The onion family has about 600 species. More than 200 grow with us. The number of varieties is increasing due to the cultivation of wild species. Homeowners, summer cottages grow perennial onion crops. Batun, shnitt, slizun, shallot, fragrant, oblique, multi-tiered - this is the name of the most popular vegetable varieties. With thin feathers, wide, long, sweet and bitter. They have early greens softer feathers onions. It has a high content of vitamins, minerals. Caring for these varieties is simpler since sowing is done once every three to five years. It is worth considering the top 5 most popular bows.
- Variety of varieties of perennial onions, giving greens
- Batun as a type of perennial
- Wide flat feathers
The variety of perennial onion yielding green
Shallots( forty-shrub) is similar to the onion method of reproduction. Batun grown for greenery. At one place grows 5-7 years. Chives are similar, but there are features. It is desirable to change the site every 2-3 years. A feature of the multi-tiered onion is the formation of onion bulbs in 3-4 tiers. Slizun( drooping) less acute, useful for anemia.
Batun as a type of perennial
Onions batun most common among perennials. He has large, dark green leaves. Externally, like the bulb, but the taste is more spicy. Only feathers go to food, heads are absent. There are several varieties of batun. Differences are manifested in branching, foliage, precocity, frost resistance. All varieties begin to grow as soon as the snow melts.
Propagated by this type of seed and division of the bush. Seeds are sown in late autumn, early spring, at the end of summer. Sub-winter and spring sowing yields at the end of July, August. In the summer - in the fall, a few feathers appear, in the spring the leaves quickly produce marketable products.
When vegetatively propagated, plants are planted in the fall from mid-September to the second half of October or early spring. The rhizome is divided into parts of 2-3 plants, prune the roots to 3-4 cm, cut the leaves to 5-8 cm. When planting, do not cover the growth point with the ground.
Slizun with wide flat feathers
Onions-slizun - perennial plant resistant to frost. On one site grows more than five years. Feathers are flat, fragile. It differs from others in a gentle, mild taste. Greens do not lose their taste for a long time, it is used in food before the start of bolting.
The root system is located at a depth of 20 centimeters. The plant loves moisture, grows well when watering the sown area. Undemanding to the light. It grows in poorly lit places.
Propagated by seed and vegetatively. Planting, care, replanting are similar to a batun bow. Sowing the seeds in July, the crop is harvested in the third week of April. Feathers are ready for use two to three weeks after the land thaws.
This is one of the most frost-resistant herbaceous plants. On one site grows up to seven years. Eat green mass, basal and large air bulbs, which are formed in 2-4 tiers instead of inflorescences. Due to the lack of a rest period, disembarkation is carried out all year round. Greens appear a month after planting in the ground.
Reproduction is carried out by dividing the uterine bulb or aerial bulbs. A uterine area is required for planting material. The area of two square meters is enough to provide air bulbs in the required quantity. For larger bulbs, a multi-layered species grown from planting.
For discharging the greenery on the windowsill use air heads. After harvesting, they are dried, placed in a cool, dry place. So the onions will not dry out before planting.20 days after disembarkation, the leaves in the kitchen will grow up to half a meter tall.
The chives are somewhat similar to a batun. Planting method, biological requirements. External difference is determined by narrower, stronger leaves. Cut feathers do not fall apart, remaining in bundles. The presentation is better, during transportation almost not damaged.
When grown on one plot of three years, the yield decreases, the leaves become shallow, powerful turf is formed. Can be used for growing greens in winter. In the fall, rhizomes are dug, stored in cellars for at least a month, planted in pots with fertile soil. Put in a warm place, watered. After three weeks, the leaves grow back. From one plant you can harvest three times.
This variety is also grown as an ornamental plant. Planted in flower beds, around the tracks, for decorating lawns, used as a border plant. A year later, flowering arrows with spherical umbrellas are formed. Shades of them from pink to purple. Flowering plants look like wonderful, colorful carpets.
Shallots are a variety of bulb. Small bulbs, ripen two decades earlier turnips. The taste is not as sharp as onions. Greens are tender, erect, feathers are 3-4 times more than the turnip. Grow more often for green mass. The bulbs are used less frequently due to the fact that they are small and consist of several cloves. From here one more name - a forty-toothed dog.
For landing, the heads are divided into teeth or planted entirely. Then a bunch of greenery will be more. Seed less often sown. In the first year small onions of 3 - 5 cloves are formed. On the second - large bulbs. Some of them form arrows, inflorescences and give seeds.
Shallot has a long dormant period. Before landing, the head must be cut by the hanger. Warm up for 3 hours in hot water at a temperature of 45 degrees.
How to care for onion perennials?
Onion crops belong to the same family .To avoid damage by pests and diseases, they can not be grown in one area. Basic care is reduced to watering, loosening, weeding, fertilization.
Under good weather conditions, the onions are watered four times per season. In dry weather - every decade and a half. After watering the soil loosened. The first deep loosening is carried out in the spring. This has a beneficial effect on the growth of roots and leaves. Together with irrigation they make mineral fertilizers. Weed as needed.
The value of perennial bows is due to the ability to grow a green feather, using forcing, throughout the entire non-season period.