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Not wishing to part with the beauty of wildlife outside the cottage area, the majority of summer residents decorate their city dwellings with indoor plants. Natural fertilizers for home colors are a great way to access and safely provide your green pets with everything you need for rapid growth and lush flowering.
The summer season starts in early spring and ends with the arrival of cold weather. During this time, plantations grow, cover with foliage, blossom, form ovaries and yield. And every minute the garden and the garden require close attention, time-consuming care and regular feeding. But when it comes to indoor floriculture, even experienced summer residents, successfully coping with their suburban "weaving can become a victim of self-confidence and recklessness.
Importance of fertilizers for home colors
It would seem, why fertilizer home-made ivy, ficus or violet? It does not bear fruit and does not grow as intensively as carrots or tomatoes. Therefore, many flower growers believe that the flower should be watered and transplanted into new soil every 1-3 years. This opinion is wrong!
The plant on the windowsill is available nutrients contained in a small lump of soil. Even with the excellent quality of the substrate, they last for 2-3 months.
If the florist prefers flowering or fast growing crops, the nutritional deficiency will be noticeable even earlier. The following signs eloquently speak of the "starvation" of most of the room cultures:
- slowing growth;
- deformation of new leaves;
- absence or fall of buds on flowering plants;
- Stretching and chopping of leaf plates;
- appearance of brown or yellow spots, drying of stems and leaves;
- increased sensitivity to bacterial and fungal diseases.
Fertilizer home colors are needed. But what fertilizer to choose? Chemicals are undesirable, since their overdose is dangerous not only for plants, but also for the inhabitants of the house. Before going to a specialized store for an effective and safe composition, you should look around and pay attention to natural fertilizers that are in every home.
Sugar and glucose
This habitual, sometimes irreplaceable in the kitchen sugar enriches the taste of your favorite dishes and drinks, supplies the human body with fast energy. Adding a few white crystals in the vase, you can extend the freshness of the cut flowers. A similar effect is provided by sugar, if it is used as a natural fertilizer.
Plants, like man, spend energy on breathing, consumption of minerals and moisture. At the same time, all representatives of the flora perfectly absorb glucose. It is a part of the usual refined sugar or sugar, it is the "building material" of organic compounds, it participates in the growth process.
Getting into the soil and contacting with carbon dioxide, the substance becomes available for assimilation by roots. After such feeding, especially in the autumn-winter period and with a lack of sunlight, plants grow faster, retain a rich foliage color, do not stretch, look strong and healthy. In spring, fertilized specimens quickly begin to bloom and retain the freshness of the coronals longer.
Sweet feedings like numerous varieties of ficus and some succulents, as well as many other cultures.
How to cook and use sugar fertilizer
Experts who tested sugar as a natural supplement for home flowers, advised to dissolve 1 teaspoon of sugar in 600 ml of water and use fertilizing no more than 1 time per month.
To make the drug more effective, you can take glucose instead of sugar, which is easy to find in the dietary departments of supermarkets or in the pharmacy. In this case, 1-2 tablets are put per liter of water.
If you are going to pamper the green pet with a "useful dessert you should not forget that it will justify its purpose only in combination with carbon dioxide. Otherwise unassigned substances:
- will provoke multiplication of fungal and bacterial microflora;
- lead to a souring of the substrate;
- will cause serious illnesses or even death of indoor plants.
Avoiding such undesirable consequences will help the introduction into the soil of beneficial bacteria that will accelerate the decomposition of organic matter, provide the required level of carbon dioxide and guarantee the assimilation of glucose. Therefore, together or in parallel with the sugar solution, one of the microbiological preparations of the EM-series is introduced.
If the morning begins with a cup of fragrant, invigorating coffee, the thick, left after cooking, will be an excellent addition for indoor plants.
After exposure to high temperatures in crushed grains, the mass of mineral substances, organic acids and other useful compounds remains. At the same time, dried dried product:
- guarantees soil ease, excellent permeability for air and moisture;
- gradual release of nitrogen and other substances irreplaceable for plant life;
- increase in the total acidity of the soil.
In contrast to tea leaves, which after brewing slowly and unevenly dry out, cake and provoke the development of molds fungi and the appearance of fungal mosquitoes, coffee retains its properties when mixed with a substrate, and when used as a mulch.
