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Hibiscus( Chinese rose) is a tall, beautiful plant with large, bright blossoms of various colors. A beautiful flower is a favorite among experienced gardeners and just lovers. He is not whimsical in the care and cultivation, and these are the main qualities of fast and smooth growth of the plant.
As the Chinese rose blooms
Chinese rose( indoor) is quite popular among gardeners, not only because of its light content, but also because of its beautiful flowers. They delight their inflorescence for a short time, just two or three days. But on the bush new drop-down buds constantly appear, one after another. Therefore, it seems that hibiscus blooms for a long time. But it is provided that this bush is full and healthy. Photo of a Chinese rose, made during the flowering period, a stunner.
The color scheme of a plant can be red and white, violet and orange, and one bud can combine two palettes. Nowadays, specialty stores offer low-growing varieties of hibiscus( hybrids of Dutch species).
Growing Chinese roses at home - transplanting phase
The main rules for growing Chinese roses at home are transplanting and reproducing them. The young plant is transplanted in the spring in the prepared soil. The flower loves fertilizer.
What is mixed for nutrient land:
- turf soil( 4 kg);
- deciduous soil( 3 kg);
- humus soil( 1 kg);
- sand( 1 kg).
A drainage layer is placed in the tank into which the hibiscus is planted. The flower is fast growing, so plant transplantation may be required several times a year. Young shoots pruned. Even an “adult” Chinese rose is not disturbed by transplants, but simply removes the top layer of soil and replaces it with a nourishing one.
The growing process - reproduction of Chinese rose cuttings
All plants have several methods of reproduction.
How you can dilute hibiscus:
- with seeds;
- by dividing the bush;
Most often, cuttings are used as planting material. They are able to quickly release the roots and grow. The reproduction of Chinese rose cuttings is not a difficult process.
In any summer month you need to cut off the top of a young shoot. It is important that at least two internodes are on the planting material.
The cuttings should be treated with a growth stimulator and rooted in a container with prepared soil. Peat and humus can be added to the soil.
It is better if transplanted cuttings will grow in a warm temperature regime( minimum 22 degrees, maximum 25).Thirty days later, the young shoot will take root completely.
Top dressing for the Chinese rose
The Chinese rose( room) is very responsive to fertilizers. Feed the plant only in the warm season: in spring or summer. In cold weather, hibiscus easily dispenses with additional nutrients. Fertilizers are applied once every two weeks.
There are a lot of complex “feeds” for feeding room plants. They are best purchased in flower shops.
The following elements should be included in the composition of fertilizers:
For the full growth of the Chinese rose, you need to feed its horse system, with a frequency of once a month. All fertilizers should be diluted in warm, settled water. Also, substances containing nitrogen, it is necessary to spray the greens of the plant. It is impossible for the solution to fall on the hibiscus flowers, it can cause stains on them.
Do not “overfeed” or “underfed” with a fertilizer flower, as the plant is capable of dying. It is because of this that the leaves of a Chinese rose turn yellow. Gradually all greens will fall.
What to do when casting yellow leaves of a Chinese rose
If yellow specks began to be seen on the leaves of hibiscus - this means that the plant has undergone disease. Over time, all greens will begin to spin and dry, as a result, it will fall off and the flower will die.
If you carefully examine the Chinese rose, you can see the tick. This parasite is very dangerous for the plant, so it needs neutralization. How to do it?
It is necessary to spray hibiscus leaves with toxic chemicals, for example, "Aktelikom" or "Fitoferm".These substances are used to process indoor plants. To completely defeat the parasite( mite), it is worthwhile to disinfect the plant at least three times. Do this procedure with a frequency of once a week.
Experienced growers know that the best fight against flower diseases is prevention. To do this, it is worth once a month to process the Chinese rose with disinfectants.
Required care for the Chinese rose
The care of the Chinese rose is required at a young age and during the flowering period. These two stages will ensure the healthy growth of a beautiful plant.
Care of transplanted cuttings is the formation of the crown. Once the planting material is fully rooted and began to intensively gain altitude, it is worth pinching it. Only in this case, the Chinese rose will grow lush and blooming.
Care of hibiscus during the flowering period:
- ensuring sufficient amount of sunlight( but not direct hitting of the rays on the leaves of the plant);
- top dressing of the soil;
- watering with warm water;
As a fertilizer, you can use a weak sweet homemade syrup. This requires one teaspoon of sugar and 250 grams of warm liquid. Mix ingredients to complete solubility.
In the summer, when it is very hot, it is advisable to take out the hibiscus( Chinese rose) on the balcony. Place it in an angle where there is no direct sunlight, but there is good daylight. These conditions will provide abundant flowering.
Chinese rose is a “vodhlebomb” plant. Watering in the summer should be done frequently. It is possible every day - in the morning and in the evening. Also, the flower is worth spraying.
Pruning of shoots is beneficial for the growth and flowering of Chinese roses. Need to inspect the bush and identify weak branches. They are pruned in the first place, it is necessary to leave only an escape length of two centimeters from the buds with leaves. Also cut the crown for decorative flower. If the shoots are properly cut, the plant will be lush and shaped.
Diseases of the Chinese rose
Improper care of the Chinese rose can lead to the appearance of diseases.
The most common diseases of Chinese rose:
- fungal infection;
- spider mite;
Symptoms of a fungal infection: blackening of leaves and falling off of buds. In order to avoid this disease, it is not necessary to re-moisten the soil, and also to avoid drafts and a sharp temperature drop.
Aphids and felts spread with dry air and improper watering.
Signs about the Chinese rose
Each gardener has heard many signs about the Chinese rose. Many of them are negative, although there are also positive ones.
Signs of the Chinese Rose:
- growing a flower in a house where the family lives will bring quarrels between husband and wife;
- If an unplanned plant is pleased with flowering, then trouble will soon come;
- for no apparent reason fell leaves - it is worth waiting for the disease of a family member;
- Abundant hibiscus bloom in the home of an unmarried girl, promises to see you soon.
It is precisely because of the not very good fame of the Chinese rose that it is grown not in residential buildings, but in administrative buildings and various institutions. Of course, you shouldn’t blindly believe all the signs, because falling leaves or a sudden flowering can only be the result of improper care of the plant.