water heaterinstalled in an apartment, country house or in a private cottage. Selection and installation of the water heater is associated with the number of people living in the room.
The installation process itself is simple, but without experience it is problematic to make the installation qualitatively. Therefore, it is better to read the instructions, read tips and recommendations.
Generalized work plan for connecting the water heater
- Select the most suitable place in size and location. It is necessary to measure all the planes with a reserve for the heater.
- Find out the exact number of water intakes. Implied bathroom, sinks, showers and more. From the number of points depends on the power, the complexity of the connection process.
- Data on electrical wiring. It is better to know the cross section of the cable, its maximum load. The fact is that neglect of electricity in the house can lead to accidents. For greater confidence, invite an electrician for consultation and find out exactly how to connect the water heater, whether it is possible to connect a heater of the declared power. If a specialist says that the voltage is weak, then you need to “throw” a new cable individually.
- The quality of the supplied fluid. The water entering the boiler’s tanks should ideally be filtered out. If the water quality is low, it is better to install primitive filter elements in the system to preserve the working surfaces of the heater.
- Find out for yourself which heater is better: with a storage system or a flow one. Moreover, the size and manufacturer will also play a role.
- It is necessary to choose not only between models, the type of device will also make you think about the choice. It is necessary to determine between the wall, floor, vertical or horizontal type.
- The device should be fastened as tightly as possible to the surface. Correctly if it does not move when touched, and moving it in different directions is strictly prohibited by safety.
- The water heating system must be completely sealed.
- Low quality hoses are not recommended for liner connections. The optimal material for such elements is steel, copper, metal-plastic or plastic.
- The first launch and further use strictly in the presence of liquid in the riser or plumbing.
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How to install an
electric storage heater For those who decide to do this work on their own advice! Under no problem situations do not install the vertical device in a horizontal position and vice versa!
It is more convenient and correct to connect the storage water heater as follows:
- Preliminary assessment of the place for installation.
- A room with a small area, as a rule, does not have a large space for household appliances. Connecting the water heater to the water supply in the apartment, in this case, perform in hidden niches or sanitary cabinets.
- Equipment with a volume of up to 200 liters can be mounted type. Strictly on the floor set devices with large volume, otherwise inevitable break.
- Water heater from 50 to 100 liters is better to fix to the supporting wall. For fastening use an anchor bolt. Such fasteners must be purchased additionally, because they are not included in the kit. In no case can you save money on an expensive device. The more brackets will be fixed for the heater, the more reliable the process of operation from year to year. For models of mounted type in 100 and more liters there must be at least 4 brackets.
- If it is decided to put the device in an inaccessible place, then think over the service in advance. The model of poor quality will often have to be repaired, and it is not comfortable to perform in hard-to-reach places.
Safety valve installed necessarily. It will save the system from mechanical damage and excessive pressure. The principle of operation is simple - excess water is removed at elevated pressure. In other words, the water is discharged to the working pressure of the system.
How to turn on an already installed
heater. So, there is a need to use a storage water heater. It is necessary to perform the following actions:
- Shut off the hot water valve installed on the riser. If this is not done, the water treated by the device will flow into the general water supply system. When closing the valve, a specific sound confirming the blocking will be heard.
- Next, open the valves in the water heater. First comes with cold water, then open the faucet that supplies water from the boiler to the drainage system.
- After these manipulations turn on the device in the network. Popular models of boilers and water heaters will automatically begin their work with proper water supply.
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Sequence in the diagram:
Doubtful actions or opening of taps not according to the instruction is better not to perform if you are not sure or encounter a home appliance for the first time. Sometimes it is cheaper to call the master even to turn on 3 cranes and start the device, than to pay for repairs after leaks.
How to connect a storage water heater in the country
Installation of heating elements in the country implies a low pressure water supply system in the system. Unfortunately, without pressure in several atmospheres it is impossible to carry out the connection and operation of the storage water heater by the classical method. There is a valid approach for this situation.
Boiler tanks are filled with water thanks to a tank that is already installed separately from the water heater. Using a check valve in such a scheme is impossible.
Additional capacity is selected by volume. It should be several times the volume of the tank or heater tanks. The pressure vessel must not be closed( vacuum).Simply put, it is necessary to drill holes in it.
It is more practical to provide such a tank or tank with a float valve to regulate the water level.
The connection from the tank to the boiler must be equipped with a valve or tap.
The pressure generating tank is most often installed in the attic. The main condition for the operation of the system with an additional tank is the location of the tank for pressure above 2 meters from the boiler.
When installing a water heating element in a country house or in a house for periodic living, before the onset of cold weather, you will need to drain the tanks!
Connection diagram of the heater to the network
Any water heater is demanding on the electrical network. We are talking about the cross section of the cable, namely the copper conductor wires. Its thickness should start at 2.5 millimeters.
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A quality network connection is not possible without a fuse or safety device. Any model of the heater must be equipped with a RCD device( residual current device).
The classic way to connect to the network - plugging into the nearest outlet. It is important to establish grounding. For this, a three-pole socket with a moisture-proof function is used.
The classic method is suitable for water heaters with low power. Powerful models are not designed for this method. They will at least heat the outlet.
Systematic heating of the outlet will lead to the weakening of contacts and the appearance of a spark. Sparks will ignite plastic sockets, breakage of the heating element, ignition of the power supply system.
Better to take care of safety in advance. To do this, you must bring the electrical cable of the desired cross section on an individual basis. In this case, the wire is mounted from the electrical panel to the boiler without additional sockets or branches.
Without plugs and sockets, disconnection is possible only through an automation device. Although the main function of the machine - safety and safe use of the water heater.
In case there is no fuse in the kit, then you need to purchase an instrument with a calculated sensitivity level. If you install a fuse with low sensitivity, then a permanent unreasonable shutdown of the boiler cannot be avoided.
For powerful water heaters set fuses for 16 amps.
We recommend watching the video on how to install the water heater with your own hands:
In the process of acquiring the right water heater, it is better to decide in advance how further installation will occur. When installing their own hands in any case, you can not ignore safety. If you have any doubts, it is better not to save money, but to call experienced specialists.
Installation instructions storage water heater - video