The issue of ventilation arrangement is topical among apartment owners and private households. After all, immediately it is necessary not only to decide on the scheme, to create a project, but also to realize it by completing the installation work. Agree, it would be nice to arrange everything with your own hands, saving on the call of the master.
But you do not know where to start and how to act correctly? We will try to help - in this article options for installing the hood and their features are considered. So, one of the most simple solutions is an exhaust hood for a kitchen with an air duct. If desired, it is easy to arrange with your own hands, before starting work, having studied in detail all the nuances given in this material.
Also, the article is supplemented by photo collections of step-by-step assembly, installation and connection of an exhaust device. For a better understanding of the material presented, selected video clips for the manufacture of air ducts and connecting hoods.
The content of the article:
Features and rules for choosing a hood
- Varieties of kitchen designs
- Landmarks and nuances of choice
Specificity of the kitchen hood device
- Subtleties of the choice and installation of air ducts
- Equipment installation options
- Types and nuances of installation of ventilation channels
- Arrangement of an extract without box
- Conclusions and useful video on the topic
Features and rules for choosing a hood
In the kitchen exhaust hood is not only one of the elements of the ventilation system. Often it is an independent piece of interior, a certain accent or final chord of the chosen style solution for a particular room.
So that it functions perfectly and pleases with its impeccable appearance, it is necessary to choose the right option.
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The kitchen hood is designed to collect and remove air mass contaminated by suspended particles involved in the preparation of food outside the room.
Hoods with air ducts are connected to the general house ventilation shaft in high-rise buildings and with venkanalah private houses
Kitchen hood is selected in accordance with the working area of the hob or high-grade stove
Since volatile devices, in particular fans, are involved in kitchen hoods, they need power supply or use of batteries.
Kitchen hoods are made in a classic style, and in accordance with the stylistic currents of space, modern, hi-tech, etc.
According to the location of the main kitchen unit hoods are wall, island and corner. Island options are located in the center of the room.
For arranging the cooking zone in the corner produce corner models. However, instead of them you can install a regular wall type on the brackets.
By power, the hood is selected so that it can freely cope with the removal of polluted air for the period specified by the manufacturer.
Hood in the interior of the kitchen
Message option with ventilation
Cooker hood coverage
Variety of forms and stylistics
Using island hoods in the kitchen
Installing the hood in the corner of the room
Requirements for the choice of equipment for power
Varieties of kitchen designs
A variety of shapes, sizes, additional features and significant price variation makes it difficult to choose. First of all, it should be understood that the hood is equipment designed to remove exhaust air from a room that contains particles of grease, dust and an unpleasant odor.
For example, when a homeowner fries chops and wants to protect the rest of the family from this overly obsessive smell, he will turn on exhaust equipment. If the aroma of coffee soars in the room, then you can do without it.
It is important that the hood was designed for such loads and could successfully remove harsh and unpleasant odors in full. This is ensured by the purchase. device of the necessary power.
You should definitely look at the instructions of the model you like, paying particular attention to the maximum power limit. Here you need a reserve - the hood can not work at full power
When choosing equipment, you should carefully study the technical characteristics specified by the manufacturer in the accompanying documentation.
A suitable option is to remove the exhaust air volume, which is 3 times the volume of the kitchen. For example, if the area of the room is 12 m2, and the height of the ceilings is 2.7 m, then its volume is 12 * 2.7 = 32.4 m3.
To cope with its main function, the hood must remove at least 32.4 * 3 + 20% = 117 m3. A reserve of 20% is needed so that the device does not constantly work at the limit of its strength. Otherwise, such work will quickly disable it.
Many models of hoods are equipped with an original casing that can hide all the unsightly parts of the exhaust structure.
Preferred type of installation
By type of installation, all hoods can be divided into:
- built in;
The first type of equipment - built-in hood - has a more modest appearance. They are installed inside lockers or other kitchen furniture. In non-working condition, they are practically invisible.
Built-in kitchen unit wall hood will hide the most unsightly part of the duct and exhaust equipment. Not only can it be mounted in a cupboard, there will also be a place for kitchen utensils
The second type - open hoods - can have the most intricate shapes and sizes. Their cost can be shocking, especially if it is a designer model that exists in a single instance.
Cook Hood Form
Depending on the shape of the product, these hoods are distinguished:
The latter do not require the installation of an air duct with subsequent connection to the ventilation shaft of the house. This is a hood option. without venting.
Their design provides for the presence of several types of filters, among which carbon filter, fatty type filtering device and others, providing local air purification, and not its removal from the room.
