festive flowering and planting in the gardencomparison with roses, but only flowering when all plants are at rest, in winter. But the similarity of crops is limited only by the pomp and shape of the flowers, the care and cultivation of camellia in the garden is very different from the agrotechnology of other ornamental shrubs.
The reason for the uniqueness of camellias is in the peculiarities of their growth in the wild nature of plant native regions. In the humid, close to subtropical climate of the south-east of Asia, flowering shrubs and small camellia trees have been used for many years for planting parks and palace complexes.
With moderately hot summer and winter with small sub-zero temperatures, the culture feels great in the open field. But is it possible to grow and care for garden camellia on the street in Russian conditions?
The history of growing and caring for camellia in the garden.
In Europe, the first specimens of camellias appeared in the first half of the XVIII century. Over the past years, gardeners have learned to care for the crop, numerous varieties and hybrids have appeared:
- , which have become more resistant than wild-growing species to frost;
- with a longer flowering period;
- with coronels unique in shape, size and variety of colors.
The oldest specimens of camellias, once taken from Japan and China, can still be seen in the greenhouses of Britain, in the garden of the old royal residence in Dresden and in the parks of Spain.
And at the disposal of modern lovers of flowering shrubs camellia garden, as in the photo, with flowers resembling peonies, roses of various kinds and even anemones. Among the camellias are trees and shrubs.
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Plants are able to withstand considerable cold, but it is unlikely that it will survive at temperatures below –20 ° C.The most winter-hardy today are considered varieties: Donation, Jury’s Yellow, Debbie, Hagoromo. The flowering of these species is delayed until spring, but in winter they also retain bright green foliage.
Conditions for the care and cultivation of the garden camellia
But such cold-resistant plants can not withstand the cold weather in the middle zone of the country. Therefore, here camellia plants are grown in large containers, for the winter they are brought up in a cool room, on a terrace or in a greenhouse.
Potted camellia feels good at a temperature of 10–15 ° C.If the plant is provided with good, but diffuse lighting for 12–14 hours a day, then caring for camellia when grown in a garden is easy. The shrub in time will pick up the color and please the gardener with an abundance of wonderful flowers.
In regions with milder winters, evergreen bushes cover, and in the subtropical zone, camellia gardens, as in the photo, are covered with a lot of spectacular flowers with a diameter of 10 cm from February to mid-spring.
and from the bright winter sun, manifesting its activity in the morning hours.
In order for the foliage and flower petals not to blacken and not die, thawing after the night, it is better to shade the plants or cover them for the night with non-woven material. The same measure will help to preserve shrubs, if cold winter winds are frequent on the site.
Since the camellia garden, in the photo, is well tolerated by partial shade, the crowns of garden trees can protect them from the negative effects of the environment. When selecting neighbors for decorative culture, it is only important to take into account that camellias love sour soil, which not all garden residents like.
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Camellias grow well under the shelter of fences, near the walls of houses and outbuildings. With the help of supports and trellis, gardeners have successfully grown curly camellia in the garden, which, with the help of painstaking shaping, is given a flat vertical shape.
Planting and caring for garden camellia
In addition to knowing the proper garden planting site and caring for it, a gardener must understand the plant's requirements for soil, watering, and additional feeding. But the life of a culture in the open field begins with the landing of a bush.
The landing pit for garden camellia is made twice as wide and deeper than the earthen seedling of the seedling. This is done to ensure that the plant immediately gets into the nutrient enough acidic soil necessary capricious beauty for growth and flowering.
The soil for the garden camellia, in the photo, consists of equal parts of humus, coniferous land, top peat and sand. To acidify the soil in the substrate, you can add chopped spruce or pine bark. The selected mixture should be loose, light and structured. In such a soil, camellia roots:
- will receive the required amount of air and moisture:
- will not be exposed to the risk of decay;
- will actively grow, helping to receive food above-ground parts of the bush.
A drainage layer is made at the bottom of the pit, and the prepared soil is poured on top of it so that after filling the coma to the bottom of the coma, the root collar of the shrub is not under the soil layer. In this case, the planting of the camellia to care in the garden is carried out correctly. The soil surface is mulched with needles, sawdust, shavings or bark to:
- prevent evaporation of moisture;
- gradually replenish the acidity of the substrate.
By the fall of the layer of mulch increase, carefully covering the base of the camellia. Such a measure will help to avoid the defeat of the bush from the frost spreading on the soil and the lack of snow at the beginning of winter.
In order to simplify the care of garden camellia, they are planted in the deep fall or late winter, when the plant has not yet begun to actively grow shoots. In this case, the shrub is well acclimatized and quickly begins to grow, taking in both watering and fertilizer.
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Watering and fertilizing the camellia during care and planting in the garden
Garden camellia is fed from spring to the end of July. Shrub well perceives the introduction of complex additives, which can be replaced with a one-time feeding with granulated bird droppings in early summer.
The plant, like other inhabitants of the garden, needs water. The most abundant and frequent watering is in spring and summer, but in the fall, together with a restriction in fertilizers, reduces soil moisture. This measure of care when growing camellia in the garden stimulates the appearance of buds.
So that all the efforts spent on planting and caring for camellia in the garden are not in vain, when buying planting material it is important to make sure that the selected variety is able to survive in winter conditions in the open field. If there is any doubt, it is more reasonable to choose a suitable container for the seedling and grow camellia as a pot plant, which in winter will have to be transferred to a cool room.
Festive Camellia Blossom - Video