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The unique kampsis plant is used mainly in the southern areas, for creating green, red, green, red, white, gray, red, green, gray, radius, which is used mainly in the southern areas for creating green, red, green, white, red, white, green, gray, green, red, green grass, used mainly in the southern areas, for creating green, red, green, white, gray, gray, red, green, gray, green, red, green, green, gray, green, red, green, gray, green, gray, green, green, gray, greenWe have a pleasant acquaintance on the photo of the campsis presented in the article and on its botanical descriptions.
What is a gramophone wonder?
Campsis is a fast-growing perennial plant of the Bignoniev family. That is, a climbing plant that clings to everything that stands vertically. You can easily compare with wild grapes, only Kampsis is massive. In general, it is a shrub or tree, from which there are long flowering vines. The people have a different name - "Trumpeter."
Most likely, he was so called because of the flowers, because they are somewhat similar to the musical pipes of crimson, red or pink color. Flowers are collected in inflorescences of amazing beauty: elongated in length to ten centimeters, bloom in July, five or six pieces, and bloom until September. The fruit is a box of cylindrical shape. It ripens and produces seeds in September or November.
Young shoots of Kampsis have a thin greenish crust, and adults have a strong red-brown bark. Gradually form thickets. The roots are powerful, spread quite well throughout the territory, and only a fraction goes deep. This is due to the fact that the plant needs more sunlight, but not nutrients in the ground. Therefore, it stretches higher, higher and higher.
Leaf plates are oval, ovoid. Characterized teeth along the edges. The leaves are located on the petioles, each of them carries from seven to eleven leaf plates. The upper side of the leaf is smooth, and the bottom is pubescent near the main veins.
In terms of soil, unpretentious, but the cold campsis can not stand. Therefore, it is planted on the southern sides of the plots. In winter, securely covered with foil, brushwood, and so on. Otherwise, the roots just freeze, and the plant itself dies. In the south of Ukraine Kampsis can be found almost everywhere, because care for him is minimal. The winter period the plant tolerates calmly and the summer residents of the southern regions do not care about protection from frost.
Kampsis species Campsis
is not a single plant, but an entire genus that includes several varieties. A number of decorative varieties and two main types.
The main species are those that, subject to selection, became the basis for the development of new plant varieties.
The main types of kampsis:
- Rooting Judy;
- rooting flamenco.
The second name of the plant is Campesis grandiflora. Does not have aerial roots, any support wraps its shoots. It grows in some parts of Japan and in China. Differs from congeners even less stamina. Leaves with serrate edges, dark green. Chinese Kampsis reaches ten meters in height. Flowers are large( up to 8 cm), that's why they called him that. The flowers of this plant have a bright fiery color. It blooms only in the second or third year after planting.
The fruits have the shape of a pod, about 20 centimeters long. The seed is flat, up to 12 millimeters in length, dispersed by the wind. Chinese Kampsis is able to withstand only short frosts down to -18 degrees. It is considered more colorful, used to decorate low objects. Well formed in the form of a bush. Large-flowered kampsis has been used in culture since 1800.On the basis of this species, a new variety of Thunberg was bred, which is distinguished by short colors.
Campsis Rooting has appeared in North America. It is a large liana on which there are aerial roots.
Air root is a device that allows the plant to attach to any support and to the ground up.
The leaves are large, long, reach twenty centimeters in length and are painted in bright green color. Flowers are large, funnel-shaped, bright orange, with a red limb. The number of flowers in the inflorescences reaches 15 pieces. The buds open in succession, one after the other, therefore Campus Tecom( second name) has been blooming for a long time since mid-summer.
The fruit is a double-pod box, similar to a pod, 5–13 cm long. The seed is triangular, with rounded corners, covered with a winged peel.
Winged Peel allows seeds to be light and spread intensively in the wind.
grows very quickly, especially if the soil is moderately wet and rich in nutrients. Withstands short frosts of -20 degrees, is considered light-requiring and thermophilic. In addition to seeds, it can multiply by layering and cuttings. Special support does not require. It has been used in culture since 1640, it has decorative forms:
- is early;
- is dark purple;
- is great.
Hybrid Kampsis is a variety that was bred( 1833) as a result of crossing two types of campsis: large-flowered and rooting. A small fast-growing plant, barely reaching six meters in height, does not need support. It blooms in late summer, the flowers are yellow-orange or orange-red. He likes friable wet loams. It is photophilous, but if the climate is warm, it can easily grow in moderately shaded areas.
Liana with strong growth. Campsis rooting Flamenco begins to bloom in July, and finishes in September. Blossoms in sheltered, warm and sunny places of moderate humidity. It has aerial roots that help it crawl on the support. Young shoots need tying. In cold winters can freeze. In height reaches eleven meters. Flowers are red, collected in inflorescences.
Campsis Rooting Judy is grown in the United States of America. It differs from the previous variety in that it has bright yellow flowers with an orange neck.
Unpretentious plant growing on almost any soil. But if the soil is too poor in nutrients or moisture, then it will not grow as abundantly as we would like. It has another name - Kampsis Flava. Planting is better to carry out shoots or seedlings, pre-fertilized the soil. Flowers are not self-pollinated, so you need to plant neighboring plants. Needs pruning, watering and fertilizer. Campsis yellow is also resistant to pests and diseases.