Non-woven wallpaper at one time turned the idea of repair upside down. They have a lot of advantages and are easier to glue. With certain knowledge, the whole process can be done with your own hands, having achieved a good result, you only need to understand the technology. In this article, we will consider how to properly glue wallpapers and prepare walls for quality repairs.
The technology of gluing non-woven is not much different from paper and vinyl types of wallpaper. The basis of their gluing is similar, it requires preparation, accuracy and patience. At the same time, you need to know the nuances of working with them.
For high-quality gluing, a large number of auxiliary tools will be required. You can do without them, but with their use the gluing process will become easier and faster.
- Paint roller or brush.
- Knife or scissors.
- Capacity for glue.
- Long ruler.
- Capacity with water.
- Building level.
- Metal spatula of small width.
- Soft bristle brush for smoothing wallpapers.
- Tray and mesh to remove excess glue from the roller.
- Foam sponge and / or cotton towel.
- Rubber or plastic spatula with soft tip.
You can do without these items, but they will speed up the gluing process and allow you to achieve a higher quality of work. At the same time, it is difficult to get a good result on unprepared walls.
Marking and preparation of walls
It is important not to forget that they can not be glued to surfaces coated with oil paint. It is necessary first to sand the walls a little with sandpaper of medium caliber.
Acrylic paints do not interfere with sticking non-woven wallpaper. This type of painting does not need to be sanded, if the walls were pasted with other wallpapers, then they simply need to be removed. It is also necessary to clean the surface of dirt, cobwebs or accumulations of dust.
It is worth remembering that gluing non-woven fabrics requires a relatively uniform surface color. They shine a little, so if there was a color contrasting pattern on the walls, then it will be noticeable. The final step in the preparation is the application of a primer, although many do without this procedure. After that, it is recommended to switch to wall marking using a level.
It is necessary to draw a vertical at a distance of a meter from the corner. You can use a simple plumb line or a building level, and then draw a line. A distance of 1 meter is needed for a wide format of canvases, the use of narrower ones requires a different distance. You also need to consider the future gluing process: the width includes a few cm for fitting. If the wallpaper is butt, then it is necessary to draw a vertical line taking into account these extra centimeters.
When gluing non-woven fabrics with your own hands, it is important to remember that the height of the room can be unstable throughout the room. Even if you select a format that does not require fitting, you should not cut all the same length. First you need to measure the height of the walls in different parts of the room with a step of not more than 50 cm.
Particular attention when cutting deserve canvas with a large pattern. The larger the step, the higher the probability of error. For those who are engaged in gluing for the first time, it is recommended, if there is a large drawing, cut off each strip after the previous canvas has been placed on the wall. This will allow you to adjust the picture without the risk of damaging the wallpaper.
The least problematic in terms of cutting are paintings with a lack of a clear picture. After checking the height of the room, they can be immediately cut, marking their priority with a pencil. If the height error is 1-2 cm and it is planned to use a wide ceiling plinth, then length measurements are not required, this difference will subsequently close.
It is not possible to glue such canvases on the paste - they will begin to “slide” from the walls. The only exception is fiberboard: if glued to this material, then a mixture of PVA with a paste is quite suitable.
Correctly dilute the purchased glue according to the instructions. Granular glue of any manufacturer has dilution guidelines. It is usually required to pour the powder into a container with water in a thin stream, stirring the mixture intensively. It is not necessary to plant a large portion in advance - with prolonged standing, the adhesive loses its adhesive characteristics, which can lead to the departure of the canvases from the walls. Even the best glue should be bred on a new one, if the work is not completed in one day. In the worst case, the remaining mixture should be stored in the refrigerator and used as soon as possible.
How to stick it yourself? Wall pasting procedure
It is also always worth studying the information on the rolls themselves - sometimes they contain additional individual data on working with them. For example, it is possible to indicate a duplicate application of glue on both the wallpaper and the wall. In most cases, it is required to be applied only to the surface to be glued, leaving the canvas dry.
How to stick: technology
The whole process is divided into 3 stages:
- Glue application.
- Removal of creases and blisters.
After that, the wallpaper begins to stick on top, trying not to touch the wall with the bottom of the canvas. If DIY repair is carried out for the first time, it is better to call an assistant. He will keep the bottom of the strip, preventing him from sticking to the wall ahead of time.
For a good result, you need to smooth the wallpaper when gluing from top to bottom, trying to avoid wrinkles and air bubbles. If the bubbles remain, then you need to take a rubber spatula or a dry towel and direct them to the nearest edge of the canvas without strong pressure. You can also remove minor creases by gently smoothing them. Large creases require careful removal of the strip from the wall and re-bonding. This must be done right away.
A narrow metal spatula may be required to disconnect the canvas from the wall to remove wrinkles or to coat the edge of the wallpaper with glue if its quantity is insufficient or uneven. If glue has got on the front side, it is recommended to immediately remove it with a damp sponge. Only then can air bubbles be smoothed. Next, you can proceed to applying glue for the next piece of canvas and subsequent work.
Knowing the general technology for gluing this type of wallpaper does not always save you from mistakes. Often the work is of poor quality due to the poorly pasted front page. Errors are also possible when pasting the ceiling.
Front page sticker
The further result depends on the correct location of the first panel. Do not neglect the level or plumb line at least before sticking the first piece. It is recommended to start from the window or from the corner closest to it. Many use the window as a vertical line, but this does not guarantee that deviations will not be visible in the future.
The presence of a calibrated vertical of the first strip does not guarantee the maintenance of flatness when gluing overlap. In such cases, you need to regularly unscrew the new vertical and mark it on the wall. Experts recommend doing this for each new strip, but with a good eye, you can skip the canvas through one.
End-to-end sticker stickers do not imply such nuances for each piece. You need to unscrew the vertical of the first strip and then just continue to smoothly arrange the subsequent ones. But neither this option, nor the subsequent one will allow avoiding the fitting of the picture with its pronounced presence.
Fitting canvas and photo wallpaper on this basis
On modern wallpapers, manufacturers indicate the size of the fit step to combine the picture. The label indicates the number of centimeters embedded between the repeating elements of the picture. To combine the pattern, you need to shift the canvas up or down to cut off the next strip.
Photowall-paper is considered as more difficult kind of pasting. It doesn’t matter what basis they have - paper or non-woven, the gluing process itself requires at least minimal experience. They require the accuracy of combining the picture literally up to 1 mm, which is difficult to do when first working with rolled wall coverings. It is more correct and logical to first paste over the room with simple wallpaper, having arranged a training for yourself. It’s better to go on to gluing photo wallpaper, already having a small amount of skills.
Pasting the ceiling
If you decide to glue the wallpaper on the ceiling with your own hands, using rolled non-woven materials, then you need to remember about the correct docking and location of the paintings. There are only two rules:
- Joints parallel to sunlight.
- Cloths are located without overlap.
Such requirements have a logical justification - it is difficult to cut off the overlap qualitatively from the ceiling, and if it is not removed, it will be very noticeable. The same applies to the location of the paintings - the wallpaper should not be glued perpendicular to the window. The rest of the pasting of the ceiling differs little from the walls.
After finishing work, it is important to observe the correctness of drying - the wallpaper should dry for 24 hours with the windows and doors closed. Ignoring this requirement can lead to the appearance of bubbles, wrinkles and other deformation of the paintings.
If you set a goal, then learn how to glue such a wallpaper with your own hands is not difficult. Each person can do it himself. It is necessary to follow the recommendations and be careful in work. Then the result will be decent and without the involvement of highly paid specialists.
Video: the proper gluing of non-woven wallpaper with your own hands
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