How to use a manual or stationary sewing machine correctly
Today, when the choice of manual and compact sewing machines is big enough, anyone can learn the basics of tailoring craft. And, if there are no problems with the purchase of the unit, then in order to understand how to use the sewing machine, you may need enough time and patience. Efforts are more than worthwhile when you can not only skillfully repair your things, but also pamper yourself with products of exclusive pattern and design.
In this article, we will try to simplify the process of mastering the sewing art for you as much as possible, as well as introduce the basic nuances of all stages: from threading before sewing.
- 1Let's take a look at the instruction
- 2Learning to refuel a car
- 3We put a needle
- 4Before sewing
- 5Features of using a sewing mini machine
Let's take a look at the instruction
Regardless of what kind of machine you buy (manual, mini, foot, electric ...), with it, the instruction in several languages necessarily comes with it. Ask the seller if the instruction contains explanations in a language you understand. The same applies to the purchase of the machine from the hands - ask for instructions, so that in any incomprehensible situation you have to turn to for help.
Of course, if you are dealing with an old, even rarity model from Singer or Podolsk, in most cases you will have to understand the intricacies of their work without documents. But the main advantage of old cars in comparison with modern machines is their simplicity and reliability of mechanisms, and recommendations for operation can be easily found in any "classical" book by sewing and cutting..
While studying the instructions, pay special attention to the fact that in no case can you do with the machine: keeping the tool in working condition and will be the first step towards mastering the sewing business..
The process of operation of a modern sewing machine (including mini machines) is simplified as much as possible, and every detail in them is located in a strictly designated place and performs a specific action.
Learning to refuel a car
Before sewing, the machine must be properly refilled. And it does not matter with which machine you are dealing with: mini or manual, foot or old - without a coil it does not do any good. Let's start with the upper thread, which must be passed through a row of holes in a strictly fixed sequence.
Grab the end of the thread, run it into the miniature window on the back side of the device, then go into the tension regulator, follow through a couple of loops and, finally, we reach the needle. The order of refilling your car model, set in the instructions, in no case can not be violated. Otherwise, the risk of rubbing the thread and disrupting the performance of the entire device will increase.
Remember: on the case of every modern typewriter (even manual or mini) there are symbols and arrows that help you to orient yourself and quickly understand how and where the thread breaks.
Now go to the second step - refueling the shuttle (the device into which the bobbin and thread are inserted). Regardless of the type and model of the machine, the installation of the bobbin in the shuttle is carried out in such a way that the thread goes out clockwise. To facilitate the work and significant time savings for the skilled workers, manufacturers today produce not only coils, but also ready-made bobbins with coiled threads. The main thing is to achieve the same thickness and quality of the upper and lower threads.
We put a needle
Ask how to insert a needle into your machine. Get a set of different needles for sewing machines: having only one needle, you can not work with fabrics of different thicknesses. Handicraft magazines or specialized formulas will help you find information about what kind of needle and thread you need to make the product you are interested in. Adhering to each recommendation from the instruction, put the needle in the intended place for it and remember how you did it. If the needle is incorrectly installed, the probability of its ejection during high-speed sewing or the rupture of the fabric and threads will appear.
Identify and remember where the thread tension regulators (especially the upper ones) are located and the lever (wheel), which specifies the stitch length (the interval between two adjacent punctures of the fabric, is usually measured in millimeters). Find out what types of lines your machine can do (zigzag, patterned, etc.), how to switch between them, whether there is the possibility of stitching loops. Set the device so that you feel comfortable behind the intended workstation. Working with a manual typewriter, the fabric is held with the left hand, and the handle is turned with the right hand (for left-handers on the contrary). In the case of the foot drive, both hands are released, and you have more control over the sewing process.
Before starting to manufacture (or repair) a large product, adjust the device and test the quality of the seam on a small flap of the same material.
Features of using a sewing mini machine
Pros of the sewing mini machine:
- Lack of multiple mechanisms;
- Ease of operation;
- Self-setting the interval of stitches.
Compactness is the main advantage of this device. You can take it with you on the road, and with any need to repair things, because use a mini car is very simple. Follow the simple instructions, fill the thread in the mechanism and immediately start sewing! With it, do not bother with installing the shuttle, reel spools and for a long time to delve into the device of the device. Using just one thread, we hold the machine in hand and, working the same way as with a stapler, we make a stitch after the stitch, independently choosing their intervals.
Irreplaceable it will be and with a small repair of curtains, which can be made on the spot, without removing the curtains from the eaves.
We advise you to read: how to choose a sewing machine.