Incubation of duck eggs at home

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The incubation of duck eggs at home is a very common way of removing poultry from farms and private farms. This method is connected with the unwillingness of adult ducks to hatch eggs, and also it is used when it is necessary to deduce a large number of ducklings.

In this article, we will consider the incubation of eggs of musk ducks at home, let's talk about the period incubation of duck eggs, we learn how many days the ducklings are hatched in the incubator, and also what regimens are needed for this.

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Table of contents

  • How to choose duck eggs for incubation at home
  • Factors that affect the good conclusion of ducklings
  • Egg laying and temperature
  • Differences between incubation and breeding in an incubator: how many chicks are hatched
  • Incubation modes with periods
  • Table with terms and humidity during incubation of ducks
  • Who should be taken out correctly: idout or musk ducks
  • Table of incubation of indowts and temperature conditions
  • Errors in deducing ducklings in an incubator
  • Conclusion

How to choose duck eggs for incubation at home

Eggs of different birds have differences in appearance, which include:

  • volume;
  • appearance of the shell.

Eggs of ducks larger, have a porous, thick shell of greenish color. Before eggs enter the incubator, they must be carefully studied and selected according to the following principle:

  • The egg of a duck must haveweight from 75 to 95 grams;
  • It should not be strongly elongated, round or non-standard;
  • Eggs are chosen withthick, smooth and clean surface;
  • The shell must not haveno external defects, in the form of chips, deformations, cracks;
  • Keep the eggs for an incubator for more than seven days, soshelf life is best minimized.

Eggs, which are prepared for breeding ducklings, are strictly not recommended to be stored in the refrigerator. The best packaging in this case is special plywood trays that are located in a cool place, where air temperature should not be above +12 ° with good ventilation, humidity should be about 70%.

Eggs on the tray are laid with a blunt end down, and do not stack them on each other, it can affect the number of hatched chicks. Before they enter the incubator, they are periodically turned over.

If you turn the eggs up to six times a day during storage, the hatchability of the chicks will increase several fold.
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Factors that affect the good conclusion of ducklings

To get the maximum number of birds it is worth paying attention to the following factors when breeding:

  • carefully selected eggs;
  • the correct incubator;
  • adherence to all incubation rules;
  • ventilation;
  • temperature in the incubator for duck eggs;
  • compliance with temperature and humidity.
Importance of observing the temperature regime during incubation of duck eggs.
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Egg laying and temperature

Eggs before laying ducks of dowds should again be carefully checked, carefully remove all contamination. When bookmarking, it is necessary to observe the following rules:

  • The incubator costspre-install and warm upup to the set temperature.
  • In the lower part of the apparatus, place a tray with water, behind which is very carefully monitored.
    Eggs are not recommended for washing!
  • First of all, larger specimens are placed and, with an interval of four hours, medium and small.
  • The position of the eggs should be horizontal, ducklings in this position are much better, however, places take more.
  • The first seven days the temperature should be + 38 degrees, then it should be reduced to + 3,.
  • Humidity is measured by a special thermometer, which can be done by yourself. To do this, take a conventional thermometer and tie a cloth at its lower end, the free tip that remains is lowered into the tray with water. He will show the humidity.
  • The first seven dayshumidity should be about 30 degrees, then its indicators are adjusted to 27 ° C.

Turning the eggs throughout the incubation process is very important. It would be just fine if the incubator does this automatically. But if there is no such function, then you will have to turn the eggs one by one 6 times a day.

Qualitative inverting ensures that the embryonic discs and subsequently, the embryo itself does not adhere to the shell.

To improve metabolic processes and that the chick is more efficiently developed, a cooling process is used.Cooling should be gentle and not prolonged. Most often it is recommended to simply spray the eggs with water, the temperature, which should be about + 27 ° C. The procedure is carried out for about two minutes, then ten minutes are allowed to dry.

All of these rules apply to both thoroughbred and simple ducks.
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Differences between incubation and breeding in an incubator: how many chicks are hatched

If it is possible to incubate the ducklings with the help of a hen, then it is better to use it, since this process has many positive aspects:

  • ducks are very good hens;
  • the process of water irrigation by the bird is much better and more correct than man;
  • hatchability can reach up to 100%, while the incubator gives about 70% of the positive result.