All other options for extracts need arrangement of the ventilation duct. In terms of size, material used and the cost of the product, you can always choose the most suitable option, taking into account the wishes and financial possibilities of the owner of the house / apartment.
The air duct can compactly sit over the kitchen set or it is indecent to attract attention, grossly disturbing the harmony of the design.
Landmarks and nuances of choice
To extract the beautiful and useful part of the kitchen interior, it is necessary to choose a successful model. To do this, choose a product from a manufacturer with a good reputation.
The price does not have to be high, as long as all the quality documents, instructions for use and warranty are available from the seller. Otherwise, it is better to look at another option.
Ideal hood should perform the following functions:
- qualitatively remove odors;
- create a minimum of noise;
- aesthetic look;
- fit harmoniously into the interior.
The main purpose of this element of the ventilation system is the removal of exhaust air. No matter how beautiful and perfect was its design, but the failure to fulfill its main task makes such a hood a useless knickknack. To avoid this, when buying, special attention should be paid to power.
If a the hood is properly installed and connectedthen it makes noise not loud. If during the installation process mistakes were made, the wrong parts were selected, and the power of the device itself does not meet the required standards, you should prepare for a high level of noise - 50 decibels and more.
The high noise level from the working hood during cooking is guaranteed to provide a headache for its owner. If the noise level is 60 decibels or more, then measures should be taken to reduce it.
The main problem is to harmoniously fit the purchased hood into the existing kitchen interior. Especially when the vent is located at a considerable distance from its location.
Here will come to the rescue box construction for laying the duct from the exhaust hood to the entrance to the ventilation shaft of the house.
It is important to give the box and the hood an aesthetic appearance at the end of the installation work. This applies to both purchased equipment and home-made designs.
Even the most stylish and expensive model of the hood will look ridiculous if you do not properly arrange the ventilation channel
Specificity of the kitchen hood device
In addition to the equipment itself, additional materials will be required for the installation of a kitchen hood - the air duct and its fasteners, a box and fasteners for its installation.
It is advisable to immediately buy other consumables required for connection. It is more convenient when all the components will be of the same brand, so that a full match in color and size will be ensured.
Subtleties of the choice and installation of air ducts
Among the ducts offered in hardware stores, you can find the following:
- corrugated polymer;
- aluminum corrugation;
- corrugated stainless or galvanized steel;
- plastic round tube;
- plastic rectangular duct.
The most used for the arrangement of household ventilation - aluminum corrugation and plastic pipes of rectangular and round section.
This is due to the ease of installation, which even an inexperienced home craftsman can handle.
A corrugated plastic pipe as an air duct is the most undesirable option. It is better to buy an aluminum equivalent
For some inexpensive models of hoods in the kit is corrugated plastic. To use it or not - it depends on the type and size of the plate above which the exhaust equipment is to be installed.
If the kitchen is a gas stove, then the masters prefer to buy a good metal corrugation from a reliable manufacturer instead of the plastic that comes with it.
For the construction of domestic ventilation duct should choose a quality product. Too delicate and thin corrugated foil can rupture from careless handling during installation.
Metal corrugated pipe in some interiors blends harmoniously without the need to come up with options for its disguise. Although most often it has to be hidden by all possible means in order not to disturb the harmony of the kitchen space.
Aluminum corrugation on the background of an expensive kitchen set, made of natural wood, looks at least ridiculous
The corrugation is installed simply - one end of it is sufficient to attach to the exhaust pipe itself, and the second one to insert into the ventilation shaft grille.
As fastening use clamps, aluminum tape, sealant.
Corrugation scissor well, it is convenient to stretch and bend in any direction. This allows you to lay even long and intricate channels without sharp turns
Round and rectangular plastic pipes look more aesthetic. They do not bend in different directions. Their installation is also not difficult - all the details are attached to each other, as a designer.
To join buy special adapters. It is inconvenient that the turns here will be sharper, not smooth, as in the case of a corrugated pipe.
The undoubted advantage of such ducts is the geometric clarity of the lines. This allows you to organically look among other kitchen furniture, also has a strict geometry.
Choose for your kitchen should be exactly the option that more harmoniously fit into the interior. If the budget involves the use of a very small amount for the purchase of an air duct, then you can buy an inexpensive aluminum corrugation and skillfully disguise it.
It is worth paying attention that the necessary yardage of the corrugated pipe is measured in the stretched form. And the desired length of the plastic smooth pipe should be accurately measured at home, given that the turns will be clear.
