The taste of many salads would not be so subtle without such an ingredient as leek. Due to excellent gastronomic qualities and rich vitamin composition, the plant is grown by many gardeners. The annual culture comes from the Mediterranean, has unusual greenish-blue feathers with a characteristic aroma. Lack of spiciness and sweetish taste erect the grade in the category of aromatic spices.
Table of contents
- When planting leek
- Planting seedlings for growing seedlings
- Properly preparing the soil and seed material
- .When to plant leek
Due to the long growing season( about six months) and the climatic features of central Russia, it is better to grow leek using seedlings. It is sown in the second half of February or early March in prepared boxes, pots or cups.
To obtain seedlings, irrigation and temperature conditions are complied with. If you sow seeds in open ground, you can not wait for the harvest because of the death of the plant due to frost and snow( the danger of freezing exists in both spring and autumn).Some gardeners practice growing leek for greenery, which is harvested in July.
One way to plant onions involves sowing seeds in late autumn( more often in November).It is important to ensure that weather forecasts are not warm, this will provoke quick shoots.Seeding in the beds can be done in greenhouse conditions or using the technology of growing under the agrofiber.
Planting seeds for growing seedlings at home
Proper preparation of soil and seed material
To plant seeds, use a mixture of turf and compost soil with the addition of humus. Leek likes nutritious and light soil, in a dense substrate the seeds can not grow.
When using a peat base, you should not forget to feed with any additives:
- dolomite flour;
- double superphosphate;
- potassium sulphate.
Spring seeding is usually prepared in March to get onions by September. The timing and pattern of planting and seeding can be adjusted depending on the time of harvest.
How to plant
seeds Before planting, seeds are soaked at home in room temperature water and are kept for a day , and then dried.
Another preparation option involves keeping the seeds in a thermos with water( 40 degrees) for 2–4 hours and then rinsing under a cool shower and drying. As a container, boxes of 35 x 50 cm are used.
The seed consumption for such a capacity is 2-3 grams .After filling the container, the soil surface is filled with a 3-5 mm layer of sand and moistened.Before the shoots appear, the box must be covered with glass or plastic to create the greenhouse effect.
To obtain good germination of the landing, it is necessary to create favorable conditions. Among the main ones:
- the correct temperature condition within the is 22 degrees before the emergence of shoots;
- temperature adjustment after germination( in the daytime up to 18-20 degrees, at night up to 8-14 degrees);
- watering to perform with heated water ;
- provide good illumination for photosynthesis.
Picking and hardening
It is better to grow culture seedlings without picking , you do not need to sit down in separate containers. Seedlings will be ready for planting on the open ground after reaching the age of 2-2.5 months.
For 6-7 weeks after the shoots have appeared, the seedlings need to be hardened with .To do this, boxes or pots should be carried out on the street and left in partial shade for several hours, gradually increasing the time spent on the air. With strong wind air procedures are not recommended.
Onion planting onion in open groundSeedlings of seeds are planted in May Rooted leek seedlings
Seedlings are planted in open ground in the first half of May , for example, this refers to Moscow Region. Before an important stage, it is necessary to moisten the soil thoroughly so as not to damage the root system of the plant. It is better to do work in the evening or in cloudy weather. Active sun can kill young shoots.A leek bed is chosen in open areas so that it can grow with maximum light access. It is not recommended to plant a crop close to bushes and trees.
The soil for planting should be neutral, a fairly loose .If soil acidity is noted, it must first be lime.
It is advisable to start preparing the beds in the fall. For this, the plot is dug up and cleaned of roots and weeds, after which is treated with Nitrophos ( 2 tbsp. 1 m2).In early spring, the beds are enriched with humus and compost without additional digging of the earth.
When the seedlings are ready to transplant, grooves are prepared in the selected area. Their depth is 10-15 cm, spacing - 25-30 cm .Between shoots observed distance of 10-20 cm, depending on the variety.
Each root before being submerged in the ground is treated with a special talker, which is prepared from clay, manure and water( all components are taken in equal proportions).Too long sprouts shortened to 4 cm .Soil seedlings sprinkled in small quantities. Transplantation work ends with abundant watering.
Leek care after transplanting
Leek is not very whimsical to care, however, it will take an effort to get a harvest. To grow a good crop that will not be afraid of transportation and will grow healthy, you need to take care of it properly.
After transplanting seedlings for three days, the plant is not watered.
- regular watering;
- hilling( 3-4 times during the growing season);
- treatment for diseases and pests.
Further shoots need to be watered with non-cold water 1 time in 5 days .Irrigation rate is 1 m2 to 10-15 liters of distilled water.
is fed 3-4 times over the leek season with .The plant responds well to organic fertilizers: mullein, compost, bird droppings. Also suitable mineral complexes rich in potassium, phosphorus and other micro and macro elements. Each hilling is recommended to combine with the introduction of ash.
Once every 2 weeks it is necessary to loosen the soil around the shoots until the stem is as thick as a pencil. Further procedures become more frequent and expand into the zone of grooves to saturate the soil with oxygen and prevent compaction of the earth.
Harvesting and storingYou can pick up onions until late autumn, but it is better to do this before frost and first snow fall.
The plant should be cleaned from damaged and dried leaves, remove the top of feathers( about 1/3 of the length), cut at the root of 1 cm.
The crop is well preserved in the refrigerator, wrapped in food film. Before packing, the stems must be cooled, so that condensation does not form under the polyethylene. Basements, cellars or pits with a temperature regime not higher than 2-5 degrees are also suitable as storage.After digging, leek leaves are shortened by 1/3 . Storage is possible in film in the refrigerator or in a cold basement. After defrosting, it retains its properties and is quite suitable for use.
Leek is only gaining popularity with Russian gardeners. It is very interesting and useful to get an invaluable experience in growing crops and to share it with summer residents, as well as to boast a magnificent crop that may look unusual.