Content of the article:
Of the hundreds of species of dragon, only a few are able to live at home. Among the most famous species is the dragon tree of Marginata or the dracaen fringed. A plant native to the island of Madagascar in the world is known as the Dracaena marginata or Madagascar Dragon Tree.
The mention of the tree in the title is well deserved. At home, wild specimens are not limited to 50–150 cm customary for indoor crops, but grow to 3–5 meters in height. But, as in the home, dracaena marginata does not differ in the pomp of the crown. The fast-growing shoots after the fall of the elongated leaves remain bare, they branch out reluctantly and rarely, and only at the top you can see the cap of hard green or variegated foliage.
The species name of a plant indicates its peculiarity - the attractive color of jagged, narrow-linear leaves up to 70 cm long and about 2–4 cm wide.
Today, gardeners of the variety dragony marginata are at their disposal, the leaf plates of which are covered with longitudinal green, white and even different saturation with pink stripes.
Depending on the gamma, such specimens may be called Dracaena Tricolor, Bicolor or Colorata. In the latter variety, the red-pink color of the leaves is dominant, which gives the plant particular originality. But in the Magenta variety, the red color appears as a thin strip along the edge of the white-green leaf.
As seen in the photo, the draginna marginat differs in rather dense, wiry foliage, adapted for dwelling in open sunny places, as well as in conditions of lack of moisture.
Dracaena marginate at home
Forced to survive in nature, not in the most comfortable conditions Dracaena feels great in the pot culture. It is unpretentious, caring for a plant can not be called laborious, and therefore the plant enjoys the deserved attention of fans of indoor plants.
Quite large specimens of the Madagascar dragon palm can be found in residential and office premises, and if the dracaena of the marginate falls into good conditions, then in the house it can grow to a natural three meters and look like a slimtree
In addition to the fact that the plant is not capricious and original, interest in it is supported by the dracaena’s ability to effectively purify the air and bring peace and spiritual well-being to the inhabitants of the house. The flower in the room imperceptibly affects the energy, charges with optimism, raises the tone.
Features of care for the marginate dragonseed at home
Dracaena marginata, in the photo , requires very little attention, so it can be grown and novice florists, and in places where the plant receives only occasional care, for example, in offices and in publicinstitutions:
- Culture is not afraid of elevated temperatures.
- Indoor air dryness is also not critical for a plant from a hot arid climate.
- Species with green leaves - the most unassuming. They easily get used to being in the shade, but variegated varieties are better placed on bright but diffused light. In this case, the unusual coloring of the leaf plates is manifested in full.
Still, care for the marginate dragoncea at home has its own characteristics that have to be taken into account.
Vertical shoots of the plant are quite brittle, therefore they need reliable backwater. This rule is especially important if there is a large copy in the room, the fall of which is dangerous for the residents of the house.
The leaves of the marginate dracaena are susceptible to damage, and a violation of the integrity of one leaf plate leads to growth inhibition of the whole plant. Therefore, it is reasonable to immediately remove such foliage.
Dracaena root system does not tolerate excessive moisture, fraught for the plant development of putrefactive processes and death. Watering the care of the marginate dragonze at home, as in the photo, is moderate. In order not to erode the earthen room, they use a scattering nozzle and use well-settled warm water:
- In the summer, room pets are watered more abundantly and more often, on particularly hot days, the crown can be sprayed.
- In winter, the gap between watering is increased and it is monitored that before the next procedure the soil is allowed to dry out not less than 3 cm deep.
Regular aeration of the soil, which is carried out using surface loosening at least 1 time per month, will help prevent rotting and death of the roots.
This contributes to a better supply of oxygen to the roots and access to nutrients. The intensive growth of dracaena marginate in the summer requires support. Her plant gets in the form of complex fertilizer with a frequency of once every two weeks. In winter, the need for micro and macro elements is less, so you can fertilize the crop once a month or according to its well-being.
In winter, when the heating is running, the air is dry and the growth rate of the flower is low, the tips of the leaves can dry out. To prevent the process and create a green pet due conditions:
- you should not put the dragon flower of marginata, as in the photo, next to the heating devices;
- is useful to arrange a warm shower for a plant or to wipe the foliage daily with a damp towel.
Due to the sensitivity of the leaves, in no case can you cut off or break off already dried tips.
How to prune magrinata dracenum and transplant a plant?
. Having brought a plant to the houses from a flower shop, it is important to examine it and decide on the fate of the flower. A graft of a marginate graft after purchase can be postponed if the plant purchased in winter or autumn has a good condition and enough soil for growth. Unfortunately, this is not always the case. Excessively wet soil or roots sticking out of the pot is a sure sign that urgent measures cannot be done!
But when buying a flower in spring, when all living things start to grow, the dragon season can be safely transferred in two weeks to a new loose substrate, after selecting the appropriate pot.
As the plant grows quickly and is distinguished by its high growth, it is better to give preference to a stable, with a wide base, heavy pot that will ensure the safety of both plants and people.
The long, bare stems of dracaena lose decorativeness after a while, and the plant requires too much space. How to trim the margin dragon flower, and when is it better to do it?
This procedure is one of the necessary measures to care for the marginate drape at home. It is carried out:
- to limit the vertical growth of shoots;
- to activate tillering;
- to make the flower more compact form.
In the dracaena, the top of the stem is cut, and the cut is treated with crushed wood or activated charcoal. For large trunks use paraffin candle or garden var. The top of the shoot covered with a package or film. With further care on the bare stem, additional buds wake up, the formation of new shoots begins. The remaining tip also takes root easily and becomes an independent plant.
Pruning, as well as breeding dracaena, are engaged in the spring. In addition to the apical shoots, to obtain new young flowers, segments of stems about 10–15 cm long are used, as well as on the photo, as well as children, formed at the base of the old specimen of the dragon marginata.
Rooting is carried out in a mixture of sand and peat with the addition of pieces of charcoal and sphagnum. The best results can be obtained in a greenhouse.
The formation of a full-fledged root system takes no more than 30 days. In the future, the young dragon trees are transplanted at intervals of 2–3 years, carefully transferring an earthen ball to the pot a couple of centimeters more than the previous one. For planting, drainage and light, well-aerated soil, such as a ready-mix for palm trees and dracaena with the inclusion of small red brick, sand and coal, are required.