Shetana - the so-called one of the varieties of sevka, successfully grown in almost any garden. It is popular because of its high yield, excellent taste, excellent preservation during the winter period .In order to successfully grow this vegetable and get high yields, it is necessary to have the technological features of its cultivation from the moment of planting until the harvest. The description and characteristics of this variety of onions are given below.
- Contents Description and characteristics of onion varieties Sheth
- landing time landing
- for onion Care after planting
- diseases and their prevention
- Harvesting and storage
Description and characteristics of onion varieties Sheth
Vegetable Middle-considered. With the use of seeds, the growing season is up to three months, the use of seeding will allow you to harvest a little earlier than .The appearance of the Shetan variety is due to Czech selection specialists.
Onions are distinguished by rounded shapes, medium density of pulp. It weighs about forty - fifty grams, if grown from seeds. Sevok allows the bulb to gain weight twice as much. Scales are colored straw yellow.
It tastes semi-sharp, it is recommended to use a variety of dishes and preserves.
The yield level depends on the climatic conditions in which the onions are grown .Central regions of Russia allow to collect from one to fifty hectares from fifty to sixty centners of vegetables. Other districts give out two hundred - two hundred and fifty centners.
Winter vegetable, has a good maturity, high keeping quality. If storage is organized according to all requirements, then almost ninety percent of the crop can retain product appearance until the spring season. Shetan's
perfectly resists rot with Fusarium , but can be affected by peronospora.
Time for planting
This onion variety can be planted in spring and autumn. In the first case, sowing is done after the soil has warmed up sufficiently well so that the onions are not exposed to late night frosts. Autumn sowing is considered more efficient; it is performed several weeks before the first frost of .Planting material has time to take root, does not germinate. Shetana's
This feature must be considered when choosing a place to land. Otherwise, growth will slow, taste differences worsen.
landing When choosing a site for sowing onions, it is necessary to take into account that the ground should be loamy and loose, well lit. At an increased level of acidity, lime should be added to the soil.
It will be better if the predecessors are legumes or solanaceous crops. Refrain to plant sevka on the former beds of garlic, asparagus or cucumbers. A good solution would be to place carrots in the neighborhood, which will scare away many harmful parasites with its leafs.
Planting material is moved. For sowing medium sized onions are determined, even, with no visible damage and no signs of decay. .They are heated during the day.
Onion seeds must be soaked in warm water, dried. Planted immediately in the ground at the end of April or in early May.
Onion care after planting
You will have to arrange care for the bow. The soil needs to be loosened before the first shoots of appear. This will prevent the appearance of a crust on the surface of the earth, which will accelerate germination. After that, this procedure is performed every two to three weeks. At the same time, weed removal is carried out.
Fertilizing components must be applied before planting and during the whole growing season. At the time of digging the beds, it is necessary to add organic matter, for which the litter of chickens, the mullein can be used. The first feeding with organic substances dissolved in water is done when the seedlings appear. The second time you need to feed the plants when the height of the foliage reaches fifteen centimeters. It uses a mineral composition that has a lot of nitrogen. Potassium compounds are added at the time of increasing the onion mass.
Watering is carried out at intervals twice a month. stops completely three to four weeks before harvest.
Diseases and their prevention
Onion variety is excellent against fusarium rot, but suffers from ( downy mildew).The disease appears as a gray bloom on the re and vegetative area of the plant. At the initial stage, yellowish spots are formed, then spores of a grayish-purple hue appear. The raid is especially noticeable in the morning when dew falls. Such a fungal disease is considered active, strongly manifested in the wet season.
As a preventive measure, onions are planted on well-lit beds, rows are formed correctly, and the plantings do not have thickened areas. After harvesting, the beds are completely dug up, this place for planting onions is planned in three to four years. At this time, it is recommended to plant on such beds:
In the case when plants are affected by the fungus , it is necessary to reduce watering, not to use nitrogen-containing components for fertilizer, replacing them with potash or phosphorus. In addition, spraying is organized, for which Bordeaux one percent liquid or Polycarbacin is used. True, this treatment will lead to the fact that the feather in the food will become unusable, but the bulbs will be saved.
Harvesting and storage rules
Fully ripened crops need to be dug and dried in the open air. After that, the onion is moved and laid in the repository. The room should be well ventilated, the temperature of the air in it is fifteen to twenty degrees of heat .Observing all the conditions, onions can be maintained until the new harvest.
Onion variety shetana has an excellent yield, can be grown in any part of the country. At the same time, he does not mean special skills and hard work. The main condition is the correct choice of the site, the timely removal of weeds , prepared place for storing crops.