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fruits of wild( girl's) edible grapes, but the vines of this plant is very decorative. The leaves of most varieties by the fall get gorgeous burgundy or red color of various shades and beautifully stand out from the rest of the greenery. The plant is unpretentious to the place of planting and the type of soil, but to grow lush bushes, you must follow simple guidelines for planting and caring for wild grapes.
Where to plant wild grapes
Often gardeners often refuse decorative creepers simply because they do not know how to grow grapes in the country. It is difficult to find a more picky plant than girlish grapes. It grows even in deep shade, does not require frequent fertilizers and watering. Despite such unpretentiousness, it is nevertheless better to plant it on the sunny side - this way the shrub will grow faster, the leaves will be larger and more picturesque.
Suitable for planting cultivated soil with any Ph. If the plant is supposed to be planted on an unclean, weedy or stony area, a spacious planting pit 50 cm wide and deep is prepared, and covered with fertile soil with the addition of humus. This filling will be enough for the plant to grow and receive the necessary nutrition for 2-3 years. After the final rooting, its root system will cope with the obstacles itself.
Wild grapes, having the volume of a bush, practically do not occupy the usable area, since growing grapes in the country, they are planted in places that are unsuitable for the growth of other garden and garden plants. Liana maiden grapes are suitable for such purposes:
- Shading arbor.
- Hedge device.
- Arch device.
- The decoration of the walls of old, dilapidated buildings.
Do not forget that the fast-growing plant needs support, so from the very beginning create conditions for it so that the vines can rise upwards. This does not apply to those cases where it is planned to put the vines on the ground in the form of a carpet.
How to plant wild
grapes The planting pit is filled ½ part with fertile soil with humus, and the plant is placed in it. If the ground is sufficiently loose and fertile, it is enough to dig a small hole in which the roots of the grapes can be freely distributed. Filling the hole with soil, it is poured abundantly with water.
It should be ensured that the place of the previous growth of the seedling was at the level of the soil. The deepening of the plant will provoke the random formation of shoots, the struggle with which will take a lot of time and effort. If the soil after watering has subsided, and the bush together with the ground has subsided, it should be pulled up, carefully grabbing the stem near the ground. After that, fill the ground and water the plant again.
It is not recommended to replant a plant older than two years, as it may disrupt the branching process, and will have to carry out additional pruning for the correct formation of the bush.
Care for young seedlings of wild grapes
Plants will take root faster if the soil is constantly kept wet, so during the first week after planting, care for grapes consists of regular watering. In hot weather, this is done early in the morning or in the evening, and always with warm water. To better retain moisture, it is recommended to squash the hole with bark or peat.
Young plants cannot hold onto the trellis on their own, so they need to be tied up with soft twine. In a few years, the need for such a garter will disappear, as the plant will independently cling to the fence, arbor grate or wall of the structure with antennae or suckers on the stems. Shelter wild grapes need only the first 2-3 years after planting, after which for the winter you can simply cover the basal hole with a layer of humus. On how to care for wild grapes, you can see in the video tutorial attached to the article.
Part of the care for maiden grapes is to contain its growth limits. The plant intensively starts root shoots, which can capture the space not intended for it. In the second half of summer, the bushes are inspected several times, and newly formed growth is dug up. New bushes can be transplanted for further landscaping of the site.
Pruning wild grapes
In the third year of grape growth in the leaf axils, shoots, or stepsons, begin to form. The more such shoots appear, the more magnificent the bush is. Stimulate their formation can be spring pruning lashes. The shortening of vines is made to the required length, and has no restrictions. If you remove most of the shoot, it will not affect the viability of the vine, it will start side shoots and reach the same size again.
If you plan to plant a balcony with vine whips, you need to put them on the wall of the house and pass the grapes( remove the stepsons) until the vine reaches the desired height. After that, already from the balcony pruning of shoots is carried out, contributing to the growth of green mass. In the spring, all dried twigs are removed, tied up by wind, and too long shoots are shortened. Formative pruning is carried out throughout the first half of the summer, and in the fall, the newly grown shoots ends are tied up so that the wind does not break them.