Fascinating and profitable occupation is breeding and keeping domestic chickens. But they may have pathologies and diseases for which prevention can be carried out. If still has symptoms of , then the diagnosis should be correctly made and surgical treatment should be started.
The table of contentsColibacteriosis
Symptoms of chicken diseases
Sneezing of chickens
May be a symptom of viral infection( infectious rhinitis, tuberculosis, cold, infectious bronchitis, mycoplasmosis).Symptoms are treated by warming chicken coops, watering birds with a decoction of nettle, and inhalations. Infectious chicken bronchitis is eliminated with disinfectants( aluminum iodide, Glutek aerosol, Lugol solution, chlorine cypidar).Antibiotics are also used.
Can occur when is infected with worms, so you should be given a cure for parasites. If the birds have no worms, then carry out preventive therapy. Cough can be a symptom of hypothermia, infectious bronchitis, bronchopneumonia, mycoplasmosis, colibacillosis. In addition to bronchitis, cough may indicate other pathologies. Often, coughing occurs when new individuals are infected that are infected. Treatment methods - nettle decoction or inhalation with drugs. Assign tetracycline, furazalidone, which is added to drinking water.
Rattles are uncharacteristic for breathing of healthy chickens. Often they occur with colds and bronchial diseases( bronchopneumonia, infectious bronchitis), colibacteriosis. The hen is breathing heavily, wet and dry rales appear in the region of the sternum.
Birds diarrhea in
May occur as a result of a cold, poor quality food, gastritis, stress, pulllose, worms, coccidiosis, pasteurellosis, salmonellosis, bird flu. It is possible for the hens to have a nervous breakdown when frightened, changing their surroundings and can pass in a day. If the bird began to cough with colds due to hypothermia, it is transferred to a warm room. Low-quality feed is excluded. In order to treat ailments of , the diagnosis should be accurately determined, self-medication should not be prescribed.
Runny Nose runny nose can cause as a result of defeat by pathogenic fungi, bacteria, worms, coccidiosis and other serious pathologies( infectious bronchitis, smallpox, fodder diphtheria). The reason for the appearance of pathology can be a lack of vitamin A, a change in diet, a change in temperature, poor ventilation.
Diseases of the feet of chickens: growths on the legs, lameness, and other
There are many causes of leg disease in chickens. With the wrong content, lack of space, reduced mobility, because of which the locomotor system is disturbed and chickens begin to limp. Pathology of the legs includes gout, curvature of the fingers, joint disease( tendovanginitis, arthritis and arthrosis), knemidocoptosis. Also a symptom may be a sign of salmonellosis.
Why chickens can become blind
A bird can become blind as a result of sinusitis, panophthalmitis, conjunctivitis inflammation. To eliminate this symptom, antibiotic treatment is prescribed.
Infectious diseases, signs and treatments for
Many bird diseases are easier to prevent than to cure. Why chickens can still get sick? It is recommended to create suitable conditions for chickens with optimal care. They are provided with the correct temperature and light conditions, timely food, and hygiene of the chicken coop. But even in excellent conditions of detention there is no absolute protection against the appearance of pathologies. Most infections develop as a result of stress, lack of movement, metabolic disturbances and daily regimen. The health of chickens is also subject to change under the change of climate zone.
To maintain health and prevent infections, the chicken coop must be kept clean and its own hygiene must be monitored. It is important to correctly identify the symptoms of diseases for the correct treatment of infections.
Pathology is manifested in adults and young birds, manifested by disorder of the gastrointestinal tract. The bacteria that cause the infection are transmitted by airborne droplets from infected eggs and diseased individuals. is manifested by profuse diarrhea, great thirst, lack of appetite, general weakness and frequent breathing. Pullor antigen is used to determine the disease. When the pathogen is precisely determined, antibiotics ( neomycin, biomitsin) and isolation from healthy individuals are prescribed.
Manifested in young and adult individuals in the form of heat, thirst and lethargy. Infections affect the airways of , resulting in wheezing that will increase with movement. But pathology is not always detected by wheezing, expert help may be required. The causative agent is Escherichia coli , which affects internal organs.
After the diagnosis is determined, treatment is prescribed - penicillin, biomycin or terramycin is administered, multivitamins are added to the feed, only nutritious and fresh grain is recommended.
Pathology manifests itself in wild and domestic birds. The pathogen for a long time can be in feed, water, manure, transmitted to healthy individuals from infected. Prevention - do regular cleaning and disinfection of the house.
Symptom pathology is blueing of the scallop and earrings, lethargy, lack of appetite, thirst, disorder of digestive functions, high temperature and the formation of mucus in the nose. With the acute form of the pathology , swelling or curvature of the joints of the paws may appear.
The basis of treatment includes using sulphonamide products and adding them to feed, water. Also birds are given vitamins E, B, A and fresh greens. With no treatment, the livestock dies.
In general, is manifested in young in the form of conjunctivitis, lameness, shortness of breath, and high tearing. When an disease is running, chickens fall on their side and die. It is necessary not to postpone treatment with antibiotics( sulfonamide, chlortetracycline, chloramphenicol), adding small dosages to the feed for about 2 weeks.