Immediately you need to buy all adapters for pipes and preferably from the same manufacturer.
The use of adapters from round to rectangular cross section and vice versa is badly reflected in the ventilation duct. If possible, you should refuse such a decision.
Another important point when buying a ventilation duct is the selection of the correct diameter recommended by the manufacturer of the hood. A smaller or larger pipe size will contribute to the poor performance of the equipment. It is also best to purchase all the fasteners of one company.
Equipment installation options
When the hood and all the additional parts are purchased, it remains to be delivered and connect to the ventilation system.
There are 2 options for this type of work:
- own hands;
- professional hands.
Each of the options has its pros and cons.
The sequence of work on the construction of the hood with a flexible duct will demonstrate a selection of photos:
A photo of
The exhaust air duct is discharged through a separate opening into the common house shaft. This is necessary for the normal operation of ventilation in the kitchen. Drill a hole of the appropriate diameter
The corrugated pipe used in the ductwork device, we try on the hole drilled to determine the fit and length
To fix the masking bell of the hood and directly drill the device itself, pre-doing the marking on the wall
In the drilled holes install dowels and twist them into the screws for hanging hoods
The corrugated pipe is cut off with ordinary scissors in accordance with the length measured during the first fitting.
We carry out the fitting of the hood and the masking bell to the installation site. If necessary, trim the corrugation or change the position of the equipment
We connect the corrugated air duct with the hood within the masking bell
We make a final installation of the hood connected to the ventilation shaft through a corrugated duct
Step 1: Drill a hole to exit into the vent shaht
Step 2: Fitting corrugations to the installation site
Step 3: Drill Hole Mounting Holes
Step 4: Attach the dowels and tighten the screws
Step 5: Trimming Corrugated Surplus
Step 6: Fitting the structure to the installation site
Step 7: Connect the flutes to the hood from the inside
Step 8: Hanging the hood at the place of installation
If you trust the masters, you will have to pay a decent amount for their services.
And it does not make sense to call a cheap brigade - they can be “out of their hands” by poor specialists who can spoil expensive equipment.
For installation, adapters, clamps, fasteners, silicone sealant and other consumables may be needed. They are worth buying along with the duct and box, having calculated in advance
The first option is more reliable if the house master has some experience in repair or construction work. When the owner does everything with his hands, he knows what and where it is delivered.
Also, no one will deceive himself - all work will be performed efficiently. Only you need to carefully study the instructions so as not to lose the warranty on the hood.
When performing work on their own, important are:
- correct connection;
- great appearance.
To ensure the safety of the installed element of the ventilation system, it is necessary to accurately follow the instructions and recommendations of the manufacturer. After all, each model hoods its own characteristics.
The materials used in manufacturing are also different - stainless steel withstands higher temperatures than plastic.
To work with elements of the ventilation system of the kitchen, made of stainless steel, you will need metal clamps, adapters and ventilation grille
To independently connect the kitchen hood to ventilation, you must first attach it. For this, the recommendations of the manufacturer, contained in the instruction manual, are useful.
Each type of hood has its own installation features. For example, for embedded models, you will have to cut a hole in the bottom of the kitchen cabinet, and domes are attached to the wall with fasteners that come with the kit.
Having installed the hood, it is necessary to attach a duct to it, the second end of which is attached to the entrance to the ventilation shaft of the house. It will not be superfluous to install immediately and check valve.
It is the type of duct used to connect the hood in the kitchen to the ventilation system that determines the duration and complexity of the subsequent work.
Smooth plastic pipes of round section fit well into the interior of the kitchen, made in bright colors
If the selected ventilation duct does not fit the overall style composition, then it will have to be masked. For these purposes, special boxes are used.
Such products can not only hide the duct, but also decorate the kitchen space. But their installation may require a master of considerable strength and skills.
Types and nuances of installation of ventilation channels
To mask the individual elements of the ventilation equipment, you can purchase a special box. Most often you want to hide the duct, knocked out of the big picture.
It is for this component of kitchen ventilation that you can build a box with your own hands. Which option is appropriate in a particular room - only its owner will decide.
The meters of the pipe, stretching from the hood to the mine, can kill even the most original idea of the room design. It is better to choose the option to mask the duct
Depending on the material of manufacture, you can buy the following options boxes:
- stainless steel;
Next, we consider the features of each of the voiced options.
Features of the use of plastic
Plastic pipes used as an air duct are often called ducts. Due to their clear geometric shape, they do not require the use of any additional material for masking.
