How to install and connect the oven yourself
An oven is an indispensable thing in the kitchen. With the help of it we prepare tasty, healthy, appetizing and varied food. If you do not already have such a technique, and you decided to purchase it, you should know how to properly install it; second important point, which precedes such a procedure as the installation of the oven by one's own hands is the choice from a wide range of models sold in the stores that will fully meet your requirements. requirements. In order to do everything right, first of all, you need to know what types and types are shared by all the ovens.
- 1Ovens are varieties
- 2Place the oven in a recess
- 3Electric oven - connection
- 4How to install a gas oven?
- 5Are there any gas leaks?
Ovens are varieties
According to the method of installation, an in-built oven and an independent (isolated) oven are separated. Installation of devices related to the first type is carried out in the kitchen set, while their stand-alone "counterparts" can be installed separately from the rest of the furniture.
In addition, the ovens differ in the way they are heated:
- The connection of the gas oven is suitable for any kitchen, but all installation work must be performed by specialists, and not by yourself, since there is a risk of disrupting the gasification of the house. This technique is equipped with burner nozzles, which are located on the bottom of the oven. That is why the products are heated from below. Instruments of this type have a reliable gas control system, so that their use is completely safe.
- You can connect the electric oven yourself. Its installation is simpler than in the case of gas models. They also boast a large number of additional functions that simplify operation. The temperature conditions necessary for cooking are created in electric ovens more quickly. Heating is performed from different sides.
Place the oven in a recess
Connecting the oven starts with preparing a niche for its location. It is necessary that there were no distortions (we use this level to control this moment), otherwise the device can quickly break due to improper distribution of heat.
The operation of the oven is accompanied by the release of heat, which is why a certain distance must be left between its walls and the walls of the niche. This will help to avoid damage to the product. If you specify, then from the niche wall to:
- The rear wall of the oven should be retracted 40 mm;
- Right and left walls - 50 mm each;
- The bottom of the cabinet is 90 mm.
Electric oven - connection
Now, when the cabinet is in the right place, it must be properly connected. If the house was built long ago, and aluminum wiring is used, it will be necessary to lay a copper three-wire wire from the shield to the outlet of the device.
Here you need to do everything correctly and without errors, because this is an extremely important process. With a device capacity of, kilowatt, the current consumption will be 16 amperes. A separate 25-ampere automaton is placed in the shield to only switch on the device. Further from it in a cable channel to an outlet the wire ВВГ - 3х, is stretched.
Also produced devices that are more powerful, kilowatts - how to deal with them? We perform the same procession, only the machine should be set up for 40 amperes, since the current consumption will be approximately 32 amperes. Also it is necessary to pick up a slightly different wire - VVG - 3х, will approach.
All that is left for us is to connect the built-in oven to the mains..
A very important rule is that the mains voltage must be disconnected for conducting electrical work. This is a must!.
You will need a three-kilometer ("phase "zero "earth") "euroset that is, you need to take care of its purchase in advance. It must be connected to the wire laid to the kitchen. Some apartments use a two-wire wiring diagram in which there is no "ground and this becomes a particular problem. However, as you know, the output does not come only from the coffin, and in our case the solution will be the electrician's call. He will have to bring the "earth" out of the main power supply fence.
Ovens of various configurations, parameters and characteristics are produced today. On some products, a 3-pin connector is located behind the back, which connects the 3-core cable. Others are not deprived of this benefit - they can only be found with a screw terminal. With such cabinets you will have to tinker with a bit more - you need to tighten the cable with screws, and on the other hand connect the euro plug.
How to install a gas oven?
Installation of the gas appliance is initially carried out under the same scenario as an electric oven. Similarly, the niche is being prepared, the distances from the walls are exactly the same. But there are naturally differences, and they are connected with the source from which the cabinet works. Models, whose operation is based on the use of gas, are connected to the gas main with a special flexible hose. In this case, the main rule is to ensure the full sealing of the joints..
There are other points that must be adhered to. A normal person is competent to cope with the installation of a gas cabinet, honestly, not always possible. Therefore, if you are insecure in your abilities, it is better to resort to the help of specialists..
If you connect immediately the hob and oven to the gas pipe, then without two connection branches with different gas stop valves you can not do. When proceeding to subsequent manipulations, it is necessary to put a dielectric gasket behind the tap. It will perform the function of a power failure. For connection to the central gas supply, either a copper tube (often a steel pipe) or a bellows hose is used.
If you decide to install a copper or steel product, you should know that the tube in this case is located next to the oven. In most cases, an ½ inch tube with an external thread is suitable. As a rule, it is precisely for such parameters that the gas output of a variety of models of ovens working on gas is "sharpened". Both types - both metal pipes and bellows hoses are connected to this outlet. After completing the installation, make sure that you did everything correctly and made no mistakes. Make sure that the bellows hose does not touch moving objects. Also, you should avoid his experiences - do not miss out on this nuance.
It is necessary that the hose is no longer than 2000 centimeters. And no "buildup" in the ideal should not be present. The fewer adapters and connections, the better. The best option is 2. These are the fundamental rules for connecting gas equipment, which are always recommended.
After you install the panel and oven, do not relax much, because that's not all. Now you need to properly configure the device - to do the adjustment of the minimum burner flame, as well as the contacts of the thermocouples entering the shut-off valve of the gas control system of technology.
Are there any gas leaks?
If you want to check if the device is working "smoothly" and if it does not pass gas, use the following method. He is old as the world, but whatever it is, is still relevant and very useful. So, take the shaving brush (in the old days it was used for shaving) with soap and foam, and apply it to areas that are potentially capable of passing gas. To determine the leak is very simple - if soap foams, then it really has a place to be. After identifying these problems, you need to eliminate them..