Many gardeners want to grow unusual plants on their sites, which will differ from others, both appearance and taste.
In this case,it will be appropriate to plant hybrid plants, combining the signs of several cultures..
Table of contents
- The most unusual hybrids of apricot, peach, plum and apple
- Apricot sink
- Plum Nectarine
- Apple nectarine
- Hybrid plum, apricot and peach
- Pros and cons of hybrid plants
- Features of planting and care
- How and when to plant
The most unusual hybrids of apricot, peach, plum and apple
For a very long time breeders have been trying to cross different varieties and cultures to obtain ideal plants. Their fruits differ in attractive appearance and excellent taste qualities.
There are a huge number of hybrids, which are a mixture of two or more cultures, the most unusual of them are:
- Sharafuga- a hybrid of plum, peach and apricot;
- Aprium and Plumkot- a mixture of plum and apricot;
- Apple and plum nectarine;
- Plum hybrid with plum;
- Meinor- a combination of plum and cherry.
There are two varieties of plum and apricot hybrids.
Aptium- This hybrid is 75% consists of apricot and 25% of plum. This unusual fruit was bred in the 90s by the American breeder Floyd Zeiger.
Tasting evaluation of apricot plum speaks of its outstanding taste and brightly-expressed aroma. The flesh of the fruit is dense, less juicy than that of the apricot, and the skin is smooth, like a plum.
In Aprila high fructose content, this indicates the sweetness of the fruit.
Pluto- a hybrid that consists of ¼ of apricot and ¾ of plum. Was withdrawn in California in 1989, at the moment there are 11 varieties of this hybrid.
It is distinguished by a sweet, dessert taste, from such fruits are obtained excellent jams, compotes or wines. The taste of fruits is more like an apricot, and the appearance of a plum.
Skin is smooth, colored in purple, pink or even green. The pulp is juicy, red in color.
Peach and plum hybridis called plum nectarine. Many people do not realize that such a fruit as nectarine can be of two kinds, plum and apple.
They differ significantly among themselves both in taste and in appearance:
- plum nectarine is dense and not juicy, the flesh is sufficiently firm and "thick yellow, well separated from the stone;
- in appearance, the fruits are round in shape and resemble peaches;
- Skin is thin, smooth and matte.
A hybrid of a peach and an apple is called apple nectarine, its distinctive features are expressed in the following indices:
- The pulp is very soft and juicy, most often cream or white. The taste of the fruit is sweet and sour;
- apple nectarines are almost 2 times less plum, have a slightly elongated shape;
- The skin is smooth, glossy, gently pink.
Hybrid plum, apricot and peach
A fruit that was bred during the crossing of a peach, plum and apricotcalled Sharafuga, and has the following qualities:
- by color, fruits resemble plums and have a purple-lilac tinge;
- The shape is more rounded, similar to apricot, but the size of the fruit is closest to the peach;
- The pulp is juicy and sweet, the taste is a combination of plum and apricot. Bone round, well separated.
Pros and cons of hybrid plants
Hybrid - a plant obtained by crossing several varieties or cultures. Like any other plants, they have both pluses and minuses.
Advantages of hybrids:
- Appearance of fruits of such plants is close to ideal, most often they have the same shape and size. Hybrid fruits and vegetables pleases the eye and cause appetite. This is due to the fact that varieties are derived by trial and error, choosing the best samples.
- Yields will always remain at a high level.
- Good resistance to various diseases and pests, compared to pure varieties.
- Plants are self-pollinated, so they can be grown without worrying about carrying out this procedure.
- In addition, hybrids are characterized by an unusual combination of flavors, and their consumption in food can significantly replenish the food stock.
Disadvantages of hybrids:.
- From hybrid crops, seeds can not be obtained.
- Such plants are very capricious to the conditions of cultivation.
- Can grow only in fertile soil, hence it follows that plants will require a large number of different fertilizing.
- Hybrid plants are very capricious to watering, do not tolerate both drought and excessive soil moisture.
- Strong temperature changes can completely destroy the cultivated crop.
- Another disadvantage is the cost of seeds and seedlings, hybrids are much more expensive than pure varieties and crops.
Features of planting and care
Planting hybrids, you need to pay attentionon the individual characteristics of specific crops and varieties. But also, between all of them there are several similar preferences and features that allow us to generalize such plants.
How and when to plant
Planting occurs in several stages.Soil must befertile, loose, groundwater must be at a distance no less than, meters from the surface of the earth.
When choosing a sitePriority should be given to flat elevations, on which precipitation and snow will not accumulate.
About a week before planting it is necessary to excavate a pit proportional to the root system of the plant planted. For hybrid trees, the pit should be 80 centimeters wide and deep.
Then it needs to be dug, at the same timeintroducing fertilizers consisting of:
- 2 buckets of humus or compost;
- 70 grams of superphosphate;
- 40 grams of potassium fertilizers.
Given thathybrids prefer neutral or alkaline soil, with an increased level of acidity, the ground is limed using kilograms of lime per square meter.
The roots of the seedlings are placed in a pit and neatly spread, and then sprinkled with fertile soil.
After the plant is planted, it needswater abundantly and cover upto avoid rapid evaporation of moisture on sunny days.
Given that hybrid plants are rather capricious to care, growing them should perform the following activities.
Feeding- hybrids are very demanding on the composition and quality of the soil, so they should be timely and carefully fertilized:
- in the early spring, as soon as all the snow melts, nitrogen fertilizers such as urea or ammonium nitrate are introduced into the soil. Their consumption is 25 grams per square meter;
- immediately after flowering, foliar top dressing is introduced, most often microfertilizers are used, for example, Kemira-universal. This procedure is repeated 3 times with an interval of 10-15 days;
- In autumn, the soil around the plant is dug up and brought in two buckets of humus, compost or slurry.
Protection against pests- the resistance of hybrids to attacks of various diseases or insects allows not to conduct additional prophylaxis procedures. It will be enough to carry out the sanitary trimming and whitewashing of the hybrid tree trunk in time.
Hybrid plantsDo not tolerate both aridity and excessive soil moisture, therefore, it is necessary to develop an optimal watering scheme, taking into account the climate, the abundance of precipitation, air humidity and other factors.
You may be interested in the following publications:
- The best sorts of plums for growing on your site.
- Prunes and plums - what's the difference?
- Alycha and plum - what's the difference?
Many are mistaken, confusing hybrid plants with genetically modified ones.Hybrid fruits and vegetables do not harm the bodyand represent the result of crossing two cultures in a natural way.
These fruits are good taste and attractive appearance, but, unfortunately, they are very moody and fastidious to care and soil composition..