How to use coffee grounds for fertilizing flowers
When you are going to use coffee for top dressing home colors, you need to remember that the acids in the grains affect the general acidity of the soil.
For some cultures a weakly acidic or acidic soil is a real gift, others in such an environment will be oppressed or even killed. This is taken into account when choosing a natural fertilizer.
Which plants will appreciate coffee? Among the species that develop well in acidified soil:
- all bromeliads, including indoor pineapple, vriesia, bilberia and guzmania;
- Many ferns, among them asplenium;
- indoor varieties of hydrangeas;
Moderate application of this organic product is well tolerated by pottery varieties of roses. The full list of colors is much broader, so it is better to specify the predilections of a particular species.
Before making coffee top dressing, the thick, regularly tedious, dried, and then mixed with the substrate in a ratio of 1 teaspoon per 500 ml of universal flower soil. This amount is enough for 5 liters of soil for most of the indoor crops.
Yeast fungus for growth of house colors
Excellent support for plants on the windowsill will be ordinary baker's yeast, which is in the arsenal of any mistress. Yeast fungi, irreplaceable in cooking, transfer to the finished product a lot of B vitamins, essential minerals and hormones involved in the regeneration of tissues and cell division.
Getting into the soil, an aqueous solution of yeast:
- It activates the decomposition of organic matter to the available colors of the state;
- strengthen internal tissue protection;
- stimulates the development of the root system, and then the aerial part of the plant.
Thanks to this, yeast can be used for accelerated rooting. Immersed in the solution leaves, cuttings or fillets form independent roots 10-14 days earlier than parts of plants in ordinary water.
How to prepare and use yeast dressing
To prepare a natural stimulant, you need a packet of dry yeast and a couple of spoons of granulated sugar, which activates the work of fungi and the synthesis of carbon dioxide. The ingredients are dissolved in 1500 ml of warm but not hot water and hold the liquid for about two hours.
To fertilize does not violate the balance of soil microflora, it must be diluted with water:. Depending on the size of the pot, soil condition and well-being of the color, 50 to 100 ml of fertilizer is required to water it.
Yeast works well for any plants, but the maximum benefit will be brought to flower crops. Top dressing in this case is used at the bud formation stage, during and after flowering, not more often than 1 time in 2-3 months.
Because of the fungi in the soil may lack potassium and calcium, these minerals are worth making extra. Replenish the deficit that will be created by adding 5-10 grams of wood ash to the soil.
Wood ash for indoor plants
Ash, rich in potassium, phosphorus, calcium, magnesium and other irreplaceable elements for plants, is popular with summer residents. They use this mineral fertilizer in the beds and in the garden.
Wood ash will bring no less benefit to indoor flowers. Many of the mineral compounds increase the immunity, the particles of coal remaining in the composition create a bactericidal effect. Potassium:
- helps the plant to form buds;
- supports lush flowering;
- allows crowns not to fade for a long time.
Ash perfectly structures and facilitates the soil, suitable for all types of home colors, preferring a soil with a neutral or slightly alkaline reaction.
Such species include adenium, hibiscus, crocosmia and many cultivated plants.
How to use ashes for fertilizing flowers
Ash is a truly universal remedy. It can be applied in dry form, mixing with fertile soil in the proportion: 0, or as a solution. For liquid fertilizer, 2 teaspoons of wood ash is poured with a liter of hot water and insisted for several days. The obtained composition is sufficient for spillage of 5 liters of soil.
Cedar and banana peel
It is well known that fruits are an excellent source of vitamins. But not everyone knows that oranges, lemons or bananas benefit not only the person, but also the plants. If you put a little effort, you can become a fertilizer for green pets, remaining skin without the need.
Zedra contains a lot of organic, mineral substances, will help to strengthen the immunity of indoor flowers, thanks the content of essential oils will prevent the appearance of some dangerous pests, for example, scabies and arachnoid mite.
