The content of the article:
Rabbits are prone to a large number of infections, which are better to prevent than to deal with them. The main diseases of rabbits and their symptoms, and treatment should be known to any farmer in time to help animals. In addition, it is necessary to carry out preventive measures.
Prevention of diseases
Acquired in another farm rabbits need to be held in a separate cage for 3 weeks. If during this time there are no symptoms of any diseases, you can attach them to other animals. Regularly inspect small rabbits and adult animals before mating.
If a disease is suspected of spreading, the cells and feeders are disinfected with special chemical agents aimed at fighting specific pathogens. The metal parts are treated with a soldering lamp or boiling water.
The healthy rabbit is vigorous, has a good appetite, it has shiny hair, breathing is calm, and the eyes and ears are clean. If any deviations in his condition are noticeable, it is better to call the doctor right away. A sick rabbit is recommended to be slaughtered to prevent the spread of the disease.
The most common diseases of rabbits and their treatment
All rabbit diseases can be divided into two groups: non-contagious and infectious. The first group includes eating disorders. Such rabbit diseases, their symptoms and treatment have long been widely known. The causes of food disorders usually become poor-quality fodder in adults, or the transition to hard food in rabbits after maternal milk. The presence of the disease is determined by the absence of feces, too loose stool, bloating.
Rabbit in this case should be kept for about 12 hours on a starvation diet, and afterwards start feeding with a mixture of soft food and boiled potatoes. If the animal suffers from constipation, glauber, Carlsbad salt or castor oil is given inside by a teaspoon. In rabbits diarrhea is treated with a solution prepared from 2 liters of water and one tablet of syntomycin. They should be watered by animals in the morning and in the evening. A few days later, rabbit food diseases and their symptoms undergo such treatment.
Often, animals can get injured in a cage. All possible damages on the body of rabbits also apply to diseases of non-contagious origin. If the bruise is small, then a few days later it passes by itself. Cope with small wounds, which violate the integrity of the skin, you can, greasing them with iodine. Deep trauma in rabbits is difficult to cure, so these animals are usually immediately killed. Fractures of the legs arise if the animals enter them in the cracks in the cage. With such an injury, rabbits still live very long. Treating a fracture is unprofitable and expensive, so the animal is also killed.
It is necessary to protect rabbits in the cold, as they can frostbite the ears. If this happens, the animal should be placed in a warm room. Frozen areas are gently smeared with melted warm fat.
Like humans, as well as many other animals, rabbits are prone to heat and sunstroke. You can determine it by the following symptoms: the rabbit is motionless and lies on its side, the eyelids, mouth and nose are red, the breathing is quickened. Compress is able to cope with the effects of heat and sunstroke. The towel should be applied to the rabbit's head, constantly moistening it in cold water. If there are convulsive twitching of the limbs, the animal will not be able to cure. It remains to score.
Colds in rabbits develop if they are in draft for a long time or fall under rain. Animals sneeze, clear discharge from the nose. Rabbits need to be moved to a warm place, a few drops of a solution of furacilin are injected into the nose daily, for the preparation of which 1 g of the substance is diluted in 100 g of water. Even if rabbits have recovered from diseases of non-contagious origin, their meat can be used without restrictions. The situation is different in the case of infectious infections.
Infectious diseases of rabbits: symptoms and their treatment, photo
To know how and what to treat a sick animal, it is necessary to be able to recognize diseases.
Coccidiosis in rabbits
It is caused by parasitic protozoa - coccidia. Coccidiosis is dangerous because it causes damage to the liver and intestines. Pathogens get into the body through water, mother's milk and feed. The cause of coccidiosis is also a large number of rabbits in the cage, an unbalanced diet, a violation of sanitary and hygienic standards of nutrition. Symptoms of the disease are constipation, diarrhea, bloating, lack of appetite, ruffled coat on the abdomen, general weakness.
Cope with the disease can be, eliminating all the causes that provoked its development. In addition, it is often used according to the instruction of the preparation of bacoc-bacon for rabbits. This is the most effective tool, according to most experts, in the treatment of coccidiosis. It can also be used for poultry and ornamental animals.
The way of using the drug is determined by its concentration. Therefore, before using it, you should carefully read the instructions.
Another well-known drug is solicose for rabbits. The instruction for this preparation characterizes it as a means with a wide spectrum of action. Solikoks helps to cope with all kinds of causative agents of coccidiosis in rabbits. It fits well with other medicines and various supplements.
It is important that the solicoke is low-toxic, so it is safe to overdose.
Mikksomatoz in rabbits
This acute disease manifests itself in the form of tumors and gelatinous edema on the skin, redness of the eyelids and the auricles. Mikksomatosis usually causes death of animals. To avoid it, it should be vaccinated rabbits. In the distribution of myxomatosis, all livestock are divided into two groups. The first include infected individuals, which are immediately killed. All cells, dishes after them are recommended to be destroyed. The second group includes healthy individuals that are slaughtered for meat. Given that the treatment of myxomatosis is impossible, one can only prevent this disease through prevention.
Hemorrhagic disease of rabbits
The main areas affected by this disease are the liver and lungs of animals. It spreads very quickly, the duration of the incubation period is several hours. Rabbits may have seizures, nosebleeds, general weakness, fever. Infection occurs through a litter or feeder, which was used for a sick animal, with direct contact with the carrier of the disease. Treatment is not possible, but there is a special serum, with which you can protect rabbits for 2 hours. For this time it is necessary to set them off from sick animals.
Infection of the rabbits originates from the mother, with scales of the skin of a sick animal in adult individuals. The spread of ear mites is more active when the rabbits live in crowded places. Symptoms of the disease are clearly visible externally in the form of crusts on the inner surface of the ears. In addition, the rabbit actively scratches them, trying to get rid of these formations on the skin. Treatment of ear mites in rabbits is carried out with the help of regular treatment of the ears with a special mixture, which includes creolin, turpentine, kerosene and glycerin.