots are cut a little more. When you purchase a spirea with an earthy clod on the root system, you will need to water it abundantly so that it softens and only after that it can be lowered into the pit for planting.
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For each plant they dig a separate hole or dig a trench. The width is chosen based on the volume of the root system, usually 50 × 50 cm. It is necessary to dig a hole in advance so that the pit dries out and ventilates. The depth of the pit makes 50 cm. They lower the plant into it so that the radical neck is at the level of the soil surface. Prepare the mixture for falling asleep in the pit:
Comply with 1: 2: 1 aspect ratio. It is necessary to straighten the roots in the pit and then fall asleep soil mixture. Loosely trample the ground around the bush and mulch with peat. It is preferable to carry out garden work in the fall, in September and early October. Transplanting spirea in the fall will allow the plant to harden before the start of frost.
The rules of gardening for spyreus bushes
Planting and maintenance is of particular importance for those who want to get a great flowering bush. This is achieved by properly selected and prepared soil. On the scanty land it will not be possible to form a lush and spreading spirea bush.
Clayed soils when planting spireas require mandatory laying of drainage from bricks, rubble and sand of at least 15 cm.
Spirey is unpretentious, it withstands severe frosts and dry weather. The plant is not subject to attacks of garden pests and diseases. Loosening is not included in the mandatory list and is purely aesthetic in nature.
A spirea seedling planted in autumn should preferably be covered with a special material so that it can more easily endure the winter low temperatures.
Spirea, planted in spring, has not developed enough of its root system, therefore it needs regular soil moistening. During the dry summer months, abundant watering is needed for flowering varieties of spirea. Wet soil around the shrubs will provide favorable conditions and allow spireas to get stronger. Spiraea, which is covered with flowers in spring, does not greatly depend on regular soil moistening. The exception is those seedlings that have been planted recently.
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Extra convenience will be given by soil mulching. It will retain the moisture of the earth under the bush longer. Roots lie close to the surface; in the summer months, 15 liters of water is enough for each bush twice a week.
Fertile soil is already a good basis for growth and development, therefore fertilizing is not as important as on poor and lean soils. Spirea feeding is carried out in early spring. After pruning make mineral fertilizers( complex).In the middle of summer, mullein and 10 g of superphosphate are used for each plant.
For a beautiful crown and lush flowering, you need to periodically clean the bush from the dead, sick and broken branches at any time of the year. Spiraeus can be severely pruned and this will only benefit her. Pruning spirea in the fall is most preferred. The plant is preparing for the winter season and the extra branches will weaken the bush in spring. When you trim the spirea after winter, pay attention to the tips of the shoots. It is necessary to remove those that are frozen. This procedure will provide a beautiful bloom.
The shrub that blooms in summer is pruned with the onset of spring. Those that bloom in the spring, subject to this procedure immediately after flowering. On plants older than 10 years, it is necessary to remove all signs of aging so that it forms a new crown. Usually the life of a shrub is 20 years.
Some gardeners consider spirea pruning to be overkill. In this case, you risk to get untidy thickets with a large number of dry branches and weak flowering.
Propagation of spirea with cuttings
A very convenient and unpretentious plant of spirea, reproduction is done in several ways: grafting, rejection of shoots and seeds, and the latter option is not suitable for hybrid plants, as they do not appear seeds or do not have signs of mother bush.
Spring - the best time for planting seeds. They are buried in high peat and well moistened. Germination will take 10 days. Further, subjected to a pickup, when transplanted spirey in open ground, need cloudy weather or evening. Provide mulching and regular watering. For the year spirea is able to grow up to 10 cm in height. The first flowering can be expected at 3 years of plant life.
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at home For reproduction spirea cuttings use stiffened shoots or very young - green ones. For spring blooming spirea, grafting is used in June, and summer plants in July. For the development of the root system, the cuttings are well watered and kept in conditions of high humidity. Spring and the first leaves - time for reproduction by tap. The lower branches are bent to the ground, pinned with wire brackets and sprinkled with soil. Regular watering will ensure good rooting, and independent shrubs will be formed in the spring. For the winter it is necessary to sprinkle dry foliage.
Spirea looks great in beautiful compositions and is rightly popular with gardeners and landscape designers. Lush flowering shrubs attract attention and delight the eye.
Green Spireea Cutting - Video