WisteriaBean family. Its homeland is the southern countries. It is on such lands that wisteria feels very good and pleases with abundant flowering. This type of plant is indispensable in the design of landscape design. The uniqueness of the flower lies in its unusual racemes. There are several varieties of the wonderful flower, which have their own characteristics. Photos of wisteria can be viewed below.
A wisteria variety
Wisteria is a deciduous vine that grows up to 20 meters high. A distinctive feature of this type of plant are hanging branches. Leafs are pinnate. The plates grow in length up to 40 cm. The surface of young leaves is abundantly covered with small fibers.
The buds are small, gathered in raceme-like inflorescences. Their length reaches 50 cm. In loose form, the buds have a purple, white, purple color. Most often, the vine is planted near fences, arbors.
Since the flower grows quickly, it is necessary to prepare a place for its planting in advance so as not to injure further.
In nature, there are 9 types of wisteria. Most of them prefer tropical climate. Breeding varieties grow on the territory of Russia, which tolerate sudden changes in temperature.
Wisteria Chinese Blue Sapphire
This is a leafy species of vine that grows in nature to 20 meters tall. The leaves are large, pinnate. In the first year of life, young shoots are downy. Over time, they become smooth. Flowers of light purple hue. The length of the inflorescences reaches 30 centimeters. This type of wisteria quickly grows. Often gardeners give tree a standard shape. In this case, the vine is able to grow only six meters tall. During flowering a pleasant aroma stands out. There is bloom from September to August.
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Wisteria Chinese Alba
The variety is a perennial deciduous vine. The uniqueness of the form lies in the set of falling shoots. With proper care, their length can reach 25 meters. Stems are massive. The diameter of the branches is 30-35 centimeters. Young shoots are soft and well bent, but over time they will woody. The presented variety is distinguished by white clusters, but there are hybrids that become pink and lavender. Compared with other species, Alba has a long flowering period. She pleases with her beauty twice a year. The first bloom is observed in early spring, and the second - at the end of summer. This type of wisteria tolerates frost and cold winds well.
One of the smaller varieties. If you properly care for it and cut it in a timely manner, the vine will grow to 10 meters high. This is a frost-resistant species that can withstand a drop in temperature down to -23 ° CLarge hardwood plates. Each consists of 11-19 parts ovoid shape. Leaves grow up to 40 centimeters long. To distinguish this type of wisteria can be in the form of stems. Her shoots twist only clockwise. Their thickness at the base is 30 cm. The vine blooms, as a rule, from March to May, but with the right choice of place and care, the process can be repeated in summer. Crusiform inflorescences are formed at the ends of the shoots. They acquire a purple-blue hue and grow up to 60 centimeters long. Flowers bloom gradually. After flowering fruits are formed, which are stored on the branches until spring.
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The main varieties of wisteria are floriferous:
- White - snow-white buds;
- Rosea - light pink flowers;
- Violaceo-plena - inflorescences purple, terry;
- Macrobotrys is a large-leaf variety with long leaves.
The land of this species is the land of North America. Distinguished liana dense, large buds. The most popular varieties are Wisteria Macrostachy Blue Moon and Clara Mac. The first belongs to the group of cold-resistant plants. This liana can be grown even in the northern regions. She is able to tolerate sudden changes in temperature. The plant does not lose its appearance even at an air temperature of -40 ° C.
Wisteria Blue Moon is a deciduous, tree-like liana with a height of 8 meters . Deciduous plates of complex shape. They consist of 7 or 9 pointed parts. Inflorescences have a conical shape. Flowers lilac-blue shade. This grade is often used for vertical gardening of gardens, registration of arbors, terraces. Wisteria Clara Mac is a less frost resistant variety. The plant has snow-white brushes 35 cm long.
Wisteria is a flower that can be bred not only in gardens, but also indoors. Liana grows up to three meters in height, so it needs frequent pruning. The tree is perfect for any interior room. It will look good in the hall and the winter garden. In order to wisteria for a long time pleased with its abundant flowering, it is necessary to ensure her proper care. In winter, the pot with the plant should be kept in a well-lit room. The optimum air temperature is considered to be from 15 ° C to 20 ° C.That the liana looked neatly, it is necessary to carry out cutting of young branches every spring. In the summer months, the flower is recommended to make a balcony or terrace.
Begin to give the desired shape of Chinese Wisteria at a young age, when the twigs are still well bent.
Japanese wisteria is no less popular. It is not so decorative, but rather beautiful. Inflorescences white shade lush. The first flowering of this species can be observed on the 10th year of life. The plant has large leaves and inflorescences. The height of the tree rarely reaches 8 meters.
Shrub species - Wisteria frutescens reaches fifteen meters. Twigs wilted. Flowers small, clustered in clusters. Buds bluish-purple hue. With proper care, inflorescences grow up to 15 cm long. The shrub species grows rather slowly, therefore, is less popular. This wisteria can be grown both in open ground and in tubs.
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Wisteria tree is often used to create bonsai. Flexible and fast-growing shoots allow you to create an unusual shape. It is very easy to care for a plant. In order for the tree to bloom profusely, you do not need to have special skills.
Wisteria in landscape design, photo
The tree has not only unusual colors, but also wide foliage. With the help of this plant you can transform any building or garden. Landscape designers consider Wisteria an integral part of any plot. Liana looks great with any plants, especially with daffodils, tulips and hyacinths. Below are photos of wisteria in landscape design: