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The varieties of annual asters are the brightest and most beautiful flowers that will become an ornament of any flowerbed, garden, cottage area and local area. Plants are very advantageous not only in the beds, but also in bouquets. There are a large number of varieties of annual asters, which differ in a shade of buds and the shape of the petals. To understand the diversity of these cultures and make the right choice, our material will help you.
Popular varieties of annual asters
There are many varieties of asters, which are divided based on various criteria. For example, according to the time of flowering, plants are late (flowering occurs in autumn), medium (blossom in August-September) and early (bud formation occurs in July).
Depending on the height, asters are dwarfish, low, medium, high and gigantic. The appearance of the flower is divided into coronary, pion-shaped, double, curly, hemispherical, simple, non-marble and others.
Dwarf varieties aster
Small flowering bushes decorate any garden.
Dwarf Royal aster
The shortest variety of asters is the dwarf Royal. The adult bush grows only up to 20 cm. In this regard, the described variety is used not for beds, but, mainly, for decorating curbs. Dwarf Royal aster has blue-lavender terry buds, sometimes there are white. Inflorescences of this variety are small. Their diameter is about 8 cm. Due to the fact that they are round and flat, one bush can grow about 20 pieces. Therefore, the flower is very beneficial for gardeners.
Propagation of this variety is better than seedlings. Seeds are sown in April, and in May the first leaves will appear - it is a sign that you need to sow seedlings. If you plan to land immediately in the ground, then this is done closer to June.
Dwarf aster refers to pion-shaped flowers. Homeland is Western Europe. A dwarf aster grows up to about 30 cm in height, that's why it got its name. The length of the stem is 25 cm. Each inflorescence grows to 7 cm in diameter. As for the buds, they are mostly white. The period of blooming of the dwarf asters is long. Most often, the culture is used to create curbs. Often, dwarf asters adorn balconies and verandas.
Astra Erfurt Dwarf
The birthplace of the astra The Erfurt Dwarf is Germany. This flower has a pyramidal shape. The compact and strong trunk in height reaches approximately 25 cm. The branches of the bush, although small, but strong, because they need to keep huge inflorescences about 10 cm in diameter. Buds appear 3 months after the beginning of vegetation. Asters Erfurt dwarf externally resemble peonies, only the size is smaller. These flowers can be semi-double and double, and color - pink, red, white, purple.
Low-grown varieties of asters
As a curb of the garden path, varieties of asters up to 35 cm high are chosen.
Another great option for creating a beautiful site is Astra curb one-year. This flower grows up to 30 cm in height, so to arrange the flower bed is not suitable. Each bush can grow well. It can form a lot of inflorescences. Therefore, to decorate a small curb will suit only 2-3 plants. This variety of asters blooms in a gently pink, creamy tone. Plants that multiply seeds start to bloom in mid-July. If you want to achieve an earlier budding, then you should plant the seedlings. The curb aster harmonizes well with other varieties of the same size.
Sprawling and broad bushes with bright buds are royal asters. Flowers are dense and low bush (up to 30 cm in height), which grows in width. Therefore, for the design of curbs such asters will be the best choice. It is enough ten bushes from one and other side, and it is possible to allocate a path on a site favorably. On each plant grows about 11 flowers. In a loose form buds have a flat shape, terry.
Varieties of asters of medium height
In compositions with other plants, asters of medium height are most often used.
The most brilliantly blossoming representative of this kind of flowers is the astra Beatrice. A small bush reaches a height of half a meter and can consist of more than 40 inflorescences. Despite the abundance of flowers, they do not differ in large size - only up to 8 cm in diameter. Buds of predominantly white with yellowish patches. Asters of this variety look good with other plant species. Astra Beatrice is often called astra white. It blossoms about 70 days a year.
Greeks believed that asters are able to drive away troubles and protect the room from disaster.
Astra Gala is a bright blue lush flower, becoming the original accents of your flower bed. One bush includes about 8 inflorescences, the diameter of which is 7 cm. The adult plant reaches 55 cm in height. The flowering period begins in mid-August. Given the bright color of the buds before planting them, make sure that they will not be in great contrast to other crops in the garden.
Astra Winter cherry stretches a column-shaped beautiful bush. Its name is due to the rich red-cherry blossom. On each flower bush, which in height can reach 60 cm, inflorescences are formed alternately. Therefore, the whole season the eyes will delight more and more buds. More than 20 flowers can appear on each bush. The winter cherry begins in July and ends with the onset of the first frosts. When planting in the open ground, one should take into account the splendor of the bushes. The optimal distance between seedlings is 25-30 cm.
In the Czech Republic, aster is called a winter rose.
Favorable are the colonial asters on the garden bed. This species received such a name due to the peculiarity of the bush. If other varieties spread branches in breadth, then the column-shaped asters grow in the form of a column, that is upwards. As a rule, in diameter such plant reaches 20 cm, and in height - 60-65 cm. The flowers of these asters are large-sized, large, about 10 cm in diameter. As for color, it can be very diverse - purple, white, orange.
