Onions are a mysterious plant. Until now, his homeland has not been established. Its useful properties are known to all.In onions, many vitamins and trace elements. To grow a good crop you can from the crop - small heads, and from the black one - its seeds. In detail we will understand with cultivation from seeds..
Table of contents
- Description and characteristics of black onions
- Time for planting seeds
- Preparation of beds for onions
- How to plant a black man in an open ground in the spring
- Rules for landing onions by Minaeva
- Proper care after planting
- Diseases and their prevention
- Harvesting and storage rules
Description and characteristics of black onions
Chernushka - are the seeds of all the onions we know.From these seeds you can grow a large number of heads of onions of various varieties. It all depends on what sorts of seeds were collected from.
Chernushka - small seeds, they got the name because of their black color. They are more poppy seeds or radish. Uneven, ribbed, slightly oblong. From the seeds we grow a small ray, called a seedling, and from the seedling we grow large heads. Thus, the cultivation process lasts two seasons. There are technologies that allow growing from a black head in one season.
To get a blackie in the country or in the garden, choose a few heads that we liked and planted in the ground, in order to get their seeds from them. Onion umbrellas grow, which bloom and after flowering, they throw out sunflower seeds. There is a danger that the flowers will spoil wasps or onion flies.Vegetables cover the flowers with gauze protective caps, which will protect the umbrellas from the precipitation of seed to the ground and do not allow spoiling them with insects..
Time for planting seeds
After harvesting the seeds, they can be planted.Chernushku checked for germination. Good grain rises by seventy-five percent or more. Seeds of last year can not ascend. Germination is checked in the usual way. Planting material is laid out on the moistened fabric, then after a few days, check how much it has risen. This determines the percentage of germination.
Chernushku planted in the ground in early spring or late autumn.
Growing seedlings in the apartment occurs from the autumn and the end of February.Cultivation in the apartment requires special care. It is necessary:
- watch out forhumidity;
- carry outtemperature regime;
- adhere to the optimalillumination.
Boxes for growing blackies can be any, the soil in the boxes should be easy. Grains can be sown in rows, and can be chaotic.Sprouted seedlings can be planted in the soil in April..
Preparation of beds for onions
Beds for a bow prepared from autumn. The earth needs to be dug up.
Clear from weeds, add peat and humus to it, make it easy, so that it would be easier for the black one to sprout. In the spring, you need to hurry with the bow planting.You need to plant no later than April, and you can even in the February thaw, if later, the heads do not have time to form..
How to plant a black man in an open ground in the spring
In the open ground it is possible to plant both black cherry and sprouts.Seeds are planted to depth12centimeter. Light soils are planted 3 centimeters to prevent seed from blowing out in strong winds. Before planting, the blackberry is treated against pests and diseases. You can also process the soil. You can sprinkle ryadochki with onion seeds after planting.
The sowing of onion grains under the winter does not differ from the spring sowing. Places for planting in the garden must be changed to get rid of onion pests..
Rules for landing onions by Minaeva
Very comfortablyplant seeds on wet toilet paper, gradually rolling it into a roll. Then the roll is put in a container in which water, grains germinate, this seedling is cut once for greens, the greens are eaten. The package is dripping 2 drops of "Epin".
Minaeva advises not to grow black sheep themselves, but buy in stores.Recommends varieties:
- Myachkovsky 300.
In the ground advises to plant in furrows.Chernushka does not like sparse, so the seeds sow quite densely already sprouted in pre-prepared grooves.
Before planting sprouts the seed as follows:
- puts the grainson wet gauze;
- Gauze puts in a bag, then the package inflates and puts on the solar window, it turns out a mini greenhouse, seeds sprout in a day or two.
After planting, the seeds lightly fall asleep with a flat cutter. In the process of growth, seedlings break through for food.The heads grow large. Recommends planting a variety Bessonovsky..
Proper care after planting
After planting, watering is not necessary at once, grains of water can go deeper into the earth, it will be difficult for them to germinate. It is necessary to thin out the shoots several times. The greens are used for eating.When several mature sheets appear, you can feed a solution of cow dung in proportion1to5. There are also remarks that the onion can not be fed, without feeding it is better kept.
Errors in care are:
- planting of a cropat one place;
- incorrect choiceprevious plantson the place of onion;
- Irregular irrigationand loosening of the soil;
- raresproutingor heads.
Diseases and their prevention
In order that the onion does not need to be ill:
- next to himdill, carrot;
- deepdig up the soil in autumnunder the beds;
- apply the necessarydrugsto control onion pests.
Harvesting and storage rules
Harvesting of onion is carried out at the end of August.Luchok very gently undermined and pulled out. Do not damage the heads. Then the torn green leaves to dry out. We follow the humidity. If the humidity rises, the crop is brought into the room. Plants are laid out in one layer. When dried, dried leaves and husks are removed.
The more carefully the plants move, the better they are stored.The harvest is stored at a temperature of about eighteen degrees. During storage, it is periodically checked and the damaged bulbs removed. It is stored until the next harvest.
Caring for onion black cherry is required constant from the time of planting material selection for sowing. Sprouting seeds, planting them in the ground and harvesting.With the right approach to all these works, really grow a good onion cropat low costs for seed..