The content of the article:
This exquisite plant, native to the tropical forests, has successfully taken root in the middle latitudes. That is why the varieties and types of hoyi are amazing, and have long become your favorite indoor flowers. The plant is widely used for gardening of a dwelling to give it a tropical flavor. Housewives call it a wax ivy or just a winding vine.
What is this exquisite evergreen plant? First, consider a general description, and then get acquainted with the varieties and types of hoyi that are known to date. Such an approach will help fall in love with this cute wax flower and gladly grow it at home. So, we'll laugh to go on this entertaining journey through the flower kingdom.
Botanical information about the plant
Hoya is an original curly liana, which at home reaches up to 6 m in length. First, the plant lets the leafless stems of brown color. Sometimes they happen with a purple tint, but when there are air roots and foliage - green.
Since hoya climbing plant, the old shoots eventually become lignified to hold the weight of the young foliage.
Leaf plates of the plant are usually leathery in nature with moderate fleshiness. Each of them is covered with a substance reminiscent of beeswax. The plate is painted green, covered with small gray dots. Interestingly, different varieties and species of hoyi have their size of foliage and its hue. At a young age, the leaves are distinguished by a gorgeous sheen, but they gradually become opaque.
Inflorescences of hoyi are usually collected in umbrellas, in which there are about 50 buds. Often they vary in shape, although each of them has 5 rounded petals. The diameter of the bud is about 1 or 2 cm. Inside the flower is a crown, consisting of five original protrusions. She majestically rises above the gentle petals.
If there is a desire to start hoyu with large inflorescences, it is desirable to pay attention to the grade "Imperial". Each bud in it reaches about 8 cm.
Inflorescences of velvety nature are often colored in such colors:
It is interesting that the blossoming buds stay in the inflorescence for about 21 days, after which a new one appears in its place. The plant begins to bloom at the end of spring, and ends in the middle of autumn. In doing so, it exudes a pleasant aroma filling the living area.
People sensitive to various smells, it is advisable to be reasonable, planting in the house Wax ivy.
Varieties and types of hoyi - a journey into the realm of flowers
Modern biologists classify about 200 varieties of this cute tropical visitor. Each of them has its own characteristics, beauty, aroma and originality. And this is not surprising, because in a natural environment the flower is found on the territory:
- Canary Islands.
The plant successfully grows in moist meadows near water bodies. It can be seen on open forest edges, in the jungle and even in the rocky terrain. The popularity of the flower was received thanks to the attentive English gardener Thomas Hoya, who singled it out as a separate species. As a gift, the plant received his name. Consider in more detail the popular types of hoyi and varieties with photos that are often curled in the homes of our compatriots.
This sort of waxy liana is found on the territory of Indonesia and Australia, where he was noticed by scientists around 1770. At the present time, a great variety of flower varieties have been brought out, which are distinguished by uniqueness. Hoya Australis, the photo of which is presented above, is a perennial plant that survives to 10 years of age. Its dense foliage has an oval shape, a glossy coating and a crimson color.
Owners of this flower should prepare in advance stable supports for massive shoots of creeper.
Inflorescences appear in the form of umbrellas, consisting of many miniature buds. The maximum quantity is about 40 pieces. Each specimen, whose diameter is up to 2 cm, is painted in a soft white color. During the lush flowering, it exudes a rich herbal smell. For the first time, buds appear on the hoya for the second or third year after planting. This period is repeated 2 times a year from the first days of summer to late autumn.
Liana does not like cardinal pruning, so you should remove obsolete or diseased leaves.
To date, there are many subspecies of the "Australian" hoyi. Here are some of them:
- "Trail" (it has the smallest buds);
- "Forester Leddle" (cream coloring of flowers);
- "Bailey Hill" (yellowish-round foliage, white flowers with scarlet impregnation);
- "Tonga" (buds of large sizes);
- "Pekstoni" (sheet plate of an elongated character).
The most popular subspecies is "Hoya australis lisa which emits buds in the form of a five-pointed star. Petals are painted in cream-white color with a scarlet droplet in the center. They exude a pleasant aroma and give off an intoxicating sugar nectar.
Such a waxy vine differs in small sizes, but with expressive stellate flowers. They are painted white or pale yellow. Delicate petals pretentiously curved back, and the inner corona flattened.
On the photo of Khoya Limonnik (another variety name) it is clearly visible that the central part of the bud is decorated in red. It grows up to 2 cm in diameter and has practically no odor. It is crowned by a slightly pubescent flower spike, which stylishly shimmers in bright light.
