Everything you need to know about Echeveria

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video The fashionable time

  • reproduction The reproduction of the echeveria -

video The fashionable time use

  • The reproduction of echeveria -

video The fashionable time

  • reproduction The growth of the echeveria -

video The fashionable time

  • multiplication The reproduction of the echeveria -

video The fashionable time

  • reproduction The reproduction of the echeveria -

video The fashionable time

  • reproduction The reproduction of the echeveria -

video The fashionable time distribution

  • The reproduction of the echeverie -

These plants belong to the species of Tolstyankovs, and the most famous representative is the cactus, a long-time resident of apartments. Echeveria is better known under the name "stone flower".The variety of shapes and colors of this plant species has made him a desirable inhabitant of window sills and greenhouses.

Description of Echeveria

The habitat of the plant is a rocky plateau of Mexico and South America. Her huge leaves in natural conditions become a source of moisture for the Aborigines. The name of the plant received in the classification in honor of the artist, illustrator of books on the animal and plant world of Mexico A. Egeveriya.

In nature, plants are short or short-stemmed. At home, depending on the light, you can grow a long trunk and various forms. Sheet from 3 to 15 cm wide and 25 cm in length stores large reserves of water and like all succulents can do without watering for a long time. Echeveria leaves are adapted to both heat and cold. They are covered with a wax coating, in the summer they become bluish-white, reflecting the sun's rays. The leaves are kept cool by a fluffy blanket on top, which becomes thicker by winter.

This type of succulents blooms at any time of the year, but more often in spring and summer, as it needs maximum light during flowering. There are more than 150 varieties of indoor plants, and most often bred only a few, because of the availability of reproduction.

Among them it is possible to name:

  1. Echeveria is agave-shaped, almost without a stem with an assembled rosette of leaves of different shades, pointed at the tips. It blooms in late spring.
  2. Echeveria Derenberg has creeping shoots, and rosettes of leaves are collected in cones resembling spruce. Fleshy leaves have the shape of a spade, up to 4 cm long.
  3. Echeveria graceful does not have a stem, the leaf resembles a spoon, only in the shape back ovoid.
  4. Bristle Echeveria I is one of the most common varieties for home breeding. It has longer leaves and blooms profusely, throwing out a 30 centimeter peduncle.
  5. Echeveria cushion-shaped I represents a short shrub, with densely pubescent white hair.
Read also: Rules for cutting geraniums for lush flowering

Any shrub of this plant for stone flower lovers is a welcome acquisition.

Echeveria home care

In order for the plant to develop well at home it is necessary to fulfill the content requirements that are close to the living conditions:

  • illumination;
  • temperature in winter and summer;
  • watering;
  • fertilizer;
  • soil composition;

In addition, you should know the main signs and diseases of plants. An important feature is the development of the root system, the methods of reproduction of this type of succulents.

One of the main conditions for the well-being of a plant is lighting. Echeveria is not afraid of sunlight, can be located on all windows, except the north without shading. With insufficient light, flowering can not wait. Even in the dormant period, not all varieties need shading. In summer, the plants will be happy to be in the fresh air, open veranda or balcony. In any case, there must be an umbrella over the place where the succulents grow, to protect the leaves from an unexpected cloud. In contact with water, the leaves lose their decorative effect.

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The most difficult thing in maintaining echeveria at home is to provide temperature control. If in the summer of 22-27 it is not difficult to create, in winter in indoor conditions a bright place with 6-8 is difficult to find. At higher temperatures, the stem is drawn out. If this is not critical for the owner of the succulent, then the temperature at 18 degrees is well tolerated by the guest.

Important in the care of eheveriya at home is watering. It is better to dry the plant than to give excess water. With a lack of water, the leaves shrivel and then re-fill. At overflow, the plate softens and rotting may begin. In summer, watering is moderate, the ground should dry up to 2/3 in height, with the leaves slightly wilted. When watering, avoid droplets of water on the plants. Most often use the lower watering through the drainage holes. In winter, watering is reduced by half, watered a little based on the condition of the plants. Excessive moisture will kill the succulent.


The composition of the soil should be as close as possible to the natural. The soil is skinny, with a predominance of sand and stone powder, sour from a peat substrate. You can buy ready-made soil for cacti and add ingredients:

  • coarse sand;
  • crushed charcoal;
  • brick chips;
  • Vermiculite.

The sour composition can be made independently by mixing high and low peat, leaf humus, and add some biohumus for nutritional value. After disinfection homemade or purchased soil, add the listed fillers.

The dishes for the care of echeveria are selected wide and flat, in which the roots are arranged horizontally. The composition of the soil is such that young growing specimens need frequent transplantation. An adult plant is relocated to a new flat as needed. In any case, they try not to injure the bush during transplantation. Adult plants are fed in the warm period of the year once a month with special liquid fertilizers for succulents.

Read also: Unusual fern platicerium at home

Dry apartment air with winter heating with hot water radiators for the plant is favorable. No spraying or wetting is required when caring for eheveria at home.

Echeveria reproduction

The plant is propagated by seed, leaf plates or the upper parts of the rosette. Seed propagation is used by breeders to obtain new decorative properties. In practice, echeveria is propagated vegetatively.

The taken leaf is dried for several hours, and then deepened. Rooting occurs within a few days, new mini plants will be created, which will later bloom in 2-4 years. If you propagate the top of the rosette, the flowering can be obtained in the same year.

Bloom

Different varieties of echeveria bloom in their period. You can assemble a collection so that the flowering becomes continuous. The main condition is the intensity of the light flux. Therefore, often experienced flower growers organize artificial lighting up. The flower comes out of the axils of the leaves, sometimes naked, leafy. Sometimes he soars above the plant at a height, in other cases, he clings to the bush. The flowers are pollinated well, and in the resulting box are viable seeds.

The benefits of the plant

Creating a garden of succulents on the window has a beneficial effect on the room. The air is enriched with oxygen and ozone, humidity increases, clothes sparkle less. In general, the living inhabitants of the window sill cause positive emotions.

Reproduction Echeveria - Video

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