Breaking early in the spring a bunch of green onions - is not it pleasure. For the owner of a country house or villa to get a feather on the greens is easy. The process of the greenhouse from polycarbonate will accelerate..
Table of contents
- Types and varieties of onion, giving a thick green
- Old Russian
- Lilac bells
- Stuttgarten Riesen
- When is best to plant a bow on the greens in the open ground
- How to plant a seed
- Choosing a place to grow
- Proper soil preparation for planting
- Planting onions for forcing on the pen
- Care instructions
- When to harvest the spring onions
Types and varieties of onion, giving a thick green
Dense greens give multichip varieties. Consider the most productive varieties - a multi-pronged variety that produces a large number of feathers during the season and popular varieties of shallots:
Chipoluchcho is an early ripening, yielding variety of shallots. Greens after planting can be cut off in 2-3 weeks. The pen has an originalpungent taste. Bulb weight up to 50 g. Vegetation period is 70 days.
Aristocratic - shallots. From one seed bulb in the nest is formed from 6 to 12 pieces of new weights from 50 to 100 g. In the people this kind is called family.
The variety is early maturing, full-grown bulbs mature after 70 days. Greenery for cutting is ready after 4 weeks.
Old Russian (red, yellow) - a kind of shallots. Gives a powerful, bright green feather with a wax coating. Seed is stored well and long (2 years). The variety is resistant to many diseases of bulbous cultures. In the nest is formed up to 10 pieces.
Reproduction is only vegetative, since arrows do not form. Ogorodniki consider this speciesthe most cost-effective for forcing greenery. The shallot for cutting is ready in 20-30 days after planting.
Schnitt-onion Lilac bells are7 kg of greeneryper season with 1 sq.m. soil. The variety is early ripening, when growing in open ground, the cut is carried out after 20 days. Over the summer spend a few cuts. The variety is frost-resistant.
Stuttgarten rizen is a multi-ear, yielding variety with good immunity to most diseases. Productivity of a grade high.
If there are 4-6 primordia in the seed material from 1 sq. Km. m receiveup to 15 kg of greenery..
When is best to plant a bow on the greens in the open ground
For domestic consumption turnip greens can be planted in the open ground at the end of April, provided that the earth has warmed up and its temperature in the night and morning hours is not lower than 12 degrees.
For commercial purposes, the turnip for greenery is grown in a greenhouse. If there is heating there, it can be practiced throughout the year.
The main thing that you need to get a pen:
- quality seed;
- fertile substrate;
- top dressing;
With a long light day, the optimum air temperature18-22 degrees. Yield at a lower temperature drops. At a higher air temperature, the quality of the product decreases..
How to plant a seed
There are proven methods of planting turnip greens. Experienced truck farmers successfully apply methods of planting:
In addition to the way of planting is importantchoose the right placeand prepare fertile soil (substrate) before sowing any sort.
Choosing a place to grow
Choosing a place to plant a seedling on the greens,take into account the principles of crop rotation.
Plant after crops:
- a tomato;
In the shade, the onion grows poorly, the feather is pale and thin. Rounds should be better locatedin an open, sunny place. During the rains there should be no stagnation of moisture on it..
Proper soil preparation for planting
We prepare the seedbed for planting in the fall before planting. Determine the acidity of the soil. With increased acidity, we adddolomite flour. Consumption - 50 g-sq. M. m. Bow loves loose soil with pH from, to,.
In the autumn, under the digging, make:
- Humus ½ bucket;
- Superphosphate 2 tbsp. l;
- Potassium chloride 1 tbsp. l.
The consumption is indicated in square meters. m. Soil dig over 20 cm shovel or motor-block. In the spring, dig one more time and makeurea10 sq. M. m. 7 days before the planting time, water the solutioncopper sulphate. In the watering can pour 10 liters of water and dissolve in it 20 g of the drug.
Planting onions for forcing on the pen
Before planting the bulbs should be stored in a warm room. Before planting a seed in the garden, they need to be sorted. Discard corrupted instances. Sort by size. The greatest harvest of the pen is given by bulbsfrom 2 to 4 cmdiameter, weight from 15 to 40 g.
Experienced gardener recommend that before the planting to carry out activities that increase yield, speeding up germination:
- The selected material should be moistened and within 48 hours, to stand in a warm room at an air temperature of 25 degrees.
- A quarter of the lengthclip the top of the headin bulbs.
- Dissolve 30 grams of ammonium nitrate in 10 liters of warm water (35 degrees), dip the bulbs in it for 16 hours.
Approximate flow rate of the cross-section in the bridge mode13 kg per square meter. The flow is large, because the bulbs are stuck into the ground tightly to each other. No rows are interchanged. The advantages of this method are obvious:
- the landing area is saved;
- all the forces of the plant go to the formation of the pen.
Bridge way is especially advantageous to use to grow onions in greenhouses.
The tape method assumesformation of furrows with an interval of 10 cm. Bulbs fit into furrows tightly to each other or with a small 1-2 cm indentation. Furrows are covered with a thin layer of earth (2 cm)..
The main care for the crop in the open field isin correct watering. In its absence, the feather is bitter and delicate. With excess bulbs rot, the crop suffers.
To maintain the necessary humidity, consider the weather and check the soil moisture at a depth of 3 cm. Tentatively recommend watering 2 times a week in the absence of rain.
If the soil is prepared correctly and filled with organic and mineral fertilizers, fertilizing can not be carried out. With a ribbon planting method, loosen the soil between rows, remove the weeds..
When to harvest the spring onions
Harvest is collected, focusing on the length of the pen. Throughout the ridge there will be shoots of the same length, if the seeds were calibrated to size before planting and planted one seedling.
For all varieties, the requirements for the length of the pen are the same. Commodity sizefrom 24 to 42 cm. When this length is reached, the feathers are cut for sale or for own consumption.
Do not need to spend much time and energy to get a feather on the greens for home consumption. Before you engage in turning out turnip greens on a large scale, it is worth to assess their capabilities on a small scale. Choose the most productive variety, master the technology of preparing planting material and soil. With the right approach, success is guaranteed..