Sheet plates such hoyi usually of small size: length 8 cm, width - 4. They are painted in a yellow-green color, through which the intricate lenticular patterns appear through. The foliage is located along the entire length of the climbing shoot, which, with age, is lignified. The plant successfully develops away from direct sun rays and under artificial illumination.
Despite the fact that the homeland of this hoya is the majestic Himalayas, it has rather small dimensions. The main feature is twisted foliage with original curls. Most often dark green color. When excessive sunlight gets burned, finding a yellowish shade.
Hoya Compacta blooms with gently pink stars in a globular inflorescence. They exude honey or coffee aroma after sunset. The minimum room temperature should be at least 15 degrees. The maximum is not higher than 25 ° C. Otherwise, hoya can become ill and stop growing.
The plant likes to be sprinkled with summer water and periodically cut off. As a result, a large number of young shoots appear on it.
The flower can boast an original foliage coloring. The saturated green tone gradually turns into a dark red color. The plate is decorated with white longitudinal lines, which stand out clearly on the green-red background.
Hoya Meriliya miraculously takes root in small containers for indoor plants. Its dense shoots are able to climb up the artificial support, which effectively looks in the home interior.
Houseplant refers to the rapidly growing types of hoya. A large number of green shoots adorn each adult plant. It is interesting that at the nodes it does not release the air roots, which is familiar to its relatives. They can appear only at a high humidity level.
On the bare pedicels, about a centimeter long, Hoya Pimentel'lyan throws out glamorous buds. The exquisite corolla and majestic crown are painted in white or yellowish color. In each umbrella there are about a dozen flowers. With close contact, a heady aroma with sweet notes is heard.
This exquisite hoyu was first discovered on the island of Borneo (Australia) at an altitude of about 35 m above sea level. She grew up in calcareous soil and did not seem to need anything. But after a while, another botanist did not find her there. In 1999, she was noticed in the state of Sabah and classified as "Khoya Meredichi".
Its beauty is manifested in large leaves, gracefully "sewn" with a multitude of veins of dark color. Their length reaches up to 15 cm, and the width - up to 9. Depending on the type of flower, they are of such colors:
- light green;
In shape - a leaf plate, mostly oval. Edges are pointed. Its giant inflorescences in the form of balls of yellow color, truly a real masterpiece. They are yellow-white and cream-colored, collected in loose inflorescences in the form of umbrellas. The inner crown is always a white coloring, and the petals meet different tones. Umbrellas are held on Hoya for several days, so you can enjoy their beauty.
The flower has long fleshy leaves. On the surface of the plate, silver inclusions are visible. In form, it can be oblong or oval. Length - 15 cm, width - 6 cm.
During the flowering period, as shown in the photo, hoya Publikalis throws out balls or umbrellas among dense greenery. Each of them consists of 30 buds, which are painted in gray, gray-black or pink tone. Bright-purple petals surround an ornate crown, which resembles an asterisk. This flower creates a pleasant atmosphere in the house, especially when exudes a delicate aroma.
If you look at the variety from the side, you can note such features:
- Decorative curly whips.
- Thickness of shoots to, cm.
- Skiny leaves are green.
- On each one you can see a mesh pattern of 10 pairs of veins.
- Half-spherical friable inflorescence, consisting of fifty buds.
This is only a general description of "Hoya Greenii but the flower is already admiring. It remains to add a few highlights. The length of the plate is about 15 cm, the width is about 4 cm. The surface is matte, but smooth. Color - dark green.
The outer part of the corolla is glossy, the inner part - with delicate hairs. An exquisite crown of white or gently pink color rises stately above the whisk. In the center it is painted pink. Buds remain on the plant for about 10 days, but, unfortunately, do not smell.
Among the majestic mountains at an altitude of over 1000 m, one biologist has found a remarkable plant. It covered the ancient trees of the rainforest through a dense carpet, through which lovely flowers could be seen. It was Hoya Denizi.
The leaf plates of the plant are dark green with glamor glitter. The center of the main vein, which is clearly visible, which can not be said about the rest.
The original bell-shaped buds have a diameter of up to 2 cm. The outer part is bare, and the inner part is densely covered with tender hairs. In general, on one inflorescence there are up to 10 of them. When the plant blooms, you do not want to look away from it.
