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Growing calibraro is a simple procedure with which even a child can cope. This plant has an attractive appearance. It is often found on the balconies of high-rise buildings as decoration. Planted in flower pots form green balls with bright and beautiful buds. What is Caliberao and how to care for it can be viewed in this article.
General information about the plant
Calibraroa is a large and magnificent bush consisting of a multitude of flowers and stems, which, interwoven, form a sphere. The size of the opened bud is about 3 cm in diameter. Initially, the favorite of millions was a purple hue. Now interest in culture only grows. New and new colors are being brought out and more and more people want to acquire such an ornament.
Therefore, you can meet:
- bright pink;
- brown and other tones.
Care for Calibrbraa is simple. To the flower was beautiful enough to observe some rules.
Until the 90s, calibraroa was called petunia. Scientists believed that these are different types of the same flower. However, according to the conducted studies it was proved that calibraroa differs from petunia even by DNA.
Calibraroa is called ampelnaya due to the fact that it can be planted in suspended flowerpots.This plant falls from the pot with a long shoot. The flower itself is very simple, looks like a bell. But, interestingly, the neck of the bud always differs from the petals in a shade - such is the feature of calibraro. Often, plant flowers are simple in form, but recently there are terry species that are somewhat larger in size than conventional ones. On the bush there will be less than simple ones. But in spite of this, the caliberbra does not cease to lose its appeal.
Growing calibraroa and outdoor care
Location location. The plant feels great not only in pots, but also in the open ground. An obligatory condition for the successful cultivation of a flower is the presence of a large amount of light. Culture loves the sun, reaches for it, however, a strong heat destructively affects the bush.
A good option for growing a flower is a veranda or a terrace.
Plant calibraho should be only on those sites that in the morning, bathe in the sun, and in the daytime - shaded. It is better not to keep the flower completely in the shade. The lack of sun can lead to tarnished buds and a short flowering period.
Irrigation. The plant likes systematic watering. If the land is irrigated correctly, then the bush will have a rich shade and constantly bloom. Water should only be used well-kept. If possible, it is better to collect the rainwater.
Proper cultivation and care for calibrahoea includes protecting the plant from strong and gusty winds. A lot depends on observing this condition. If you plant a bush in a windless place, then the plant will be the whole summer until the autumn colds please its unique inflorescences.
Features of growing at home
Calibraroa is grown in pendant boxes and baskets. For a full-fledged growth, one flower takes 2-3 kg of land. The bush should be provided with loose and light soil, preferably, weakly acidic or neutral.Watering should be permanent, but moderate. It is very easy to pour a flower and then it will disappear. You can spray the flower with water: these activities are popular with the plant and have a beneficial effect on its growth and reproduction.
If you cultivate calibraro on the balcony, you need to choose the south or south-east side. During the sunny peak, the flower should be protected, otherwise it may dry out. Not the best place for calibrracho breeding is the balcony of the last floor, to which the sun constantly gets, and where the wind wanders. In this case, it is recommended to bring the pot into the room at least at lunch time.
In the vegetative period, it is necessary to provide the flower with an active fertilizing so that as many seeds as possible can be ripened. It is best to choose fertilizers, which contain phosphorus and potassium, and add them once a week.
For better growth of the flower, it is recommended to periodically cut its stems.
In order to maintain the attractiveness of calibraro in winter, it is necessary to install fluorescent lamps near the vase. The devices need almost always be kept switched on above the flower. Calibraro is a rather delicate and delicate flower. If something heavy comes to the leaves or buds, they may die. First of all, it concerns the rain. Therefore, if the flowers grow on an open balcony, you can make a visor or canopy for them.
Pinching a flower and its wintering
Many people do not know how to correctly pinch the calibrahoa and why this procedure is needed. This event is designed to make the bush more voluminous and sprawling. Pinching is to cut off the upper cuttings and shoots of the flower. Thus, the plant will expand not upward, but in breadth. You can tear off unwanted processes with both hands and with the help of nail scissors. The main thing at this time is to be neat and do not trim excess. If everything is done right, the caliberbraa will become magnificent in a short time, and shoots will descend with a beautiful waterfall, forming an excellent decoration of your veranda.
Experts note that every year it is necessary to change almost all the soil in pots to ensure full growth and maturation of flowers. This is due to the fact that very little nutrients remain in the old soil.
Most of the popular varieties of calibraro are annual. Therefore, one can not worry about their wintering. However, experienced gardeners know that some species can be saved and the next year they will again be pleased with the usual colors. To ensure the proper wintering of the calibrracho, the pot with the bush that has finished flowering is put in a dark place and is practically not watered, nor is it fertilized. Can be slightly sprayed.
