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For those who need to apply for application, apply for the programme’s application, apply for the process of rosemaryGrowing a house in a pot will require the knowledge of the features of this plant, but as a result you will be provided with valuable spice greens all year round. Rosemary leaves, shoots and flowers contain an essential oil with unique beneficial properties. Infusion and decoction of rosemary is used for headaches, stomach problems, colds, women's diseases, as a tonic for loss of strength.
Fresh and dried leaves are widely used for flavoring confectionery, olive oil, vinegar, alcoholic beverages. The unique pine aroma of rosemary with bitter citrus notes will turn any dish of vegetables, meat or fish into a culinary masterpiece. And all this with ease will provide one bush of rosemary in a pot on your window sill. It remains to learn more about this ancient culture.
Description of the plant
Rosemary comes from the arid mountain regions of North Africa and southern Europe. In Russia, it is not found in the wild, it is massively cultivated in the Crimea to produce valuable essential oil. Rosemary belongs to the long-lived shrubs of the family Luminous. Narrow evergreen leaves, similar to conifer needles, are located on tetrahedral twigs, the ends of which are topped with blue-violet flowers.
This plant does not belong to indoor plants, so for growing rosemary at home in a pot, it is better to purchase a young seedling in a specialty store.
What conditions are needed rosemary
For successful cultivation of this culture you need to know the conditions of its growth and try to recreate them at home. These are:
- strong lighting;
- low temperature without sudden changes in temperature;
- clean air;
- lack of drafts;
- moderate humidity.
In conditions of central heating, the plant needs to be sprayed regularly, as it starts dropping leaves in dry air.
Rosemary has an extensive root system. For him, a large clay pot will do. Ceramics do not heat up in the sun and retain the optimum temperature of the root system. At the bottom of the pot stack drainage of small fractions of expanded clay, broken shards, pebbles. The height of the drainage can reach up to a quarter of the height of the pot. Above it will be useful a small layer of vermiculite, which perfectly regulates the moisture of the earthy coma.
- 1 part of sod land;
- 1 part peat;
- 1 part of coarse sand or vermiculite.
Since peat is acidic, ashes are added to alkalize the soil.
A little soil is poured over the drainage so that the root neck is just below the sides. The plant is put on the ground, straighten the roots and gently sprinkled with earth on the edges of the tank. The soil is slightly compacted and watered so that it settles.
A few days after planting, a little more ground should be added to prevent the roots from becoming bare.
Replant young plants annually in early spring, then once every two years.
Rosemary Care Pot
In order for the rosemary at home in the pot to bloom in the spring, it is important to ensure a period of rest. In winter, the most suitable temperature for it is 10-13 ° C.Bush moderately watered with settled water, do not forget to spray and keep on a sunny windowsill. In the spring, after transplantation, when the seedling begins to grow, the rate of watering is increased and every two weeks they begin to be fed with complex mineral fertilizers.
During the growing season, a pot of rosemary is taken out on the balcony, loggia, or transported to the cottage. In cold nights, it is desirable to bring it into the house, because rosemary does not like sudden temperature changes.
Pests and Rosemary Diseases
This plant is quite resistant to various diseases and pests. However, with high dry air on the stems and leaves may appear subtle cobwebs - a spider mite. With a small lesion will help soapy water, which moisten the entire aerial part of the bush. If the tick has managed to multiply strongly, any insecticide - “Fitoverm” or “Aktellik” will help.
In case of insufficient watering, the lower leaves begin to turn yellow in the rosemary, and when they are excessive, they fall off. Bringing irrigation schedules back to normal will eliminate these symptoms.
With the observance of these simple rules, growing rosemary at home in a pot will turn into a fascinating occupation, and a caring owner will be rewarded with a large number of fragrant spicy leaves for preparing tasty dishes and maintaining health without pills.