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Almost all people on earth like to eat deliciously, so millions of recipes of various dishes were created to help the housewives. Many people know how to prepare oyster mushrooms, but wise advice will not prevent anyone.
Read also: a recipe for soup from dried mushrooms!
This unique product is considered absolutely safe for food, as it is grown artificially. It is not affected by harmful substances, which are often in the atmosphere and it remains an environmentally friendly product.
To make oyster mushrooms delicious, you need to carefully choose them. They should be practically identical in form, do not have a musty smell, without external damages and black spots.
Secrets of spicy snacks from peculiar mushrooms
Who does not agree that oyster mushrooms are unusually tasty and nutritious? Due to their versatility, they are suitable for marinating, pickling, soups and second courses. Used as a filling for pies, in salads and ordinary frying. The main thing is to have a clear idea of how to properly prepare oyster mushrooms.
Never eat old specimens. They are pretty tough and unpleasant to the taste.
To ensure that the appetizer has an excellent taste, the following seasonings are added to it:
- white or black ground pepper;
- Bay leaf;
Such a set of spices allows a new way to reveal the taste of mushrooms, regardless of the dish. As a rule, spices are put in a snack at the final stage of cooking. Otherwise, they will lose their flavor and flavor notes.
How to cook fried mushrooms oyster mushrooms so that they do not lose their properties? A few useful tips will help create a real masterpiece. For starters, the product is thoroughly washed with running water, and the visible dirt is removed. Preheat a deep frying pan with a little olive or vegetable oil. Then carefully place oyster mushrooms there. Stew about 15 minutes.
To improve the taste of mushrooms, onion before frying can be marinated. First, chopped pieces are poured hot water for 10 minutes. When the bitterness is gone, the water is drained. Add half a teaspoon of vinegar, sugar, spices. Another 15 minutes and the onion is ready.
There are many popular detailed recipes for how to cook oyster mushrooms.
In sour cream
The products are based on 6 small servings:
- sour cream about 400 grams;
- 2 or 3 onions;
- Bay leaf;
- olive or vegetable oil;
- 1 kg of oyster mushrooms.
Cut the onions into small pieces, put them in a frying pan with heated vegetable fat. Fry until golden brown.
Mushrooms are shredded in the form of straws, then spread on the preheated container and stew for about 5 minutes.
On a form from the oven, spread the fried onions with a thin layer to cover the entire surface. On top of it lay oyster mushrooms. Add salt, spices, laurel. Fill with sour cream. Again form the level of the cooked products. From above - sour cream. The form is put in the oven for 50 minutes.
The temperature should be about 200 degrees.
Set of products:
- 1 kilogram of oyster mushrooms;
- several bulbs;
- Spices (pepper ground red, clove, laurel);
- dry spices;
- vinegar (5%).
Fresh mushrooms washed with clean water, preferably under pressure. Remove the visible debris, the hard part and cut with straw or cubes. Fold in a deep saucepan, pour liquid, add laurel, cloves. Cook for about 20 minutes.
That the product turned out excellent, the main thing it not to digest. Better let it be hard, than soft and not pleasant to the taste.
Hot oysters are poured into a strainer or colander to make them glass. In this period, chop the garlic and cut the onions into semicircles.
Cooled mushrooms are put in a wide container. Season with a marinade, consisting of vinegar, sugar and spices. Add salt, according to your preferences, chopped onions, garlic, carrots. All mix thoroughly. The prepared dish is put on the refrigerator for 24 hours.
Serving for dinner, the mixture is watered with vegetable fat. You can sprinkle with chopped green onions.
Preparation of the first dish, where the main ingredient is oyster mushrooms, requires special attention. No wonder knowledgeable people say: "The East is a delicate matter." Going to the question seriously, let's try to consider the secrets of Asian concoction.
- oyster mushrooms;
- rice or homemade noodles;
- chicken fillet and broth;
- vegetable oil;
- green onions;
- Bulgarian pepper;
- soy sauce.
At the very beginning of the process, peel the Bulgarian pepper, ginger and cut into strips. Mushrooms and chicken are cut into portions.Grind the garlic.
The heated frying pan is poured with vegetable fat. Spread in her oyster mushrooms seasoned with seasonings. Fry about 5 minutes, until the appearance of juice. Throw into the mixture of chicken fillets and stew until the liquid completely evaporates.