How to make a banana peel
To treat the flower with banana top dressing, it is enough:
- grind the inedible parts of the fruit;
- fold the gruel into a container;
- pour the same amount of hot water;
- leave for a day to insist;
A crushed and thoroughly dried banana peel will serve as a good component for the land mixture.First, organic particles structure the soil, facilitate access of air and moisture to the roots, then, rotting, become fertilizer prolonged action and give a full meal room plants.
Peel lemons, oranges and other varieties of citrus used to prepare liquid fertilizer for indoor flowers. Finely chopped peel put into a suitable container, pour hot water in the ratio: and stand for about a day. After filtering the product is ready for use. On average, a pot requires about 50 ml of liquid at a frequency of once a month.
A more saturated "cocktail" is obtained if the fruit residues mixed in an arbitrary proportion are poured with sweetened water and left for 15-20 days in the heat. To accelerate the escape of gases, the container with the medium is regularly shaken, but not stirred. The final formulation before application in the soil is diluted in the ratio: 0 and used every 2-4 weeks.
The source of useful substances for home colors can be the onion, or rather the remaining husk after its cleaning. In dried scales, unsuitable for cooking, there are many mineral elements and phytoncides.
To ensure that the nutrients are available to the plant form, a handful or 50 grams of dry husks are poured into 2 liters of water and allowed to stand on low heat for about 15 minutes. The liquified liquid is left to be infused and cooled. After three hours, after filtration, the agent can be used for irrigation and spraying.
Decoction of husks retains phytoncidal and bactericidal properties of onions, therefore it is used as prevention and protection against harmful soil microorganisms and insects.
Natural onion based fertilizer can be successfully combined with the infusion of ashes. In this case, much more irreplaceable potassium and phosphorus enter the soil. Dry, thoroughly shredded husks will improve the structure of the substrate and, after being rotted, will eventually turn into a natural organic fertilizer.
Nettle and bread
One of their first plants, beginning to turn green in the spring, is nettle. This unpretentious culture is found both in suburban areas and in urban courtyards. Up to the snow everywhere you can see her recognizable jagged leaves.
Adherents of organic farming use nettles to make a safe and very effective garden fertilizer, which will be useful for indoor flowers.
Nettle greens collected before or at the height of flowering are rich in minerals, among which the first places are occupied by potassium, calcium and magnesium. To return them to the soil, liquid organic feeding is prepared from vegetable raw materials.
How to Make Nettle Fertilizer
A container of a suitable size of ¾ is filled with crushed grass, and then poured with a warm yeast solution so that the liquid does not reach the top of the vessel. Yeast can be replaced by several pieces of rye bread, which will help to activate the process of fermentation and the release of organic matter. After 3-5 days the fertilizer can be filtered and applied to its intended purpose, after diluting it with standing water in the proportion: 0.
For a kind of vegetable "kvass in addition to nettle, you can take many common cultures, including:
- wormwood, also possessing the ability to drive away dangerous pests;
- leaves of mother-and-stepmother;
- pharmacy chamomile;
Plants are used separately and in collections. And the infusions made from them are watered every 2-4 weeks during the entire period of active vegetation.
It is difficult to imagine a Russian garden without a potato bed, and a table without friable boiled tubers. But very few people are blown away that during the preparation of water from the potato passes the mass of minerals, starch and fiber. These components, the main among which is potassium, when used correctly can bring a lot of benefit to indoor flowers.
For feeding, take drained, cool and carefully filtered water from cooking potatoes. It is important that the process does not use salt, which adversely affects the quality of the soil and the growth of flowers.
Watering is carried out at the rate of 50-100 ml of liquid per pot no more often than 1 time in 2 weeks. Plants can not be damaged by a decoction of other vegetables, for example, cabbage, carrots, celery and root parsley.
Water from the aquarium
Everyone who has an aquarium in the house knows that the care of fish in it is no less laborious than caring for indoor plants. It is interesting that there is a way to save energy, having pleased inhabitants and an aquarium, and flower pots.
Water in a community aquarium needs to be regularly updated or changed. Otherwise, the walls of the man-made reservoir will be covered with a layer of microscopic algae, the fish will be difficult to breathe, and the rapid growth of the pathogenic flora will begin. At the same time, an unsuitable liquid from the aquarist's point of view becomes interesting for the florist, It dissolves mineral substances and organic products of vital activity of all water inhabitants.