Mixture Astra Gala
Wanting to diversify his flowerbed, many gardeners acquire a mixture of asters Gala. These plants are pleasing with flowering, starting from mid-August to October. The bushes grow medium in height (about 50 cm). Each of them consists of 8-9 flowers, therefore, to create a lush flower bed you need to plant from 20 pieces. Regular nutrition with mineral fertilizers will allow asters to please the eye during warm autumn. Asters gala mixture, which in the photo need regular watering and clearing of the weeds.
As for the coloring, they can be caught as yellow, pink, and blue-violet buds.
Needle-shaped asters are the original representative of a kind. The bushes of this flower grow in the form of columns, consisting of strong stems. In the sides, the plant almost does not grow, but reaches a height of 60 cm. Therefore, if you want to get a large flowerbed, you will need to plant about 10 bushes. Inflorescences of acicular aster are terry and flat, have the form of a circle. In diameter they reach 10 cm. Blossom asters of this species about 50 days a year. Buds can be white, orange and pink.
Astra cushion received its name due to the shape of the inflorescence. The plant forms a small shrub whose width reaches 30 cm. In height, these are medium flowers, about 50 cm. Perfectly suitable for growing on flowerbeds in the neighborhood with other high crops. The diameter of the flower is 7 cm, despite some plane of shape, they look very festive.
Colors are different - white, peach, orange, pink.
Varieties of tall asters
For cutting on a bouquet, tall asters are best.
Astra red tower
The pioneer form of flowers is also the aster red tower. The name is due to the bright red bud, which is very advantageous in the sunlight. The flowers of the asters are very fluffy and bulky, spherical. They are about 10 cm in diameter. The plant bush in its adult form takes the form of a pyramid. These are autumn flowers, pleasing to the eye in August-September. Plant such asters should be in pre-fertilized soil, better, in the black earth.
Flowers like the abundance of light and sun, so the place for the flower bed should be open: areas under the trees fill with other flowers.
Astra Apollonia is an excellent one-year-old flower that will become a real decoration of your garden. Due to double large buds, it looks noble and beautiful. The shrub of Apollonia reaches a height of more than 60 cm, on each of them grows up to ten flowers. It is enough only 3-4 copies, that turned out magnificent, beautiful beds. The diameter of each flower is 10 cm.
As for the color of Apollonia, there is a variety: blue, pink, white, yellow, orange flowers, as well as their mixtures. This type of asters is recommended to feed regularly with mineral fertilizers.
Pion-shaped astra American brunching mix
To a beautiful and tall flower that can decorate a garden to treat an aster pion-shaped American brunching mix. Flowers are blue-red hues, very large. They reach a diameter of 10 cm. Astra grows bush on a small area, about 30-40 cm, but the height of the bush reaches 70 cm. In this regard, creating a bed is better to plant a variety of American brunching with other tall plants.
This species is well multiplied by seedlings. Sow the grain trail in March, and already in May plant asters in the ground. Preliminary soil must be cleaned of weeds, loosened and fertilized with mineral fertilizing. This very beautiful variety of flowers is unpretentious in care and resistant to pests.
Astra Purple Tower
Truly, the chic flower is considered to be the aster of the violet tower. First of all, these plants are rather tall, about 75 cm tall. Planting an aster a purple tower on a flower bed, consider that it harmoniously looked with other colors and did not stand out too much. Buds are very lush, in shape resemble peonies. A large furry ball of purple in diameter reaches 10 cm.
To propagate a plant is best seedlings, and only then to plant shrubs of flowers in the ground.
Experts advise to organize the landing in mid-May, and then in August the plants will please you with large and beautiful flowers. For this type of asters, it is recommended to select open areas of the earth where the flowers will receive the sunlight they need so much.
Caring for asters in the open ground
Growing beautiful flowers is not difficult, for this it is important just to look after them. Regardless of the type of asters, care is practically the same. First of all, you need to plant the plants correctly. The photophilous are placed in the sun, in open terrain, and the shade lovers are sent to the shade.
After each rain, you should loosen the soil on the flowerbed, and also remove the weeds. As for the grass, you need to struggle with it as necessary, so that it does not stretch the whole life force from your favorite flowers.
Watering flowers should only be a fluid.
You also need not forget about hilling. To be engaged in the given procedure follows that stems - in this case roots more likely began to strengthen in the soil.
With irrigation aster should be neat. It is important not to overdo the water otherwise the flowers will start to rot. Optimal watering once a day. Fertilizing in the soil should be added in three stages. First before planting, then, when buds are formed, and for the third time, when the first flowers appear.
Now there are a lot of asters, and every day breeders bring out more and more. When choosing asters, be guided by the goals that you set for yourself. If you want to create a flower bed, then select several high asters, which together will create a beautiful ensemble. But for the decoration of curbs and flower pots on the veranda or balcony, only low grades will do.
In the creation of beauty from flowers, the main criterion is pleasure and love for what you do. And, having supported all this with practical knowledge, you can achieve amazing results.