.In a humid tropical climate, a seed sprouts on the bark of a dead tree. Roots are used to consolidate, the necessary nourishment Guzmania gets through the leaves, which form the rosette. At home, ghuzmaniya in the care and transplant patient, only does not tolerate excessive moisture. The plant loves a bright habitat, frequent spraying. However, water droplets, like lenses, can cause a burn to a plant, if at this time it will be under the rays of the sun.
Reproduction methods for the edging of the
Rosette of leaves is crowned by a beautiful sultan of bracts. They can be multi-colored, bright. In the center of small flowers, which may not even open, the seeds ripen without pollination.
The life span of a plant is measured in time from germination to seed ripening. Having given offspring, Guzmania dies, but first it leaves its daughters, which bud off from the main plant.
Reproduction of the sauces is possible:
The seed propagation method is chosen if it is not possible to acquire branches.
When a Guzman transplant is required
The first and only time a Guzman plant is transplanted after purchase at a flower shop. Usually a flowering plant is already sold, which means that in six months the top will wither and the plant will die. It is necessary to take care that the plant bloom for a long time, get babies who will continue the race. Carefully removed the plant from the shipping container.
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The plate for guzmaniyu is selected with a depth of no more than 12 cm, of which 2 cm is the drainage layer.
Soil can be used as a purchase for bromelias or to compose independently of equal parts:
- of sod land;
- coarse river sand;
- pounded finely peat moss;Peat
Add a little charcoal, pine bark, ceramic chips. Drainage is arranged from shards and expanded clay balls. The roots of the plant are weak, so when transplanting the land should be compacted carefully.
Homegrowth breeding at home.
The life cycle of a plant is on average three years. Buying an adult copy, you need to know that in the future will have to take care of the resumption.
After flowering, the main plant will dry out and die off, but leave offspring. It is necessary to prepare a replacement from young babies.
Propagation by seeds
The soil for sowing is composed of equal parts of sand and peat. Disinfect the seeds by holding slightly in a pink solution of potassium permanganate. Having dried planting material to flowability, it is laid out on the soil surface. The seeds are very small, we can not allow the drying of the upper layer, where they are. In the shelter should be high humidity.
Germination of seeds occurs in the light in the soil, stably 250 C, preferably with bottom heating. Seedlings will appear in three weeks.
A month later, it is necessary to pick out the guzmaniyu in separate cups. The plant develops quickly and soon the children who are planted are catching up.
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When it is better to replant the gusmania
Guzmania bloom long and occurs in the summer. Faded plant dies slowly, while feeding several babies. Growing up children for 2-4 months acquire a weak root system, but are tied to the maternal shrub. By the time when the shoots reach 15 cm in height, the roots will surely appear. First, it is good to familiarize yourself with the methods of transplanting children of a gusmania by watching a video:
You can transplant a gusmania in two ways:
- Drain a lump of earth in a pot until flowability, turn the lump and place it on a cutting surface. With a sharp knife, carefully separate all the children from the mother bush and put them in some water. The roots will become more elastic.
- Leave one baby, not digging out of the ground, but remove the remaining bush with layering. The young plant will bloom next year.
If the pot allows, you can leave several daughter plants. In this case, only the middle shrunken part of the plant is cut. In any case, such a plant in a year will again need to be renewed.
How to transplant guzman children correctly?
Planting of young plants should be carried out in a prepared substrate with the expectation that the plant will not be transplanted for three years.
The bowl should be 12-15 cm in diameter and 12 cm deep. We lower the plant into a special recess, fill the edges along the edges and slightly compact it. In this case, the soil should be moderately wet. Watering the plant is not in the ground, and in the funnel of leaves. If water is not absorbed, after a while it is removed with a blotter.
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Separated children cover in a plastic cap and create a hotbed with a temperature of 28-30 degrees. Children grow up quickly, take care of them, as for adult plants. Watering the plants is done in the center of the leaves. Top dressing in the solution is made there. But young plants have enough nutrients in the substrate.
Care for young plants
After transplantation, the first watering is abundant, a lump of soil is soaked and water is poured into the outlet. At the same time, the water should be soft, filtered and settled for two days. Hazmana are destructive for irrigation with hard water. She does not need magnesium and calcium salts.
The pot on the first place is put in a shaded place, after 1-2 weeks it is fixed on a permanent place. Shelter at this point is no longer needed. It is better to replant the plant in spring, but if necessary, you can at any time. The main thing is to wait for the development of the root system, which could give the plant vitality.
In nature, plants grow in colonies and very densely, creating clumps of plants of all generations. At home, thickened can cause no flowering. Plants are demanding to the level of illumination. Therefore, it is optimal to plant each guzmania in a separate bowl.
How to separate Guzman children - video