All you need to know about transplanting, reproduction and pruning pedilanthusThe climatic conditions of the regions contribute to the rapid warming of the soil. In order for the seeds to produce strong shoots in time, the growers use the following planting algorithm:
- seeds are wrapped in warm fabric soaked with a solution of epin for germination 5 days before planting;
- for a bed choose a well-lit place;
- prepare the soil - loosen, apply fertilizer( superphosphate) and sand to improve drainage properties;
- determine the planting pattern, most often the seeds are sown in a curly way( in the shape of a circle, heart, chamomile);
- on the day of planting, weeds and stones are removed from the flowerbed;
- in the ground make the grooves and planted seeds proklynuvshiesya.
The furrow for the majors should be made 4 cm deep, and the seeds should be placed 30 cm apart. Majors grow in this case larger and more bushy. If the seeds are too close to the row - the flowers will be smaller and weaker.
Prepared seeds sprout well. If they are not sprout in advance, half of the planting material may not germinate. After planting, the flower bed is watered through the sprayer so as not to clog the soil. The next watering is done after the appearance of sprouts.
Planting tsiniya seedlings
The second method - planting tsiniya in the spring in spring seedlings. This method is suitable for any region, as it gives a guaranteed result. Seedlings are grown in advance and planted when establishing a good temperature. The action algorithm is the same as when planting seeds. The difference is that the seedlings are placed at a distance of 35 - 40 cm from each other, deepening by 5 - 6 cm. After planting, the seedlings are well watered.
When transplanting young plants in a flower bed, it is necessary not to damage the roots and shoots. If the plant was in a peat pot, then it does not need to be removed - it is better to plant directly in the pot.
When planting a tsiniya in an open field is completed, flowers are taken care of - they irrigate abundantly, remove weeds and apply fertilizer.
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How to care for cynia
Care for the grown up major seedlings is in five procedures:
- abundant watering;
- loosening dried up soil;
- weed removal;
- pinching shoots;
- fertilizer application.
In order to plant and care for cynia in the open field gave a good result, the flowerbed is well watered. Instead of frequent but superficial irrigation, plants are provided with regular and abundant. So they have time to be well saturated with moisture, while the land between waterings has time to dry, which does not allow the roots to rot.
Water the flowers you need at the root. If the water gets into the sinuses of the shoots - they will start to rot. If the water gets on the buds, they will lose their aesthetic appearance.
Soil between flowers turns into a dense crust. It occurs regularly after good watering, when the earth dries and hardens. The resulting crust does not allow air to flow to the roots of plants, which is why they develop worse. Therefore, between irrigations, the soil is loosened, providing air access to the root system.
Regularly removing weeds is needed only while the majors have bloomed. Small plants are not able to absorb all the nutrients and moisture from the soil if weeds are growing nearby. It takes nutrients, quickly grows and inhibits flowers. But as soon as tsiniya grew, they are not afraid of weeds.
To tsiniya, planting, care and flowering in the open field which are important for the gardener, grow a lush bush.their tops should be cut off. If the goal is to grow a large flower on a long stem, the side shoots are cut off, and the top one is not pinched.
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It is necessary to conduct additional feeding only if the bed with majors does not bloom for a long time or has a depressing appearance - yellow leaves, sluggish shoots. It is better to take liquid formulations with antifungal effect. Suitable, for example, "Gumat" or "Gumax".
Collection and storage of seeds
Planting tsiniya and care in the open field for the winter differs from the usual care in collecting seeds and preparing the beds for the new season. The ripening of the seed box lasts quite a long time - 50-60 days from the moment of flowering. If during the period of plant care the flower growers cut off the withered flower heads, then during the period of seed preparation the seed pods of strong and large plants are preserved. They can be interrupted only when they are fully matured.
Seeds are best collected from the top of a large flower. It is cut with scissors after aging and dried. After the seeds are crushed into an envelope, signed and stored during the winter.
Zinias - this is the main decoration flower beds. If you take care of them properly, they look royal, bloom profusely and grow rapidly to the joy of the florist.
Video about planting tsiniya seeds in open ground