Newcastle Disease( pseudo-puss)
Pathology is characterized by acute impairment of the functions of the nervous system and digestive organs. It is transmitted from birds and animals that previously suffered from , through their water, feed and droppings, is not treatable. After the defeat of the birds, their death is observed, which can destroy all individuals.
More often affects young birds, is manifested by smallpox growths on the skin in the area of the cloaca or head .At first they have a yellow tint, but gradually darken. In the absence of immediate treatment, growths can coalesce, increasing in size. They begin to bleed, harden and dry.
Helminthic parasites in birds, how to treat
Worms ( helminthic parasites) exist and are fed by the carrier. Almost all diseases of birds are associated with worms, since everywhere there are their larvae. The main symptoms of pathology include weakness, indigestion, lack of appetite and a strong loss of body weight. Treatment of helminths is similar to the use of preventive measures. At the same time in the house they bring cleanliness, choose high-quality and fresh food, special preparations.
Non-infectious diseases, home treatment methods
Sometimes poultry can be exposed to diseases that are not contagious. But there is no less harm from them than with infection. They do not have a specific pathogen and are mainly interrelated with inappropriate care of chickens, the wrong choice of feed, mechanical damage, and injuries.
Goiter Atonia in
layers. Pathology is manifested only in layers, caused by an irregular or unbalanced diet, poor quality of compounds that can accumulate in the goiter, forming an obstruction. The disease is easily determined by palpation of the goiter, which hangs for a long time and is dense. In the absence of immediate assistance, the chicken instantly and sharply dies , as the goiter obstructs the jugular vein and respiratory tract.
One of the methods of treatment is the use of the probe , into which a couple of milliliters of vegetable oil is dropped, a solid goiter is massaged and turned upside down, gradually removing the contents. After the procedure it is advisable to pour a solution of potassium permanganate into the goiter.
Gastroenteritis( intestinal flu)
Manifested as a result of feeding low-quality feed, late feeding .With the appearance of the pathology in birds appears weakness, indigestion and loss of appetite. For the prevention and treatment of the disease, they eliminate the causes; fast-digestible food, laxatives and antibiotics are introduced into the diet.
This is a simple indigestion that occurs in young individuals that are 21 days old. The reason for the violation is the use of coarse and poorly digestible food, poor quality and polluted water. It can be acute and chronic, characterized by high fever, lack of appetite, abdominal distension, cramps and diarrhea. Eliminate the pathology of a diet with products that do not lead to rotting and fermentation.
The disease is manifested in individuals who feed on foods with a lack of vitamins and mineral salts. Provocateur for the development of pathology is inappropriate keeping of birds. From cloacitis often sick layers, which suffer from a decrease in mass, number of eggs, intestinal upset. When treating the hen, it is necessary to separate the herd from the herd, wash the inflamed zones of the cloaca with a solution of rivanol, smearing it with a special compound.
Bronchopneumonia or inflammation of the lungs
Appears with a disorder in the care of chickens. Pathology manifests itself in young individuals under the age of 20 weeks with hypothermia. Symptoms are low mobility, wheezing and loss of appetite. For treatment, antibiotics are used in individual dosages.
Keratoconjunctivitis - an eye disease, how to cure
The disease affects a bird contained in sheds, where lacks timely cleaning of litter and cleaning .Fresh litter is a source of ammonia, which fumes penetrate the bronchial passages and cause eye inflammation. Pathology can be identified by wet, dirty plumage, watery eyes, yellow clusters on the eyelids. When the pathogen is eliminated, the sheds clear the droppings and treat the eyes with chamomile decoction.
Often the disease manifests itself in layers in cages, for the feeding of which mixtures are used. Symptoms of vitamin deficiencies are weight loss, conjunctivitis, loss of feathers, weakness.
Insect-causing diseases, what to do?
Diseases caused by insects , belong to a separate section. Due to the variety of symptoms, it is not possible to make a definite diagnosis, therefore the treatment of pathologies is difficult.
- Pukhoedy, peroedy .Parasites damage feather rods, leaving small holes in them, so chickens begin to itch and shed. Aerosol treatment and wood ash are used to treat the pathogen.
- Fleas .If fleas appear in nests, then the hens become restless, unwilling to sit on the clutches. It should be insecticidal treatment of the chicken coop, regularly change the litter.
- Pliers .The symptom of their appearance is the loss of feathers. It is impossible to fight ticks and chickens should be killed.
- Lice or bugs .Parasites live in nests, chicken coops and the bodies of birds, feeding on their blood. To eliminate insects , poultry houses are regularly treated with chlorophos, karbofos.
- Chickens may also be affected by ringworm, aspergillosis.
If you do not want to lose chickens, then you should periodically take preventive measures, excluding sick individuals from healthy ones, destroying those who cannot be cured. Once every 30 days the house should be treated with disinfectants. Birds should be provided with proper care, a balanced diet.