Thus, the plant is in a conserved form. In the spring, you need to get it and start courting exactly the same way as last year. It is important to provide the flower with enough daylight or artificial light, and then everything will go according to plan.
The main methods of reproduction of calibraroa
Cuttings of calibraro. At the end of August, it is necessary to cut off a few apices from the mother plant. Their length should be up to 5 cm. The bottom of the cuttings should be freed from the leaves, and then planted in the ground. To make the plant as soon as possible, it will be necessary to provide it with moist soil, and for a while to create greenhouse conditions. The easiest way to do this is with a plastic bottle: cover it with a stalk and open it once a day to allow the planting material to breathe. When the plant is taken (usually in 2 weeks), you can remove the plastic and carry out the same care as an adult bush.
Reproduction of calibraroa by means of seedlings. You can get new plants with the help of grains. In this case, first they grow seedlings, and only then the finished saplings are transplanted into the soil or pots. In order for the seedlings to be healthy, care must be taken to ensure sufficient soil moisture. For these purposes, you can plant the seedlings in a box, the top of which is covered with a film. The result is a greenhouse effect and flowers will grow much faster.
Preparation and planting of seeds
Experts argue that if you collect seeds and plant them in a pot, you will not always be able to grow a beautiful flower. Often on adult bushes, simple buds are formed that look like wild calibrrachas. The plant can bloom is not as numerous as its ancestor and have a different shade. Exceptions to the rules of course are: then the bush is the same size, volume and hue, as well as the mother.
If you still decide to try to grow calibrrao from seeds at home, then be patient. Initially, you need to hold the planting material in the liquid for a day, and then dry the seeds with a paper napkin. The capacity is small.Before planting calibrahoa, compost and peat must be added to the soil in advance, and before fertilizing the seeds, it must be saturated with mineral fertilizers. Voskhodov need to wait a long time, and not all seeds will bear fruit. To stimulate growth, you can use special fertilizers, as well as a weak solution of potassium permanganate. In addition, before planting seedlings in a pot or soil, you need to feed the crop several times with watering.
After the appearance of two full-leaf leaves, it is necessary to hold a pick. This is an important event that requires attentiveness.
At the bottom of the flowerpot should be laid drainage layer. It can consist of pebbles or other small pebbles. Next, you need to pour sand, which will loosen the soil, and only then add the main earth mixture. After planting the seedlings in pots, you need to select the optimal fertilizer. After all, the abundance of flowering depends on it.
Diseases and pests
Despite the fact that ampel calibraha is often grown at home, it is still often pests pests.
The most common are:
- a spider mite;
These parasites eat leaves and flowers, thereby gradually destroying the flower. If you find pest plants on plates or buds, you must take immediate action. In the horticultural shops sell a lot of means against pests. They should be treated every two weeks, while wearing a protective mask and not inhaling chemical vapors.
To the plant blossom all summer, it is necessary to break off the withered bells.
In addition to pests, ampel calibrracho is prone to certain diseases. The most common is the black leg - the plant turns black and dies. It is a fungus that appears in conditions of excessive moisture. If you notice the blackening of the plant, take action immediately - treat with a medicine.
Another common disease of calibrahoea is powdery mildew. In this case, a white coating is observed on the plates. The reason for this is also the excess moisture and sudden temperature changes.
The flower also affects root rot due to too wet ground. To save the plant can be an emergency transplant in a drier place.
If the bush is affected by chlorosis, small amounts of flowering are observed. This disease occurs when very hard water is used for irrigation, and also in the case of a lack of iron. By eliminating this, you will return the plant to its former attractiveness.
Calibraroa with other plants
In addition to decorating beds, verandas and balconies, calibraroa is widely used in landscape design. And we are talking not only about ampelnye species, but also about low-growing varieties. Combinations can be very diverse - from planting the flower on the hills with mountain plants to filling the street vases.
The flower perfectly coexists with both curly and flowering representatives of the flora. Gardeners very often practice planting whole flower beds of this plant. To achieve a good result, several contrasting shades should be selected. Thus, the flowerbed will be bright, always attract attention, and if you make it geometrically, then the created beauty will not slip away from the eyes.
Knowing when to plant calibrracho and how to take care of it, you can grow one of the most beautiful and popular flowers of this time. Regular watering, timely feeding, providing light, warmth, correct planting and removal of cuttings - all this only contributes to the appearance of beauty on your window and in your life. A bright and original bush will give a lot of aesthetic pleasure, decorate any corner of the site or house. Choose a favorite color buds, or plant a few different shades, and you will certainly get the desired result.
Everything is in your hands in order to create beauty around you!