Unless in the absence of a desired shade on sale, they can be painted with a moisture-proof and heat-resistant paint. Such a move will allow the ventilation duct to become inconspicuous.
A photo of
For the construction of an air duct made of plastic pipes, we purchase the necessary parts by drawing up a plan of the route in advance and measuring its sections.
We install the element with a check valve in the hole communicating with the general wash-out ventilation shaft
Check the operation of the ventilation check valve. If it does not work correctly, i.e. opens toward the room, adjust the location of the device
We assemble a plastic air duct on the floor, check the length of its sections with a tape measure and check with the actual dimensions for the future installation site
We disassemble the structure in order to move it upward in detail and to connect it there. The joining places are treated with a suitable sealant.
We assemble the canal according to a previously drawn up plan, connect it to the air inlet
We connect the hood to the power supply and check the operation of the exhaust system with the air duct
During operation of the device with a sheet of paper we check the tightness of butt joints. If everything is in order, proceed to operation
Step 1: Plastic Duct Parts
Step 2: Arrangement of an exit to the ventilation shaft
Step 3: Check Valve Check Validity
Step 4: Build the structure on the floor in the room
Step 5: Starting the assembly channel
Step 6: Connecting the duct to the exhaust port
Step 7: Connect the hood to test the action
Step 8: Tightness Control
Metal exhaust ducts
Metal boxes are an expensive solution. They are interconnected as well as plastic, using adapters.
But in view of the greater weight, they require more reliable fixation along the route of the ventilation duct.
Stainless steel used for the manufacture of exhaust boxes can be of different thickness. This material fits perfectly into the kitchen, made in the style of high-tech. Immediately you can not guess what was inside the aluminum corrugation
Wooden box construction
Exhaust box made of wood gives a special atmosphere to the room. These products should be used in wooden houses, where all pieces of furniture are simple and made of environmentally friendly materials.
For an apartment, the use of wooden boxes is also permissible, the main thing is that the design style of the kitchen matches.
For the installation of wooden boxes should use materials recommended by the manufacturer. It is best to immediately purchase all fasteners and adapters when purchasing a box.
Making a box of drywall
Another material used for the manufacture of boxes - drywall. It is used by craftsmen who prefer to make their own structure for the ventilation duct.
Independent construction of the exhaust box allows you to implement any design idea, without relying on the standard sizes of purchased products
Typically, such a box putty, ground and dyed in a suitable color. Immediately, at the stage of installation, they build a backlight.
This distracts attention, giving the room an unusual look due to a two-level ceiling and additional light sources.
Looking at the leveling of the ceiling, it is difficult to assume that all this is implemented to hide the duct. For such works, it is better to invite specialists.
Arrangement of an extract without box
Kitchen hood with air duct can be arranged without the use of boxes.
This happens in such cases:
- mine is located nearby;
- use of a suspended ceiling;
- exhaust hood without duct;
- plastic pipes of rectangular / round section.
To disguise the hood itself, sometimes a kitchen cabinet is used.
The most successful location of the hood is under the hole in the ventilation shaft. In this case, the corrugation can be closed with a beautiful hood hood.
Some models are completed with a decorative casing, which successfully hides all the excess from the picky look of the kitchen owner
If the installation of a suspended ceiling is foreseen in the kitchen, then all structures of the exhaust system will hide well under it. The main thing is to warn the masters who will deal with the ceiling.
When the kitchen is equipped with an exhaust hood without a ventilation duct, there is no need for a box. In the case of using plastic pipes as an air duct with a rectangular or round section, it is quite possible to do without a box.
Plastic pipes made by a bona fide manufacturer may not lose their visual appeal for a long time.
Conclusions and useful video on the topic
Step-by-step video on collecting the air duct for a kitchen hood from rectangular plastic pipes with a section of 60x120:
Visual video guide on the manufacture of ducts for the duct, simulating a two-level ceiling. For greater effect, it is equipped with decorative lighting:
A short video about the features of the installation of plastic ducts:
Video instruction on the installation of the hood:
After studying the features of the installation of the hood and its connection to the ventilation shaft of the house, you can choose the most suitable option for your kitchen.
In the case when the budget is limited, all the installation of the hood, duct and box can be done by yourself. It is possible to pick up all components of a kitchen ventilation system in an inexpensive price range..
Did you install the kitchen hood yourself and connected the duct to the ventilation system? Or maybe you have experience in making the original duct box? Share your knowledge with newcomers to this business - leave comments on this article.