The incubation period for ducks lasts up to thirty days. It is worth remembering that when the conclusion is made with the help of a hen, the chicks can appear with a difference up to a day. Therefore,already hatched and completely dried ducklings are taken away from the mother for a while, until all the hatching hatch. This will give a guarantee that the duck will sit until the last.

Interesting breeds for breeding are:

  • Bashkir ducks
  • Peking ducks
  • musk ducks

The number of eggs that are placed under the bird is much smaller than can be placed in the incubator. On average, at one time a duck can sit up to twenty eggs, it all depends on the size of the bird.In an incubator, everything depends on the tray, how much it includes, so much and correctly.

The first chicks in the incubator.
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Incubation modes with periods

The mode of incubation of eggs of the Indotus is a special condition for breeding healthy offspring. This period is divided into several stages:

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  1. In the initial period it is very important that the level of water and increased heat is maintained.
  2. In the middle of the output, the temperature and humidity are made lower, and the inflow of air is increased.
  3. Closer to the appearance of ducklings, it is still necessary to lower the temperature, but the humidity should be increased.Air access is maximized.
It is very important to know that waterfowl require frequent cooling, which is increased every five minutes from the beginning of the middle period.

Temperature control is very important in all periods of incubation. Cooling helps to make the development of the fetus much more effective. Also, it is worth considering the following nuances, if at the beginning, high temperature is permissible, then in subsequent stages, it can be dangerous for the embryo.

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Table with terms and humidity during incubation of ducks

Timing

Temperature

Humidity

Inverting

Cooling

Spraying

1 - 12

+ 38 ° С

70 %

every 4 hours

on the 6th day

12

13 - 24

+ 3, ° С

60 %

every 4 hours

2 times a day for 20 minutes

2

25 - 28

+ 37 ° С

85 %

from 26 days cease

from the 27th day ends

3 - 4

Who should be taken out correctly: idout or musk ducks

Indotecs, this is a special breed of ducks, which is distinguished by high quality meat. Also this kind of ducks are bred for obtaining a delicacy liver. Musk ducks are quite unpretentious and for them it is not necessary to take care of the presence of a pond.

Indots are in the incubation period for a long time. This period can last up to 35 days. With all the rules, this species can bring 100% of the young stock.

Eggs in the incubator are loaded after a thorough check horizontally. The first two weeks are recommended to observe the temperature + 38 degrees, humidity should be at least 55% and not more than 65%. The eggs are turned three times a day.On the 16th day, egg irrigation begins, using water that has a temperature of + 37 ° C. After this, the eggs are cooled for about half an hour.

Before loading eggs into the incubator, you can mark them on both sides, in order to follow the coup.

The beginning of the appearance of chicks in the incubator.

Table of incubation of indowts and temperature conditions

Below we suggest to familiarize with the table of a temperature mode for incubation of eggs индоуток.

Timing

Temperature

Humidity

The coup

Cooling

Spraying

1 - 16

+ 38 ° С

70 %

every 4 hours

start from the 10th day

1

17 - 29

+ 3, ° С

60 %

every 4 hours

2 times a day for 20 minutes

2 - 3

30 - 34

+ 37 ° С

85 %

not applicable

not applicable

3 - 4

Errors in deducing ducklings in an incubator

Beginners in breeding birds are often inexperienced following mistakes:

  • Do not provide proper heating, which should be as uniform as possible. In order to avoid this error, it is necessary to mix eggs before cooling. That is, the edges of the eggs are transferred to the middle, and from the middle, respectively, spread around the edges.
  • Overheat. Care must be taken to ensure that embryos do not receive a heat stroke, which can lead to death, which has not yet appeared in the world chick.

After the chicks hatched they must be placed in a special container, which is equipped with ventilation. The room temperature, where this box is located, should be within + 24 ° С.Nestling, which is healthy should weigh about 70 grams.

Location of duck eggs for the incubator

Conclusion

Experience is the best teacher, therefore, the more often a person brings out the ducklings, the more qualitatively and efficiently he gets it. And although poultry farming in our country is not yet developed. Over time, the situation will change significantly.

The main rules include temperature, humidity, irrigation and proper observance of coups.

Of course, breeding ducklings in an incubator at home is a painstaking affair. But if you follow all the steps, it does not cause any difficulties. Over time, the novice poultry breeder will have his secrets and he will learn to take into account even the slightest nuances. In the meantime, you should follow all the advice and gain experience.

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