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Growing vegetables in seedlings, it is necessary to use fertilizers for seedlings. Feeding has a huge impact on the growth of the plant, but the addition of additional nutrients requires certain knowledge from the vegetable grower.
Growing vegetables in seedling way is very important to choose not only quality seed and soil, but also to make necessary fertilizers for seedlings in the process of development. Experienced growers know that feeding has a huge impact on plant growth. However, this process requires compliance. Therefore, before fertilizing seedlings, you need to choose the type, shape and composition of the nutrient mixture.
Mineral fertilizers for seedlings of vegetables
Top dressing of this type consists of inorganic compounds, mainly mineral salts. Depending on the type of filling, fertilizers for seedlings are simple with one trace or complex, containing several minerals.
The main minerals that are necessary for the full development of the plant:
- Nitrogen: ammonium nitrate (35% nitrogen), urea (46% nitrogen), ammonium sulphate (20% nitrogen), ammonia water (20-25% nitrogen).
- Phosphorus: superphosphate (20% phosphorus) or double superphosphate (40-50% phosphorus).
- Potassium: potassium chloride (50-60% potassium oxide), potassium salt (30-40% K20), potassium sulfate (45-50% K20).
With a lack of any mineral, the growth of seedlings is significantly slowed down. Its leaves get a light green color, become shallow and begin to fall off. With excessive intake of mineral fertilizers, the plant can get burned and die. Therefore, before fertilizing the seedlings, it is necessary to carefully study the instructions and, in accordance with the stated norms, to apply fertilizing.
Organic fertilizers for vegetable seedlings
The composition of this type of fertilizer includes organic substances. The main advantage of top dressing is that it contains not just one kind of minerals, but practically all the necessary nutrients. Such an organic fertilizer can not be attributed to any one species, since the basic mineral elements are already present in it. In addition, in different proportions, contain other minerals: cobalt, boron, copper, manganese, etc.
Organic fertilizers for vegetable seedlings:
- Manure. The advantage of using manure is a complete set of all necessary substances. In addition, after its addition, the biological and physical characteristics of the soil are improved. In it, carbon dioxide, which is necessary for the carbon nutrition of the plant, begins to be abundantly released.
- Chicken droppings. Its distinctive feature is a huge productivity. It includes a lot of nitrogen, potassium phosphorus.
- Compost. This type of fertilizer is easily prepared in the suburban area. For its preparation, use leaves, straw, grass from weeds, potato tops, various kitchen rubbish, etc.
The introduction of organic fertilizers for seedlings gives good results, but it is difficult for a newcomer to determine the necessary proportions. Therefore, before feeding it is better to get additional advice from a specialist.
Fertilizer for cabbage seedlings
To obtain a good cabbage seedling, fertilization begins after the appearance of 1-2 present leaflets. As the first fertilizing is recommended to use urea. To this end, 30 g of the substance is dissolved in 10 liters of water. The resulting solution will be sufficient for processing 2-3 m². Before applying fertilizer for sprouting cabbage, the soil must be watered.
The second time fertilizer is introduced two weeks before the landing of young seedlings in the open ground. To do this, from 15 to 25 grams of potassium sulfate and potassium chloride are diluted in a bucket of water (10 liters). You can also add urea in this amount. The resulting nutrient mixture in a warm form is applied to each plant at the rate of 1 liter per 5 plants.
Mineral fertilizer for cabbage seedlings can be replaced by organic fertilizers. Good growth is shown by cabbage seedlings after introduction of bird droppings.
One part of the litter is filled with 2-3 parts of warm water and left for several days for infusion. The resulting solution is diluted with water: 0 and fertilized.
Fertilizer for cucumber seedlings
Even if seed sowing was done in a well-prepared soil, in the growth process the plant still needs additional food. During the entire period of cultivation of cucumber seedlings, application of fertilizing takes place about two times.
The maximum digestibility of the plant nutrients can be achieved if the fertilizer for seedlings of cucumbers to make early in the morning on a warm, sunny day.
With the advent of the first real leaves begin to carry out the first fertilizing. For a very small cucumber seedlings it is better to use fertilizers in a liquid form. To do this, dilute the mullein solution with water (:), then pour the young shoots with a nutrient mixture of room temperature. If a solution of chicken manure is used as a fertilizer for cucumber seedlings, then it is diluted with water in the ratio: 0.
The second feeding is carried out a few days before the planting of young plants in the open ground. In this case, it is necessary to prepare a solution of a nutrient mixture consisting of 10 liters of liquid, 10-15 g urea, 15-20 g of chloride or potassium sulfate and 35-40 g of superphosphate (instructions for use on garden).
Fertilizers for tomato seedlings
In the process of growing tomato seedlings, nutritious top dressing is applied several times. The first time fertilizers for seedlings of tomatoes are used after picking only after 10 days. It is recommended to plant plants with organic fertilizers, which will increase the growth of weak sents. The principle of preparing a nutritional formula from Mullein or bird droppings is described above.
Also as a fertilizer for domestic seedlings of tomatoes is well established tree ash, which contains a large number of different trace elements.
For 2-3 m² of sown area, 8-10 liters of liquid, 70-80 g of ash and 15-25 mg of ammonium nitrate will be required. This nutrient mixture can be used 10 to 13 days after the first fertilizer application.
Every fertilizing of any plant should be completed by irrigation with warm water. When applying fertilizers, you should avoid getting fertilizer on the leaf mass. To prevent the appearance of burns on the leaves after watering, all plants are recommended to be sprinkled with water.