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When spring comes to the earth, many different colors appear on the slopes and meadows. The first to greet us are snowdrops, violets and tulips, then chamomiles and cornflowers, and at the dacha - luxurious gas. This bright flower resembles a miniature sun, which welcomes its fans before the onset of cold weather.
A look from the side to a persistent plant
Despite the fact that the birthplace of gazania - Australia and South Africa, it has perfectly taken root in the open spaces of Russia and neighboring countries. Due to its strong root system, the flower grows on any breadth of our vast homeland. It can be found not only in the front gardens of country houses, but also on balconies, loggias and flower pots. Luxurious "daisy" decorates not only greenhouses, but also winter gardens.
In Europe, gas migrated in the 17th century and quickly fell in love with flower lovers. The plant received its name in memory of the famous translator Teodor von Gaza, who published the works of Aristotle in Italian. Since the flower is grown in different places of the planet, it is called everything in its own way. For example, in some countries of Western Europe the plant is known as the "flower of the midday sun". In those places he dissolves his petals only under the influence of the midday sun. If the day turned out to be cloudy, the gas may not open at all.Often a flower is called - "African daisy" for resembling a field beauty. True, it has larger sizes and many shades. Anyway, the plant is worthy of our attention.
Magnificent gazania refers to the family "Astrovye as indicated by its biological and external characteristics. It refers to herbaceous plants, which sometimes grow in the form of miniature flowering shrubs.In height, the flower grows to 30 cm, which allows using it for various flower landscapes.
Some varieties of gazaniya grow almost without shoots or they are too short. This fact should be taken into account when planning a flower bed.
In nature, grows many years of gas and annual, because it is very sensitive to changes in the weather. For example, in the cold season, she is put in a pot to admire the whole winter on the window. In spring, the flower is planted again on the flower bed.
The original dark or light green tones leaves the plants form a stylish basal base. On the back they are covered with tender cilia, protecting the flower from the cold in bad weather. And during a drought, they retain moisture, which ensures the comfortable existence of a luxurious "chamomile". The shape of the sheet plate depends on the variety and a certain type of perennial gas.
The main pearl of the plant is its flower. Although outwardly it resembles a simple steppe daisy, its tender petals are much larger. A variety of colors is simply amazing. If you look closer to the bud, you can see that the central part of it consists of petals resembling miniature tubules. All of them are golden in color. Around this solar circle there are lingual petals of such shades:
- tender orange;
- bright yellow;
- saturated red.
In addition, in the heart of each tender petal there is an original brown spot. When the flowers of the Gazania blossom luxuriantly, on dense shoots there are up to 35 pieces of buds. You can imagine what a favorite garden plot looks like at this time. After a while, instead of inflorescences on the shoots, the original fruits appear. Miniature hairy achenes carefully protect their "bank" of planting material. The plant is grown in two ways: outdoors and indoors.
Simple rules of growing a plant
To dilute in its area shown in the photo a flower with gas, it is required to perform only a few simple rules. Even extraordinary flower lovers can breed this plant by applying one of the methods: by sowing seeds or by using the method of cuttings.
Cultivation of gas with the help of propagation is applied only for hybrid plant species. In view of this, it is not necessary to sow seeds of hybrids in the soil, expecting quality seedlings.
If the flower is to be propagated through sowing seeds, it is advisable to take care of the planting material in advance. For this, after waiting for the full maturation of the seed boxes on the shoots, they can be carefully cut and taken to a dry place. When the seeds dry well, they can be sown for 2 years. During this period, the planting material retains its maximum germination capacity. Before landing gazanii, preferably prepared soil slightly watered.
Some gardeners carefully spread the seeds of gas into boxes to grow seedlings. The process begins at the end of winter. Spacious and deep enough boxes fill a soil rich in microelements, which includes:
- natural peat;
- Purified sand;
- humus or turfy land.
On its surface lay out the planting material as on a chessboard. Distance between sprouts, cm. Above, they are covered with sand (a thin ball) and watered from the spray gun. After that, the containers are covered with cellophane or glass and placed in a warm light room. After one or two weeks, the first shoots appear.
For flowers to successfully germinate, it is necessary to let the air to the future seedlings every day. For this, for a short time, the coating is removed, wiping dry condensation.
When several leaves grow on the surface of the soil (2 or 3), the seedlings should preferably be placed in separate pots or cells. Further, it is important to prepare them for planting in the front garden on the street, applying simple rules for hardening the plant. Daily delivery of fresh air, with an open window, window or doors, will prepare the plant for new living conditions.
Successful cultivation of a gazaniya flower can be achieved by using cuttings. This is necessary in the summer, when the plant is full of strength, choose healthy lateral stems. Cut them preferably with a sharp knife, while controlling the presence on the handle of the heel. Otherwise, the gas will not survive.
Next, the cut off stems are released from the lower foliage and placed in a bowl with water. When roots appear, the cuttings are planted in separate cells with fertile soil. There they are rooted for 2 months. In addition, cuttings should be watered abundantly and open access to fresh air. Then a competent landing and withdrawal of gas into the open ground is carried out.
First, prepare the soil by carefully plowing the plot. On the leveled surface, digging pits to free up the rhizome with a small clod of earth. At the bottom of the well, it is desirable to put a thin layer of drainage from gravel or crushed brick.After planting the seedlings at a distance of 20 cm from each other, it is advisable to arrange an artificial shelter for them to protect them from direct sun rays. The landing shown on the photo, and the departure of which is carried out according to all rules, pleases its fans before the first frosts.
Bright varieties of charming "daisy"
The lush variety of this plant attracts not indifferent fans of the flora. To date, there are up to 40 kinds of charming "chamomile". In this case, each of them has its own external differences and methods of cultivation. A brief description of the flower of gas and photo of its varieties give a complete picture of the magnificent plant.
In a territory with a colder climate, it is better to grow annual gaznaniya. Perennial variants can be planted in pots as a houseplant and admire the flowers all year round.
This plant species is grown only as an annual variant. During the season it grows to 35 cm. Straight standing shoots are located in the central basal zone of the rosette. The dark-green foliage of hybrid gazania is linear or palmate-dissected. On the back side it is painted in silver. Some plant variants have light green leaves.
On a high peduncle there are single buds in the form of round baskets of yellow, red, orange, pink and burgundy color. When the flowering season passes, there are practically no seeds in the seed boxes. Therefore, hybrid varieties multiply only by means of cuttings.
Gazania Big Kiss
An unusual plant, native to the African continent, is distinguished by original glossy leaves. On the back they are covered with a silvery outflow. Gazania Big Kiss grows to a height of 30 cm. Its large buds impress with its unsurpassed charm, towering above the glossy leaves. The view is used when decorating curbs on the backyard, like a houseplant and in winter gardens on insulated balconies.
This kind of flower is classified in nature as a perennial plant. But because of the changeable cold climate, gas is used as an annual. It is characterized by a short sprout, located at the very surface of the soil. Despite this, it grows oblong leaves with a light silver tinge.
Single buds are located on slender peduncles and are bright orange in color. Each petal at the base is painted in a bright brown color, which looks especially beautiful. Gazania the peacock is able to decorate any dacha front garden.
Having considered only some representatives from the kingdom of gas, one can agree that the flower really causes favor. Each variety has its own charms, so planning a landscape design, you should familiarize yourself with all kinds of luxurious "chamomile".