Aquarium water is distinguished by a neutral level of acidity, high digestibility and complete naturalness of the composition. The agent is used for irrigation once a month throughout the warm season.
It is important not to allow waterlogging of soil and stagnation of moisture, otherwise there is a danger of soil silt and uncontrolled reproduction of the smallest algae.
Succinic acid is well known to physicians as a natural and effective stimulant for the human body. It strengthens immune defense, reduces the severity of reactions resulting from stress, accelerates recovery after illness. A similar effect is on home flowers.
Safe for humans, pets and the environment the product is used for irrigation and foliar treatments of all plant species, including young seedlings, rooting diets, as well as weakened or diseased flowers.
How to apply succinic acid for top dressing
- stimulates the development of the root system;
- activates the formation of new shoots;
- increases the plant's resistance to unfavorable environmental conditions;
- accelerates the disintegration of toxic compounds and prevents them from accumulating either in the soil or in the tissues of a domestic flower.
To prepare a highly effective stimulant based on succinic acid, it is sufficient to dissolve the tablet in a liter of water. Sprinkle, sprinkle stems and leaves should not be more than 1 time in 3-4 weeks.
If the dying plant is to be resuscitated or the immune defense of the young seedlings is reinforced, the root system is immersed in the solution. The exposure time is from 30 minutes to 4 hours.
Biohumus and humic acids
The list of the most famous and popular fertilizers in summer residents begins with manure and humus. At home, these tools are irrational.
There are several reasons for this:
- unpleasant smell of decaying organic matter;
- the risk of weeding seeds in the soil;
- population of fertilizers by larvae and cysts of pests.
Avoid these and other problems, as well as easily provide indoor flowers with full-fledged fertilizers will help affordable ready-made products, including:
- humic fertilizers containing acids obtained from sapropel or peat and their salts;
- biohumus or vermicompost, that is, compost or manure, processed by worms;
- granulated bird droppings.
Such fertilizers are devoid of the above disadvantages, they are easily dosed, in compliance with the rules application, are perfectly perceived by all kinds of plants and are combined with the necessary mineral colors additives.
Other ways to fertilize home flowers without the use of chemicals
In addition to the already described 11 natural fertilizers for home colors, there are other tools that are popular with amateur horticulturists. Among these options are:
- watering the planting with water from fresh meat, poultry or fish;
- crushed egg shell, mixed in the surface layer of the soil;
- water remaining after washing the groats.
There are no reliable data, confirmed by botanists, about the usefulness of these nutriments.
In order for the nutrients found in the products to reach the roots, stems and leaves, they must have an appropriate shape. Neither the shell nor the meat of the meat meet these requirements.
The calcium contained in the shell is not the most important mineral for plants. To some species it is simply contraindicated, and its excess causes severe metabolic disorders, chlorosis, growth retardation. In addition, calcium from the shell does not react with moisture and can not be consumed by the root system.
The most rational way to use a thoroughly washed eggshell is to create drainage through it when planting or replanting indoor flowers.
Undecomposed organic from meat products and fish will also not benefit the flowers, but will only lead to a deterioration in the composition of the soil. Regular use of such top dressing entails:
- accumulation in the soil and on its surface of fats;
- deterioration of the respiration of the roots;
- the development of pathogenic bacterial and fungal flora.
To make the feeding only useful and did not cause undesirable, and sometimes, dangerous consequences, one should adhere to simple rules.
Rules for the application of fertilizers for domestic flowers
The first fertilizing of plants should be carried out 2-3 months after the transplant. It is by this time that the soil begins to be depleted, and the introduced fertilizers will be able to replenish this deficit.
For liquid compounds, experienced florists take only carefully filtered or unstable water. Otherwise, reagents falling into the ground, iron salts and other substances from the water supply system eliminate the whole benefit of the procedure.
For younger and weaker colors, less concentrated means should be used than for adults and strong ones.
If in the arsenal of the florist there are natural organic substances, it is important not to allow waterlogging of the soil and stagnation of the nutrient infusion. Preventing this will help pre-watering plants.
In winter, most species inhibit development or are in complete rest, so flowers do not need special support. Regular top dressing begins in spring and continues until the fall.