Sometimes in May there is a desire to eat some fresh green onions. But it’s so customary that the vegetable is planted in the spring season, so there’s no such possibility. Recently, is gaining popularity in growing onions from the set. Planting is carried out in the autumn season of on fertilized beds that have already been prepared. This article will look at how to plant a bow right before winter, and what care is needed in spring.
Table of contents:
- suitable for planting under the winter
Onions are quite capricious .When the weather is dry and hot, the root crop starts throwing arrows out. When the weather is too wet, the root crop rots.
But when landing in winter, these problems can be avoided. In the second month of summer you will have a real big harvest of onions.
However, , only some varieties of onions are planted in the fall season .Therefore, your choice should be made in favor of those subspecies that are highly resistant to cold.Onion varieties that love warmly should not be planted under the snow. The reason is that at the first frost, the additives will freeze and die in the cooled soil.
Pay attention to the varieties that can be planted in the fall:
Let's take a closer look at some of them:
This species is known for quickly spicing. Usually the weight of a single bulb is 0.1 kg. The flesh of the root is white and very juicy, having a sweetish aftertaste. The harvest is not stored for long.
Spices this winter variety at medium speed. The shelf life is long. Differs in excellent taste and a rich harvest. The size of large fruits can vary in the range of 0.15 kg - 0.3 kg.
Spices this variety with medium speed. The color of the bulbs is red with a dark shade, the shape is slightly flattened. The flesh of the fruit is purple and juicy.
This variety is not afraid of a fungus. No storage problems. It is possible to grow up this grade both on a feather, and on a turnip. Bulb size is from 0.05 kg to 0.1 kg.
When it is desirable to plant: dates
Usually choose the second month of autumn, the period from the 5th to the 20th day of the , to plant onions. The time for each locality is different, and the weather is the first and determining factor.
Consider the temperature of the soil cover. When the temperature is below + 5 ° C, it is worthwhile to start landing .Then the bow will be able to spend the winter, and at the onset of the warm season, it will begin to emerge.
When planting a crop, carefully approach the choice of location, it must be open to the wind, and so that there is no moisture.
Preparing the soil for sowing: how to feed the future crop
For planting use:
- bulbs in the amount of 10 mm - overswept;
- bulbs in the size of 10 mm - 30 mm - sets;
- bulbs that are more than 30 mm - onion selection.
When only greens are the target, the onion is good to use. Because large bulbs usually go to the arrow. Before planting the crop before winter, sort it out.Experienced gardeners give advice to use sevok or osyuzhku. They are small in size, but will be able to give large fruits.
For guaranteed success you need to make the right choice of site. An excellent type of soil is the soil with sand and humus content, and the clay soil will work well.
Excellent when the site is located in the south, south-west, and is protected from the wind .Choose a fertile soil, because onions have a weak root system.
Well dig up the humus with the soil cover at a rate of 5.5 kg per 1 m²; also add potassium salt( 11–16 g per 1 m²) and superphosphate( 21–26 g per 1 m²) as mineral fertilizers.
Distribute the ash at the place of planting, calculating how much you will need to feed the culture, if you need 10 g per m², and only then begin sowing the crop.
How to plant onions correctly in winter, suitable varieties:
Planting vegetables in autumn
The surface of the ground where the vegetable is planted must be flat and compacted. After it is necessary to make small furrows, the depth of which is not more than 50 mm, separated from each other by 150-200 mm.
Place small bulbs of the seedlings in the furrows of the , observing the interval from 50 mm to 70 mm. Overlay on the ground is not wet, tamping loosely.
There is no need to water the onions planted in the fall .If there is no precipitation, then after about 10 days you can give moisture to the ground. When frost occurs, urgent action is needed.
Mulch the soil with with fallen leaves that are not damp, needles of pine, cover the branches firmly. If winter is predicted without snow, but with cold weather, a film can be applied.
Autumn Planting Tips
Consider some useful tips when planting a crop in the autumn season. The following should be remembered:
- Avoid areas of , where garlic, beetroot, and carrots used to grow.
- The landing site should be dry, do not plant where there is a possibility of stagnation of melt water, water from rain.
- Process forging. There are two options. The first method involves wiping the bulb with potassium permanganate. The second method involves lowering the tuber into boiling water for a couple of seconds. Due to this, your bow will be protected from the effects of the fungus and the shooting arrows in the summer.
- Excellent height and width for the beds will be 200 mm and 1000 mm, respectively.
- When the spring comes, care is required. Get rid of the protective coating, remove the snow from the beds. Urea is suitable as a soil fertilizer. Break through the beds, but carefully.
- When forming tubers, make a liquid top-dressing of plants with fertilizers. It is desirable that the fertilizer contains sodium and phosphorus.
- In order to avoid possible pests, lay out wormwood or tansy at the landing site.
- Watering should be done between May and the 15th day of the first month of summer.
Spring care for the seedlings
Greens will start to grow as early as early spring .When the leaves are dead, the root cover has become a shade inherent in this variety, you can learn about the end of the bulb formation process.
Harvest can be started 14-21 earlier than usual .At the same time, he is also richer. Fruits should be taken out of the ground carefully. Need to dry them.Now you can plant other vegetable crops( carrots, turnips, radishes, beets, greens) on the empty beds.
If you have not tried to plant onions before winter, then it is time to do this .Following the above tips, try planting a vegetable in the fall. You will be pleasantly surprised by a good harvest!