Its main advantage, of course, is the variegated foliage, which is located on long two-meter shoots. A unique shape in the form of an inverted heart immediately attracts attention. The bright green color of the leaf plates causes an incredible feeling of freshness in the room where such a miracle grows. On the given photo of the Variegated Hoya one can see the features of this flower.
When the vine blooms, umbrellas of elegant form appear on it. They consist of a lot of snow-white, lemon or pink buds with a dark middle. Their edges are painted in cream color.
The variegated wax creeper refers to slowly growing varieties, so growing such a plant at home, you should be patient.
In early spring of 2010, this unique flower was found on the island of Luzon. His name was given in honor of the leading expert of the expedition - Carmela Espanola.
Hoya Carmelae differs almost round foliage about a half centimeter in length. Unlike their relatives on the plate can not see veins. They are painted in dark green color.
To change the color of the leaves of the flower, it can be placed on a sunny place. After a while they will acquire a crimson ebb.
During the flowering period, a fluffy umbrella appears among the foliage, in which there are approximately 25 buds. Often they are bright pink.
Another name for the variety is "Long-leafed which calls attention to leaf plates. They are located in pairs along a long winding shoot. They have an oblong oval shape, a fleshy character. Length - up to 13 si, width - about 2 cm. Each leaf is painted in a dark green color. The surface is smooth. The veins are not visible. The back of the leaf is slightly lighter than the top of the leaf.
Hoya Longifolia in its loose inflorescence contains up to 13 buds. In each of them there is a white or pinkish crown, crowned with triangular petals. When the buds blossom, the room is filled with persistent perfume aroma.
In 1883, the plant was found high in the mountains in India. It also occurs in China. They named it after the collector Thompson, who first found him.
Considering the photo of Hoya Thompson, one can notice a dark green foliage oval. Each plate is velvety pubescent and decorated with spots of silvery color. On average, they grow up to 5 cm in length. The width is only 2 cm.
Compared to foliage, the flowers look like giants. A spherical inflorescence holds up to 30 milky buds. In the center of each there is an orange spot. The edges are crowned with pointed petals in the form of glamorous stars. In the period of lush flowering they exude an intoxicating jasmine fragrance. Usually his presence is felt for 21 days. The peculiarity of such a plant - begins to bloom in late autumn, meeting the winter with an exquisite bouquet.
The refined liana of this species is distinguished by twisted thin shoots, which grow quite rapidly. Her elegant light green leaves are located on both sides of the stem. Their length reaches 11 cm, and the width - a maximum of 6. Form foliage in the form of an ellipse with pointed tips.
"Noya Leucorhoda" has an original flower umbrella, consisting of 10 large buds. Delicate petals of white color frame the pinkish crown, which never changes its shape.
Since the liana quickly grows, you need to prepare in advance the support for weaving its twisted shoots.
Liana with this name can "boast" silky foliage of a dense texture. This is achieved due to the glossy surface of the plate.
Hoya Optimist is famous for unusual buds. They look like a juicy fruit in the form of a star. Its edges are painted in red, which smoothly turns into a yellow tone. In the center of the bud, the corolla looks spectacular, with a yellow frame and a ruby middle.
The historical homeland of this creeper is the high mountain forest in Sumatra. It was there that it was first discovered by specialists. Hoya Sammaniana is considered a terrestrial plant capable of climbing to five meters high. All elements of the plant are not pubescent, but inside the shoots are filled with milk.
The sheet plate has the shape of an ellipse. The outer part is painted in a dark green color, the lower one is slightly lighter. Some specimens differ in a barely noticeable purple hue. In the flowering period on such an exquisite background, fragrant buds appear in the form of bells. Often there are only a few of them. They are painted in a pale yellow color with a slight greenish tinge. Around the main calyx is markedly pink interlace. Truly, a wonderful masterpiece of creation.
In the natural environment, this cute tropical flower is found in the moist forests of Indonesia, Thailand, India. It was first recorded by biologists in the late 19th century. In Europe, it appeared several decades later, but as a houseplant.
Pictured in the photo hoya Obovata - a vivid evidence of the mastery of the Great Creator, who loves people. This flower develops quickly enough at home. On large shoots grow lobed leaves of light green color, in the center of which there is a wide strip of yellow-green coloring. Additional light green foliage differs silvery impregnation.
When the vine begins to blossom, chic two-tier buds are formed. The main petals are slightly pointed and turned upside down. They frame the stylish crown of a flower that resembles a five-pointed star. In the very peak of flowering plants (May or June), the room is filled with a sweetish aroma. Is it possible not to admire such beauty?