Reproduction of Aspliuma by Shredding a DivisionlengthsHis leaves are special, complex and called frond. Tropical plant asplenium requires care of light, warmth and constant care. Of the many species, only a few were able to exist at home. Asplenium perfectly cleans the air of the room, at the same time filling it with oxygen.
Reproduction Asplenium Methods
Asplenium species diversity is not only in the various structure of the feathery leaves, roots. They multiply in special ways. Thus, asplenic lukovitsenosny, differently called live-bearing aspenium, reproduction leads to budding of the finished small plant from the parent leaf. Ripened bud has roots and leaf, it falls and grows near the mother bush.
Asplenium nesting, the most common apartment dweller and relatively patient in care, is multiplied by dividing the rhizomes during transplantation, as it gives side shoots.
Occurs in culture, but the Asaka aslenium of Asaka, whose fronds resemble long feathers, is not widespread, has wavy edges around it. This species of asplenium reproduces by spores growing on the underside of the leaves.
These are the preferred species for breeding home ferns.
Conditions for reproduction of asplenium
No matter how way indoor plants multiply, spring is the best time. At this time, the vital processes of living organisms are naturally activated. All transplants, breeding lead after the winter holiday plants.
It is important to create a temperature close to 20 in the substrate and air. Warm, moist earth accelerates the germination or rooting of plants.
For the cultivation of new plants using soft light soil. It consists of:
- leaf ground - 2 parts;
- peat - 1 part;
- humus - 2 parts;
- sand - 1 part.
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Traditionally, like for all tropical plants, charcoal and vermiculite are added to the soil. For new plants, moss as a component for ferns is better to replace with coconut fiber.
For growing plants from spores and viviparous buds, a flat surface crib is prepared. The bottom drainage layer is slightly covered with a peat substrate, and Asplenium seeds are sown on such a substrate. Each breeding method requires certain skills.
Reproduction of aspleenium by dividing the bush
The division of the bush occurs in spring. If a big bush has grown and there is not enough space in the pot for food, the bush needs to be transplanted. It's time to breed.
All parts of the plant are fragile. Therefore, extracting asplenium for reproduction from a container should be treated with care.
It is necessary to know that after dividing an adult plant, its growth will not be restored soon. The root system hardly adapts to new conditions. Therefore, it is possible to divide only the bush, in which in the set new points of growth are formed on the rhizome. If there are few of them, then all the delenki and the adult plant can die.
After transplantation, you need to be patient and wait for the roots to work. At the same time, the dishes for transplantation should be wide and a bit cramped. The property of these plants to first occupy all the proposed land, and only then build up the leaves should be taken into account. Planted plants choose a pot about 7 cm in diameter, as young plants grow often as the roots grow. Each time the substrate is replaced and the volume of the pot increases.
- In the container with drainage holes, pre-soaked expanded clay is placed, and preferably pieces of foam mixed with bog moss.
- Sprinkle a layer of finished earth, you can use the soil for orchids, with vermiculite and chopped moss.
- A separated bush with a root-treated root system is planted in a prepared cup, leaving the neck uncovered.
- Arrange plant roots gently, sprinkled with soil just above the neck, without compaction.
- Pour freshly water on the planting area with soft water, settled for 12 hours, while the ground will settle, revealing the neck.
- The remainder of the water must exit the container through the drain.
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Only asplenium nesting, which is planted for reproduction, is covered with a transparent bag from above, but is not tied at the bottom, allowing air to flow. During rooting, make sure that the earth was slightly damp, poured over the top, preventing the roots from rotting. Rooting can take 3-7 weeks, depending on the type and heat of the air and soil. After the appearance of young greenery, the package is removed gradually, in order to accustom the plant to habitat conditions.
Reproduction of the viviparous Asplenium
This species of ferns differs from others in the formation of brood buds on the fronds. In nature, a small plant, ready for continuation, falls into the ground and sprouts. A cultural plant is bred, without waiting for the sprout to fall, when several leaves have formed on it. It is torn off together with a piece of leaf and placed on the surface of the substrate, slightly sprinkled with a thin layer of earth and slightly moistened with a spray.
If a young seedling is rooted in the pot itself, it is carefully removed and removed. Such a plant develops quickly, it is necessary to cover it only in the first two weeks, so that the earth on the surface does not dry up until the roots go deep. Transplantation in a separate dish should be done after growing the first leaflets up to 4 cm. When reproduction of viviparous aspleenium, the bowl should be wide, and the plants can be planted several times, but so that they do not interfere with each other. The next time you replace the land, they can be seated one by one.
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Growing aspleenia from spores
Reproduction of spores is used infrequently. The method is time consuming, the process is lengthy. Disputes for sale in specialized stores are called asplenium seeds. This seed can be obtained throughout the growing season. The sporangia in which the spruce develops are located on the back side of the leaves, creating a brown staining of the plate. In order to collect them, it is enough to scrape the sporangia on a piece of paper and dry it in a paper envelope.
You will need to find a warm and shaded place to install a mini-nepotka, or create moisture under a glass jar above the stove. The germination process is long, from a month to three. Be sure to warm, moist substrate during germination on a thin layer of peat, laid on a brick, immersed in 5 cm in water.
The liquid should be poured as it evaporates. Daily airing hothouse required. It is important that the brick be freshly calcined, moss disinfected, and distilled water passed the installation of distillation and stored in a glass, paraffin inside, the flask. Buy distillate can be in the laboratory or pharmacy.
Pour the contents of the bag onto wet peat. With the appearance of thick greens organize the backlight. When the leaves grow, the plants are thinned out, leaving 2.5 cm between the seedlings. When reaching a leaf plate the size of a matchbox, the plants are planted in pots, you can 2-3 pieces in one container.
In this way, aspleenia can be grown from disputes for landscaping a country house landscape. Then in plants planted several plants for pomp.
Plant Video Asplenium