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Aquilegia, photos of flowers which youYou can see below - a perennial herbaceous plant belonging to the family of Buttercups. The distribution area covers Europe, America, Asia with temperate climatic zones. As for the name of the plant, there are several options for its origin. The first - as a translation from Latin, which means "collecting water."The second variant is the connection with the word “eagle” - a bird of prey, whose sharp and curved claws resemble the shape of the spurts of aquilegia colors. There is also an opinion that the name was given to the flower by ancient Germanic tribes, who called it elf shoes, forest magic spirits. In the people, aquilegia is called the catchment or orlik. The British call the flower dove, columbina, darling.
Orlik is a rather tall plant, reaching 0.5-1 m in height. The root system has a well-developed and branched taproot with thickened roots. Despite the small height of the plant, the root is buried very strongly - at 0.6 m. There is an erect stem, leafy and gushing at the top. Lower foliage located on long petioles and dissected into 2-3 triple fragments. As can be seen from the photo of the flowers of aquilegia, the shape of the foliage looks like clover leaves. Sometimes it is covered with a bluish bloom. Stem foliage sessile and trifoliate. The stem is crowned with flowers of different shades, starting with white, yellow, blue and ending with a two-tone color. The size of the flowers, depending on the variety, can reach 10 cm. There are always spurs on single buds.
There are over 100 species of aquilegia. Of these, only 35 were cultivated, and in the Northern Hemisphere about 70 grow. Consider the most popular species of the catchment.
Most often in this type there are semi-and terry varieties with an unusual structure that differs from other catchments. The plant forms more than 5 flowers that look like aster. This species most often lacks a spur or is poorly developed.
Aquilegia Nora Barlow
This is the most well-known variety of hybrid eagle, named after the grandmother Charles Darwin and grown from the 17th century. The flowers have a pronounced terry due to the large number of corolla petals and rich shades. The plant is a sprawling bush with a diameter of up to half a meter and a height of up to 0.7 m. The main difference of the variety is the lush green foliage, with towering pink and white buds.
Youngsters grown from fallen seeds may differ outwardly from the parent plant.
This variety also applies to perennial forms. In the process of growth a compact bush is formed, reaching 0.8 m in height.
The plant is remarkable for its terry buds of unusual shape up to 6-8 cm in diameter and many shades: pink, yellow, blue, white. Orlik is preferably planted in shady areas, but if necessary, he can feel well in sunny areas. It is grown in the seed way, sowing into the soil in spring and autumn. It is widely used in mixborders, it is planted in heaps with other varieties, it is actively cut.
grows mostly in Scandinavia, Europe and America. A distinctive feature of the variety is a simple bud with a diameter of up to 5 cm. The truth is appreciated for the decorative nature of the flower itself, whose petals are beautifully curved in the shape of a cup, in the middle of which is a spur of the same shade as the bud( some varieties have contrasting colors).When folded, the petals collect and hold rainwater or dew. This variety gave life to numerous garden varieties that have flowers resembling clematis, delicacy of foliage, or the terry of buds.
The variety is widely used in garden design, interior design( for example, in balconies), in bouquets, often found as pot plants. During development a small compact bush is formed. On the stems, 25 cm long, there is a flower, collected in inflorescence and having a wide color palette.
Variety refers to perennials. It forms a compact bush with a height of up to 0.7 m. The plant is cold-resistant, feels fine in shading, which is very unusual for aquilegia. At the end of May-June, blooms up to 6 cm in diameter, gathered into inflorescences of paniculate form. Most often the grade is used for disembarkation in places of rest, in mixborders, group landing.
The plant looks good in a circle of irises, bluebells, ferns.
This is a hybrid variation based on a wild catchment. That is why the plant is resistant to external influences of nature and unpretentious in growing. In the adult state the bush reaches only half a meter. On a long peduncle bloom beautiful terry flowers of hybrid form with a unique two-tone color. Most often it is a mixture of white and blue, yellow with red and violet with blue.
Aquilegia without a sperm
It grows in Japan and China. Remarkable is the view of its miniature - the bush reaches only 0.2 m in height. The foliage of the plant is openwork, on the peduncles bloom pink flowers that do not have spurs. On the basis of this species, many hybrids were bred by crossing, giving terry and simple forms of flowers with a bush height of 8-120 cm. At the same time, the spur may be in the bud, but may be absent.
Akvilegiya Mak Kanna
Also a hybrid tall variety. Plant height reaches 1.2 m. Distinctive features are: the presence of a long spur, the absence of wilted buds, different coloring of petals and sepals. And it is diverse and represented by all shades of the rainbow.
Mostly variety grows in the USA.It can be identified by large, with long, unbent spurs( 5 cm), flowers( approximately 6 cm in diameter), located on rather high( up to 0.4-0.7 m) peduncles. The corolla is white and the sepals have a pale blue color with a slight lavender shade. The species has a huge variety of hybrids of different shades, including lemon.
As can be seen from the photo of flowers, aquilegia is a great option for creating landscape design. It goes well with coniferous trees, for example, with European spruce and Korean fir, forming a contrasting and light Mediterranean style. It looks good catchment near the ornamental pond on the background of various coastal plants.
Aquilegia is also used on alpine slides, rockeries, flower beds. The truth for them should be carefully selected varieties, taking into account the spreading and height of the bush, as well as the shade and time of blooming buds.
On average, flowering lasts about a month. With good care, it can increase to 7 weeks.
Aquilegia is famous not only for the beauty of its flowers, but also for its decorative foliage. Having selected the necessary varieties, you can change the design of your plot and give it refinement and tenderness.