Pomegranate Rowan is a healthy berry, with properties that almost all gardeners and gardeners are familiar with. She has beautiful ornamental plants, and her berries have a high level of beneficial substances .Therefore, it is imperative to plant this variety of berries in my plot, so that it pleases not only with its beautiful view, but also with its high useful yields, and the description of this berry can be found below.
- History selection
- grade Description rowan Grenade
- Features wood
- fruits Description
- Advantages and disadvantages
- landing Features
- watering and hoeing
- Features trimming
- fertilizer Features
- Diseases andpests
selection The first to start breeding mountain ash is I. V. Michurin. Back in 1925, he made the pollination of flowers of Siberian hawthorn or hawthorn with blood-red pollen of mountain ash. As a result, he received quite high quality planting material.
Description of the Rowan Variety Grenade
Characteristics of the Tree
The Rowan Pomegranate has a fairly high tree with spreading branches. The height of the tree can reach up to 4 meters. The standard of living is usually between 20 and 25 years.
The main characteristics of the tree:
- The crown of the tree is wide, dense;
- shoots take root easily, they easily withstand frost and strong heat;
- The leaves of the have a decorative appearance. The size of the leaves is large, the color is dark green. Possess a regular, pinnate structure. The composition of the leaves includes 9-11 leaflets oblong;
- The size of the leaf length is approximately 12 cm, the size of the width - 6 cm;
- The trees have with the mocha root system , the root structure is well developed.
In the period of flowering white flowers appear on the tree. The size of the flowers is small. They are collected in bunches of corymbose inflorescences of 100 pieces each.
The mature fruits of young trees are arranged in large numbers on the basis of the fruit twigs .In adult plants, fruits grow on kolchatka, the life expectancy of which is not more than 5 years.
Description of the fruits
The main qualities of the fruits:
- The ripe fruits of the rowan are in the form of an ball with a faceted structure;
- Coloring berries with a maroon-red shade , which has a gray patina;
- is present inside the berries; the flesh is yellow with with a juicy structure;
- Berry has sour taste with a sweet taste, in addition there may be a slight tartness;
- The weight of one mature fruit is from 1.2 to 1.6 grams.
The yield of Garnet rowan is quite high. Usually from one tree collect almost 18-20 kilograms of good berries with large sizes. The harvest depends on the proper care of the plant - watering, weeding, fertilizer.
A variety of mountain ash Garnet belongs to the varietal varieties. Fruiting begins at 4 years after planting seedlings. Trees have high yields.
During the storage of berries in a dry cool room, the longest period of laying is almost 5 months. Fresh berries can be dried, frozen .In addition, one can prepare various blanks for the winter.
Grape Mountain Rowan belongs to self-fruiting varieties. Still, many gardeners recommend using the cross-pollination method to improve crop levels. Usually for the cross-pollination method varieties of mountain ash are used, such as Dessert, Vefed, Sorbinka.
The advantages and disadvantages of
Before planting a mountain ash variety Garnet, it is worth exploring its positive qualities. In addition to the valuable qualities of this class, there are also negative aspects of , which should also be noted.
- The variety is able to withstand strong frosts , so it can be planted in the northern regions of Russia;
- High yield , up to 2 large buckets of ripe fruit can be removed from one tree per season;
- Rowan Pomegranate belongs to the self-fruiting varieties, so no additional pollinators will be planted during planting. Still, many gardeners recommend planting pollinators for cross-pollination to increase yields;
- Mature fruits have large sizes ;
- Good taste without bitterness;
- Berries can be stored for a long time.
Negative qualities include the following disadvantages:
- Short Service Juice. On average, the Pomegranate mountain ash tree lives from 20 to 25 years;
- Average resistance to against the effects of harmful insects and diseases .
Features of planting
For planting this variety, you can use drained sod and sod-weakly podzolic loamy soil. On this soil, trees grow best and are faster accepted.
The autumn season is considered the most suitable season for planting mountain ash. It is also allowed to land in the spring, but the main thing is to produce it before the bud break. In addition, for planting is to choose a sunny place with a good flow of sunlight. In dark places, mountain ash will give low yields with poor quality.
How to plant:
- The first thing is digging an pit for planting;
- The diameter of the future hole should be 1 meter , the depth should be about half a meter;
- The bottom layer of the soil is necessary to mix with 20 kilograms of humus, 400 grams of superphosphate, 200-300 grams of potassium sulphate;
- To deepen the neck of the of the radical type to the ground should be 4-5 cm;
- After this, seedling must be watered with with plenty of water, at least 2 buckets;
- Mulching of is carried out with a layer of at least 8-10 cm;
- Compost mixed with wood ash can be used for loosening.
Watering and loosening
Rowan Pomegranate loves to grow on moist ground, but does not tolerate strong water stagnation. In the absence of precipitation rowan should be watered three times. Watering is done according to the following scheme:
- The first watering of the is performed at the beginning of the growing season;
- scheme. The next is watered approximately 17-21 days before harvest;
- The last watering of the takes place approximately 21-28 days after harvest.
It is imperative that you loosen the ground well after each watering, this will allow you to retain the right amount of water in the soil. In addition, loosening the soil is recommended during the early spring and autumn , in preparation for the winter. It is recommended to dig up the earth no deeper than 15 cm in order not to harm the roots.