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Dahlias, whose photos are decorated with postcards, and drawings - are present in the ornaments of folk art of different countries, have a huge number of varieties and varieties. About this flower there are various legends and beliefs, it is planted near the house or in parks, and is also grown to create compositions. The second name is dahlia, which is named after the botanist Dahl.
Interesting facts and dahlias
There are legends and beliefs about dahlias in the people, and one of them tells about their origin. The first flower appeared in the place where the last fire died out before the onset of the glacial period on earth. After warming, the dahlia was the first plant that could grow from cold and infertile soil. She was bright and testified of the coming of heat and victory over the cold.
There is another legend about dahlia, which is associated with the name of this flower. According to the legend, the first to discover the plant was a seafarer named Georgy. In one of the exotic countries he was delighted with the beauty of the flower and took his roots with him to his homeland. However, he had to give them to the ruler of a foreign country, in which he stopped on his way home. The plant has grown rapidly, and rumors of its beauty have reached the king of his native state. He asked to bring a few copies, and in gratitude called the flower dahlias, in honor of the traveler.
Different varieties have different color and shape petals. Some of them appeared due to the painstaking work of breeders, who were able to combine natural varieties and select their best features.
Varieties of dahlias
Dahlia varieties with photos and names contain more than 1000 representatives of this species. Some of them grow in nature in the mountain regions of Mexico, Peru and Chile. All of them belong to the Astro family and are distinguished by their bright flowering. With the efforts of breeders, additional varieties with unusual color and form of leaves were removed.
This variety is also called cactus dahlia (Nuit d'Ete). It is distinguished by unusual flowering - individual petals are twisted into long thin tubes. The shape of the flower resembles the characteristic flowering of cactus plants. The petals are colored unevenly. They have a dark red or burgundy hue, and closer to the center of the inflorescence darken and can turn black.
The main characteristics of the cultivar Dahlia Nui Diette for those wishing to grow this flower at home:
- the adult plant grows to 80-100 cm in height;
- the size of the flower can reach 15 cm;
- The flowering period lasts from July to September, one flower lasts up to a week;
- this variety does not tolerate frosts, so it should be planted in regions with a warm climate or grown in a greenhouse.
The variety is used to create black dahlias. In the nature of plants with such a color petals do not exist, but the scientists managed to establish that a dark shade is obtained due to the accumulation of plant pigments of anthocyanins.
Variety Lake Ontario - this is one of the most common types of dahlias. They are grown mainly for cutting and selling in flower shops, but they are also suitable for decorating a garden or a home site. The petals of this species are flat, slightly curved towards the stem. Because of this feature, the inflorescence looks particularly lush.
Several features of Lake Ontario:
- large inflorescences, which can reach 15 cm in diameter;
- yellow color of flowers, there may be a bright red edge;
- height of bushes - from 100 to 150 cm, but some representatives can grow up to 2 m or more.
A variety of Lettia Ontario has a standard yellow color petals. Flowers are terry, some of them can reach up to 25 cm in diameter. Among this species of dahlias, the lowest representatives are used to create live curbs and flower beds. Flowers on high legs look good in compositions or sold separately.
Photos of the dahlia of Bristol Stripe are distinguished by unusual staining of petals. By themselves, they can create a full-fledged floral composition, without adding additional elements. This variety is ideal for living hedges and growing on local areas. Bushes look lush and spreading because of the large size of the inflorescences, and also due to the size of the leaves.
Some of the special characteristics that distinguish Bristol Stripe from other varieties:
- an unusual color of the petals, which consists of fine lines and inclusions on a light background;
- stems of the plant, which have a burgundy hue, can grow up to 120 cm;
- the flower is quite thermophilic, in a cold or temperate climate it is grown in greenhouses.
Flowers of the variety Dahlia Bristol Stripe are large, some of them can reach 25 cm in diameter. On a light background of petals chaotically intertwines red, pink and violet thin lines. Their shade can vary depending on the lighting. In bright sunlight, the petals shimmer, the color of the lines seems bright crimson. In the shade, the picture becomes purple.
Variety Kaleidoscope - this is the usual for many variety of dahlias. Inflorescences are monophonic, but the color may be different. Some flowers are yellow, others are painted in orange, crimson or red. This variety has large double inflorescences, which are surrounded by bright green leaves with a bronze hue. The petals are straight, slightly curved outward, which makes the flower very lush and symmetrical.
Dahlina Maxim is often used to create floral compositions. This is a decorative variety, bred by breeders artificially. It has an unusual characteristic color and the shape of the petals. They are bright red with an orange tint, and along the edge of each petal there is a yellow border. Each of them is slightly concave towards the stem, therefore the inflorescence has a special mosaic form. The bushes are low, in comparison with other varieties, but rather lush. Flowers appear on even stems, surrounded by bright greenery with a bronze outflow.
The variety of dahlia Maxim refers to the decorative, it differs in the shape and color of the petals.
Distinctive characteristics of the variety dahlia Maxim:
- bushes are not high, the largest of them are about 1 m;
- inflorescences grow no more than 13 cm in diameter;
- the flowering period lasts from July to early October.
Photos of flowers of dahlia decorate postcards, this plant is present in folk art and is an element of legends and legends.Dahlias are grown both on an industrial scale and individually for decorative purposes.A huge variety of types and shades of colors allows you to choose the most suitable varieties.Moreover, there are both annuals and perennials.If you plant several varieties on the site, they will bloom throughout the warm period.