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For example, for therapeutic purposes, Eleutherococcus spiny is very often used. It is a shrub, two to two and a half meters high. Also, the plant has a very developed root system, which is used in medicine. To distinguish Eleutherococcus spiny from other plants, it is necessary to know that the shrub has black round fruits, inside which are five flattened bones.
The collection of medicinal plants falls on the second mid-September. Geographically, shrubs grow in the Far East, in northeastern China, as well as in Korea and Japan. In Russia, shrubs can be found in Primorsky Krai, Southern Sakhalin and the Amur region. The plant Eleutherococcus, the photo of which is in this article, has pronounced berries.
Medicinal properties of the plant
Due to its chemical properties, the use of Eleutherococcus prickly is widely distributed in folk and scientific medicine. The plant has a positive effect on the entire body, especially on:
- The central nervous system - stimulating it, stimulates stable work.
- The musculoskeletal system, which under the influence of tincture of the plant begins to work more actively.
- Brain activity.
- Vision, enhancing its perception.
- Immune System.
- Cell Regeneration and Delayed Cancer Growth.
In addition, it has Eleutherococcus healing properties that increase the overall metabolic processes of the body, contributes to its resistance to the harmful effects of the environment, disease-causing organisms, as well as factors causing inflammatory processes. Thanks to the treatment of Eleutherococcus, a person is able to quickly cope with stress.
The basic dosage form in which you can find the therapeutic Eleutherococcus is a liquid extract. It must be dosed. It is best to use the medicine courses, one course lasts a month, and then you need to take a break. It has virtually no side effects because it is non-toxic, but in case of overdose it can cause insomnia, melancholy, anxiety and irritability.
By taking a regular drug, you can get rid of skin diseases, impotence, neurosis, diabetes and atherosclerosis. It can also be used for external use by adding to creams.
Growing shrubs with
saplings Despite the fact that Eleutherococcus spiny grows only in a certain climate, it is quite possible to grow it at home as a garden plant in several ways: by vegetative, cutting, by cutting and dividing the shrub. Seeds are also used, but this method is not the best, as troublesome and costly.
For cultivation of Eleutherococcus, it is best to use branches and root growth, which can be easily found around the shrubs. Branches can be easily separated from the main plant, and due to the ability to intensively develop the root system, they will very quickly begin in the ground.
The best time to grow a shrub is in autumn or early spring. In the spring, a planting procedure should be carried out before the buds begin to swell. But, before planting, you need to prepare a place where Eleutherococcus spiny will grow. Since it is a very shade-loving plant, it is better to choose a place for planting under a tree, which casts a good shadow. For this perfect place under the nut.
First you need to remove weeds over the entire area. Also dig up the entire area allocated for landing, to a depth of about 25 centimeters. Now it is necessary to fertilize the soil well, introducing at the same time 6 kilograms of manure per meter of land area.
For saplings, dig small holes 50 cm deep and 60 cm wide. It is better to plant shrubs at a distance of two meters from each other. This is done in order to develop an extensive root system. Now it is necessary to lower the seedling into the ground and cover it with fertilized earth on top. It is collected on top. Next, pour the earth near the seedling with a weak solution of potassium permanganate and compact with a shovel.
During the first year after planting, prickly Eleutherococcus saplings must be observed and cared for. Especially hard young plant tolerates frost, so it should be covered in winter. It is better to plant several bushes at once, since there is no guarantee that you will come across plants with flowers of different sexes. For the successful development of the shrub, its abundant flowering and fruiting, there must be plants with flowers of the different sex, which will enable them to further pollinate.
Cultivation of Eleutherococcus prickly from
seeds As for cultivation of Eleutherococcus from seeds, they must first be kept in wet sand for five months at a temperature of twenty degrees, and then for another three months at 0-4 ° C.In recent months, the seeds can be put in the refrigerator. It is best to pre-procedure to coincide with the onset of spring. And then the seeds need to be transplanted into the soil to a depth of three centimeters. As they rise slowly, only half will rise in the first year.
Before starting the procedure for planting seeds with Eleutherococcus, it is necessary to stratify them. Its meaning is that the seeds are placed for some time in a humid and cold environment. But this applies only to those who have poor germination, and this procedure provokes their growth.
Beautiful flowers on the shrub appear only four years after planting. Yellow delicate flowers bloom in the first half of summer, which will be a great addition to other ornamental shrubs area. Already in September, black fruits are formed in their place, which also look very impressive. But the plant does not require special care. The only thing that the bush needs is periodic removal of dried or damaged branches, watering and fertilizer with organic fertilizers.
Eleutherococcus spiny is an effective medicinal plant that can help in the development of physical and mental abilities, as well as get rid of many diseases. In addition, at minimal cost, this plant can be grown for its own use in its garden plot.