just start with the barberry. This beautiful ornamental shrub is unpretentious, has a different color of leaves and flowers, it can be of different shapes, both dwarf and gigantic. Perfectly amenable to molding, so planning a hedge this option is the most optimal. Among the many varieties of the most popular and refined are: barberry Thunberg, Siberian, Altai, Ottawa and Ordinary. Purple and purple, orange and red, variegated and golden leaves of barberry will make a small piece of a fantastic island out of your site.
Subtleties in the propagation of barberry
Many people are interested in how to propagate the barberry, but not everyone knows exactly how and how to do it. This plant is absolutely not demanding to the ground, but a shady place with high humidity will not work for it. And it can multiply in different ways - and seeds, and cuttings, and division of the bush. In this, every gardener will choose the option that is most suitable, because everyone has both advantages and disadvantages:
- rooting of cuttings takes a very long time;
- during seed multiplication, low germination rate is observed, about 20-40%;
- not every type of barberry is able to chase root young;
- there is a high risk of damage to the root system when splitting a hive.
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Proper reproduction of barberry cuttings
In this case, it is better to focus on the frequently used method of reproduction - from selected healthy bushes to cut cuttings, then root them and plant. But it is necessary to remember, if you do not use growth stimulants, rooting will take a very long time.
Therefore, adhering to several rules should be done like this:
- cuttings about 15 cm cut from the side branches, approximately in June;
- remove bottom leaves before treatment with root stimulant;
- prepared cuttings to land in a mixture of sand and peat;
- cover with foil;
- open seedlings several times a day for ventilation and spraying, as well as periodically loosen the soil;
- after cuttings take root, plant them in containers with moist soil, adding the necessary fertilizers;
- a year later the barberry lands on the place where it will grow.
In fact, the reproduction of the barberry of Thunberg and other species is not a complicated process, as it may seem at first glance. With the right approach and choice of method, sufficient lighting and moderate moisture, you will receive a beautiful ornamental shrub that will delight you with bright color of leaves, beautiful flowers and tasty fruits. All types and varieties of barberry are perfectly combined with conifers and flowers, giving a strict form of a hedge from this plant, you will have a wonderful lively, original fence that is resistant to the vagaries of the weather and always pleases with its diversity.
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Reproduction of barberries with seeds
Having studied and tested the reproduction of barberries with cuttings, you can try another method that is equally interesting, but more laborious and long. This method is often chosen by breeders to get new varieties and hybrids. Therefore, collecting and processing ripe fruits, do not rush to throw out the bones, because they can be your future new bushes.
So, the method of growing barberry from seed. After you collect the fresh fruits, they must be squeezed through a sieve, then washed and dried to a flowability state. To get a barberry from seeds, they are sown in the fall in open ground. To do this, make small grooves from 1 to 3 cm and covered with sand. It is also necessary to warm barberry beds - sprinkle with sawdust and cover with fir branches.
This is also done so that the seeds do not eat field mice. Upon the arrival of spring, when the snow melts, the entire top insulation must be removed, and the bed covered with film. The seeds of barberry germinate very slowly and germination is not particularly happy, but if five out of a dozen germinate five, then all of them together. As soon as 2 true leaves appear on the sprout, the garden bed needs to be thinned so that there is a distance of at least 5 cm between the sprouts. After about 2 years, the young bushes can be planted.
division of the plant breeding bush If you are not sure that barberry cutting will produce a result, and seed germination takes too long, you can try the bush division method and reproduction with young steam trays. In your garden there is already an adult plant that has a beautiful view and pleases with its fruits every year, then you can be sure that this instance will give excellent results when dividing it into several individual bushes. For this you need:
- a healthy, adult bush to dig out of the ground, carefully, so as not to harm the root system;
- carefully cut into pieces;
- large and powerful roots are cut and planted in ready holes;
- the soil where delenki land is plentifully moistened.
A procedure such as dividing a bush is best done in spring.
Having done all the necessary reproduction work and having achieved excellent results, it remains to provide the necessary care for its new green inhabitants. To preserve the variegated color of some species, consider the location of the shrub, and if you want a dense hedge, you should plant the plants at an interval of 25-30 cm. In a dry summer, ensure optimum watering, fertilize and cut thickening branches in time. If pests appear, insecticides can be used, and highly infected plants and leaves can be removed if necessary.
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Following all simple rules and recommendations your garden will delight you with abundant flowering and a variety of colors.
How to root green cuttings - video