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It happens that a healthy and prosperous plant suddenly loses the elasticity of the leaves. Why do orchids have flabby leaves, what to do to restore the turgor? There are several reasons and it will take time to restore beauty. It is clear, once casting lost its elasticity, biochemical processes in the system were violated. Lack of moisture, overheating of the plant, or root diseases are the main reasons why the orchid fades. If you do not take measures, the leaves turn yellow, the plant will die.
Causes of soft leaves in orchids
Usually, the lower leaves become soft. If the ground part does not have enough food, and the roots do not have time to fill the need, redistribution occurs at the expense of the lower leaves. Their supply of power is transferred to the top.
Dangerous for the flower is the overheating of the plant. In the hot noon under direct sunlight even a shaded window warms up strongly. At this time, the sheet intensively evaporates moisture. But the substrate also heats up, evaporation is created in the glass. Roots in this case not only receive little moisture, but also cool, the heat of the substrate is spent on evaporation.
If there is an overheating, it is necessary:
- remove the plant deep into the room for 2-3 hours, so that the temperature of the leaves and roots gradually leveled;
- after you can spray the plant, wipe the leaves with a damp cloth or water;
- To find for the orchid a place that excludes secondary overheating.
In irrigation water, you can add a drug against stress, a drop of epine or succinic acid. The turgor can recover quickly or within 3-4 days, depending on the degree of dehydration.
Frostbite and pests
Why do orchids have flaccid leaves in winter and what to do about it? Staying in a draft at minus temperature will lead to freezing of the leaves. They will fall into a rag. If the plant has a harsh winter at the window, frostbite will come at a temperature below 15 degrees. Frostbite is not treated. Fabrics are cut out so that rot does not develop on them. But there is no need to transplant a wounded flower.
On the leaves a colony of mites has divorced, they suck out the juice, the plant is oppressed and another green leaf drops. Especially dangerous for orchids are red and colorless mites. These insects are afraid of humidity, they are bred only in dry air.
After any water procedures, you need to drain the sinuses of the leaves and the center of the rosette. Stagnant water is harmful to the plant. Use for the care of the plant is always soft water without salts of hardness. Salts settle on the substrate, poison it and close the pores, which contain moisture.
Lack of moisture
What if the orchids wrinkled leaves due to lack of watering? There is no clear time interval when the substrate of the orchid needs to be moistened. It depends on the dryness of the air and the temperature in the apartment. In the midday sun and rainy weather, the selection of moisture changes the roots. You need to water the dried substrate. Therefore, every time before watering, make sure that the soil is dry. The plant after drying, just water it with the addition of succinic acid. Watering by immersion for an hour in water 30-400 C.
Why do orchids have flaccid leaves after transplantation, what should I do? It is important to choose the right soil composition. Incorrectly treated bark does not absorb water. Then, no matter how often they are watered, the water will be filtered without stopping in the pores. The contents of the pots have to be changed.
The state of the root system can be judged by its color. If the roots are green or light with a silvery outflow, they are healthy. Appearing brown areas indicate rot. What if the orchid withers, but firmly sits in the pot? Perhaps this signal, the plant does not get enough oxygen, being in a dense substrate. If the plant is not transplanted for a long time, algae, microorganisms develop on the surface of the bark and crumbs, the bark wears off, and the pores between the particles become smaller. Then the roots do not have enough nutrition, and the leaves wither. The same happens if you use inflated doses of fertilizers. In either case, you will need to replace the substrate while the root system is intact.
The bark is taken from old, long, coniferous trees that have lain in the forest. There should be no tar in it. Pieces are treated three times with boiling water according to a special scheme. It is necessary to open as many pores as possible so that the substrate holds moisture.
Often, eating disorders of the leaves lie in the root system diseases. If the orchids wilt leaves, you should do this:
- Make sure that the plant is not overheated and not over-dried.
- Shake the socket, if it is sitting tightly in the pot, then the root system is preserved. But the audit needs to be done. Rotten roots are covered with mucus, or withered. The patient parts should be removed, the open sections should be treated with antiseptic drugs that do not contain alcohol. When rooting, use special drugs - Maxim, Alirin.
- If the plant has even one living root, it is planted in a suitable small pot and taken care of according to the usual scheme.
- The roots do not remain, the outlet is arranged above the water tank, so that the neck is above the water for 2-3 cm. The leaves are wiped daily with water with succinic acid. The roots will grow again.
In the future, until the plant does not return the lost form, until the wounds heal, fertilizing and stimulating watering can not be done.