The next stage is soy sauce, Bulgarian pepper, and buckwheat. Boil on low heat for 5 minutes. Then the products are transferred to chicken broth, which was prepared in advance.
Boil rice noodles in salted water. Dip it into a broth with chicken and mushrooms. Squeeze the lemon juice into it, add the chopped onion and mix. Asian soup can be served for lunch.
Obligatory requirement - to take out the broth from the broth. Before meals, insist on the dish for at least 15 minutes.
Sometimes, on cold winter evenings, I really want to try something unusual. Who will refuse if they offer pickled mushrooms oyster mushrooms? Almost nobody, even the most inveterate gourmets. Prepare a "masterpiece" can only be in 24 hours.For the case, a set of products (per 1 kg of mushrooms) will be required:
- fresh young oyster mushrooms;
- 600 grams of water;
- 2 tbsp. spoons of table salt;
- 1 tbsp. a spoonful of sugar;
- 4 tbsp. spoons of vinegar;
- pepper (peas) and cloves, not less than 6 pieces of each seasoning;
- dried fennel in stems;
- 2 cloves of garlic;
- 1 tablespoon vegetable oil.
Fresh mushrooms are cut from the main bunch, removing the solid foundation. Wash, pour into a saucepan, add spices, pour water and put on fire. When the liquid boils, mix the mixture with vinegar, continuing to cook for about 25 minutes.
Oyster mushrooms are put in cans. Free space is filled with brine, leaving little room for vegetable fat. The tanks are placed in the basement or refrigerator. A day later the snack is ready.
As practice shows, oyster mushrooms are widely used in cooking, and cooking recipes are available even for inexperienced housewives. To always be on the dining table, they can be grown on their own.
Mushroom garden in the basement
To harvest 365 days a year, it is important to know the basics of how to grow oyster mushrooms on your own. In fact, this is not so difficult, if you follow simple advice. First of all, you need to prepare a room in which a stable microclimate should be maintained. The optimum temperature is not higher than 20 degrees, not lower than 10. Humidity is between 85 and 90 percent. Purity. There should be no pests and mold on the walls. To achieve these goals, you may need to do a general cleaning of the basement and disinfection.
The next step is the acquisition of a special substrate in bags for the oyster mushroom, which must be further processed. The following options are applied:
- Hydrothermia - use of hot water.
- Pasteurization - a damp substratum is blown by steam.
- Xerothermia - dry soil is hot steam.
Due to this, the substrate is filled with oxygen and becomes more friable. It will perfectly develop the root system of the fungus.
The previously acquired mycelium of oyster mushrooms is placed in the soil in small layers. For example, 6 cm of soil cm of mushroom spores. The upper level is compulsorily covered with earth. Bags tie, leaving a small hole at the top. In a staggered way, make slits up to 2 cm, every 15 cm and fold in the basement.The incubation period tentatively lasts a maximum of 15 days.
The temperature in the room should be from 18 to 22 degrees, with regular airing.
On day 4 white threads of mycelium appear, which eventually penetrate the entire thickness of the soil. To grow mushroom oyster mushroom was successful, after the incubation period, the following steps are taken:
- lowering the temperature in the basement to a minimum of 10 degrees;
- lighting at least 10 hours a day;
- artificial increase of humidity, by spraying the walls and floors of the room;
- airing (4 times a day).
Do not allow liquid to enter the substrate, so as not to affect the growth of fungi.
If everything is done according to the rules, soon enough the germs of new plants appear in the slots. Within 15 days, more fruits will appear, which quickly develop, turning into pretty "bouquets." Collect them better not by cutting, but twisting out of the ground. The photo shows magnificent mushrooms of oyster mushrooms grown in the basement.
When the first wave of harvesting takes place, carefully ventilate the room. After 2 weeks, new shoots appear. The principle of operation is the same: temperature, humidity, light, harvesting of fruits. There can be several such periods. When the fungal blocks no longer bear fruit, they are replaced by others. The used substrate is an excellent fertilizer for the infield area of the suburban area. Apparently, to grow mushrooms oyster mushrooms on their own, is available to everyone. The main thing is to have a desire, set a goal, act and show patience.