It is difficult to imagine the life of a modern person without a variety of plumbing devices. One of the most important is the toilet. It makes going to the bathroom not only comfortable, but also hygienic.
But even with proper care of the plumbing, over time, the toilet can lose its attractive appearance or fail. In this case, you will need to replace the old product with a new one. And if earlier you were limited in choosing a new product, now in stores there is a wide range of different models.
In our article we will tell you about all the existing toilet options and their features.
Types of toilets by bowl
The content of the article
- Types of toilets by bowl
- Types of flush toilets - which one is better
- Varieties of toilets for release into the sewage system
- Toilet bowls material
- Method of fixing plumbing with a photo
- What can be a tank
- Plumbing with additional features
The manufacturer is not limited in choosing the shape for the bowl of the sanitary ware. The main thing is that it must be comfortable and hygienic. But there are standard forms that most manufacturers adhere to. So, the following options for sanitary ware bowls are distinguished:
- Visor. This is the most common and popular option. The design of the toilet bowl has a special protrusion, due to which splashing of liquid is completely excluded. Also, the slope at the bowl is considered the most hygienic.
- Funnel-shaped. The funnel of the structure is located in the center of the bowl. This ensures that the device is highly hygienic. This arrangement facilitates rapid drainage. The disadvantage of the product is the formation of splashes when draining.
- Poppet. The product has a "shelf" on which waste products accumulate. Due to the protrusion, they can only be removed by flushing. Now such products are considered obsolete and are gradually being phased out. This is due to the low levels of hygiene and convenience of this type of plumbing. The advantages include the absence of splashes during use.
Types of flush toilets - which one is better
Plumbing devices are also separated in the direction of water when draining. There are several design options:
- Cascade or direct drain. In this design, the water is drained from one side of the bowl. The product has a long service life. But a significant drawback is the low level of hygiene. This is because the water does not wash away all impurities. In addition to poor-quality drainage, the plumbing device splashes liquid. The advantages include the low cost of such a product.
- Circular water flush. In this case, the liquid jets are directed at different angles, so the water moves in different directions. The advantages include low noise during use, as well as the absence of splashing water droplets.
- Swirling. This option provides for a preliminary set of water, after which the liquid is quickly drained. The swirling method covers the entire inner surface of the bowl. The disadvantages of the design include the high cost of the product, as well as high water consumption, which reaches 8-10 liters.
Reference! According to the accepted standards, the average water consumption for draining is six liters. But there are options on sale that provide more economical consumption. They are equipped with a double flush system that allows you to use a full toilet bowl twice.
Varieties of toilets for release into the sewage system
There is another characteristic that should be considered when choosing a suitable plumbing model - the way water is drained into the sewage system. In total, there are three options for fluid release:
- Oblique. The variant assumes the presence of a drain angle equal to 40-45 degrees. This design was popular in the 80s of the last century. It was these models that could be found in most apartment buildings.
- Vertical. The design was common in the first half of the twentieth century. It is especially popular on both American continents. This is due to the installation method - the product is not tied to the walls of the room, which allows the installation of a plumbing device in any required place. Communications in this arrangement are hidden with the help of finishing materials of the ceiling or walls.
Toilet bowls material
The most common option is when the cistern and toilet bowl are made of the same material. An exception to the rule is the collapsible design. It implies a separate installation of the tank and the bowl - the tank is fixed on the wall and can be made of plastic, the bowl is placed on the floor and is mainly made of sanitary faience.
Also manufacturers can use:
- Porcelain. The products are distinguished by a long service life. In addition, the smooth surface makes the product easy to care for. This allows the use of earthenware devices not only at home, but also in public places. The disadvantage is the high cost of the device.
- Ceramics. Ceramic models are cheaper than porcelain ones, so they are very popular. The downside is the short service life.
- Glass, stone. Such plumbing is made for design premises. Therefore, it has a high cost. At the same time, glass products are not highly durable. For the production of stone toilets, special substances are added, so they are more durable.
- Plastic. The development of modern technologies has made it possible to manufacture durable plumbing fixtures from reinforced plastic. In addition, the products are easy to clean and highly hygienic.
Method of fixing plumbing with a photo
Also, toilets differ in the installation option. So, the product can be installed in the following ways:
- Floor. This is the most common option. You can install such a product yourself. It is recommended to install such models in spacious bathrooms. Installation is carried out with bolts and takes a little time.
- Suspension. Recommended for small areas as it takes up little space. The structure is fixed to the wall with a metal frame. Withstands the suspended version up to 400 kg.
What can be a tank
There are three options for cisterns:
- Separated. The tank is fixed to the wall at a considerable distance from the bowl. He connects with her using a pipe. A special lever is used to drain the water.
- Combined. The reservoir is installed directly on the toilet bowl. This design does not take up much space, therefore it is very popular. It is also easy to install and can be mounted at any distance from the wall of the room.
- Monoblock. A more modern version of the combined design. In this version, the cistern and toilet are cast in a single block.
Plumbing with additional features
The development of modern technologies has not spared plumbing devices. On sale are "advanced" models equipped with interesting features:
- combined with a bidet;
- with an automatic water supply system;
- with heated toilet seat;
- with built-in fragrance, music, LED lighting.
The use of the latest advances allows the production of a wide variety of toilet bowls with many additional functions. This makes it much easier to choose the right option that will meet all individual requirements.