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At the end of summer in the garden areas you can see a bright yellow plant with small flowers, collected in a pyramidal panicle. This is the goldenrod. And this is not just a plant, but a honey plant and, besides, a medicine that saves us from many diseases. In the people it is also called the "golden pen the "golden rod the live grass, and in Belarus the "baggy bag". The distribution area covers the forest zones of the Western part of Siberia, the Atlantic and Middle Europe, the Caucasus, Scandinavia, the Far East.
The most popular are two varieties: the Canadian goldenrod (the photos are shown below) and the ordinary one. Let us consider in more detail the appearance of each of them.
It is a herbaceous plant, perennial, belonging to the family of Compositae. In general, he prefers to grow on glades, in thickets of bushes, on fringes, river banks, hilly slopes. In the adult state, the height of the golden feather reaches -1 m.
The root system is superficial, fleshy. There is a single upright stalk, sometimes painted in a reddish hue. The top of the plant branched, although the stem itself is practically not sheltered by foliage. The latter has a regular location, a serrate margin and an acute and oblong-elliptical shape. What is noteworthy, across the whole area of the bag is a slight opulence.
The plant is poisonous!
At the end of the summer from July to September, the top of the stem is formed by inflorescences of racemose or paniculate form, which include a large number of bright yellow flowers. At the end of flowering, from August to October, a fetus is formed, containing ribbed cylindrical-shaped seeds with a tuft.
Golden Cowberry Canadian
This type of plant also refers to perennial forms of Compositae. It occurs mainly along roads, on glades, marshes, fringes, river and lake shores. As for the soil, the favorite place is moderately moist, but at the same time the plant develops well on weakly and even marshy areas.
The root is short, rod-shaped. The stem is identical to the previous variety of goldenrod, it is only colored in tones from light to dark green, and the height of the plant reaches, m. There is also a slight pubescence. On the stalk alternately are leaves of linear-lanceolate form, and below, they have serrate margins and a short petiole, and nearer to the top are sessile and entire margins.
Flowering begins with the opening of bright yellow small (3-5 mm) bisexual buds and the further formation of a cone-shaped panicle to 20 cm. In the middle of the panicle, the flowers are tubular, and at the edges they are false-tongued. At the end of flowering narrow-cylindrical fruits are formed in the form of ribbed achenes, with white tufts.
There is such a kind of plant, but it is less popular. It differs in its compact size and beautiful foliage. It was this specimen that gave life to other varieties, such as goldtanne, spatgold, fearnickron, perkeo.
Goldenrod: planting and care (with a photo of the plant)
In order for the plant to please the eye with its bright flowering, it is necessary to properly care for the plant during the growth period.
For planting, it is best to choose places well illuminated by the sun's rays. But even in light shading, the golden pen will grow beautifully. But you must know that this has different effects on flowering: the brighter the illumination, the earlier it is more abundant. It is worth adding that the plant is well tolerated by frost.
It is preferable to plant the plant on fertile loam, so the blooming will be much more magnificent. But you can land in heavy and poor soils. A minor drought is not a problem for the baggy. Nevertheless, for a better bloom, you should water it regularly.
In summer, watering should be abundant.
For a year the goldenrod must be fertilized twice. With the onset of spring, this fertilizer is a complex composition with 10-20% nitrogen content. But in the autumn time, nutrients are needed with preparations with a nitrogen content of no more than 10% or without it at all.
In the spring, and also from the beginning of summer, the bushes need to remove weak shoots. This will stimulate the growth of new, as well as flowering. Before winter, the plant should be prepared. For this, the entire earth's part is completely cut off.
In one place, the goldenrod can be left no more than 10 years. After the middle of the bushes thinning and it will need to be updated by planting new specimens.
You can increase the number of copies in several ways:
- Seedlings of bushes in spring or summer.
- Cuttings. For this, in summer a pair of young shoots are separated, dividing the root system. You can also trim the tip from a long one-year shoot, and then root.
- Another way is to cut off the shoot during the flowering period. This will stimulate sleeping buds and give growth to new shoots.
- Seminal. The collected planting material is sown in the soil at 18-22 ° C. After 2-3 weeks, the first shoots can be observed. It is worth noting that the seeds, thanks to their tufts, fly around and give new growth, gradually turning into thickets. To avoid this, young shoots need to be removed, and the panicle after flowering is cut off to prevent the seeds from ripening.
Diseases and pests
In the heat, the plant is often affected by powdery mildew due to the strong thickening of the bushes. To prevent this, bushes should be regularly thinned, removing a third of the shoots. Do not zealous and in the addition of nitrogenous fertilizers. Their surplus also provokes the appearance of the disease.
It is noteworthy that the goldenrod is not affected by pests.
Due to its brightness, the golden rod is widely used as a hedgerow, in group and solitary plantings, for mixboarders, and as decorations for curbs. Grades with low height look great in rock gardens in containers on terraces or balconies.
Therapeutic properties and contraindications of the goldenrod
In medicine, a Canadian or an ordinary bag is preferred. Consider the medicinal effect of each.
The healing properties of an ordinary goldenrod
For treatment, the aerial parts of the plant, in particular foliage and panicles, are used. The root system is also used, but much less often. For harvesting the ground part are taken in the summer in the flowering period, underground - in the fall.
The plant and all the medicinal infusions, decoctions and other preparations prepared from it have:
- Antibacterial and antioxidant action.
- Due to the presence of flavonoids, capillary permeability decreases.
- In some cases, it is included in the fees recommended for the treatment of prostate adenoma and impotence.
- The effectiveness of oxalate and urate rocks is noted.
- Diuretic action, therefore, are effectively used for problems with the bladder and kidneys.
- Anti-inflammatory and vasoconstrictive properties.
- Successfully used in the treatment of cystitis, chronic prostatitis, urethritis.
- Antifungal properties, which makes it possible to treat thrush.
Goldenrod is contraindicated to use in phosphate stones, because it has the ability to increase the pH of urine.
Also, ordinary sovnik is used in folk medicine, for example, with stomach disorders, gout, rheumatism, in the treatment of boils. In the latter case, the leaves of the plant are used as a remedy if they are applied to a sore spot.
The healing properties of the Canadian goldenrod
This grade also uses the aboveground part, which is harvested as soon as the flowers blossom.
The collection of medicinal raw materials is carried out during the flowering period (at the initial stage). For this, the upper 30-40 cm is cut from the shoots. Further preparation differs from the usual golden pen. From the cut off tops, the stems are removed and only panicles and leaves are subjected to drying. Then they are sent to the shade at a temperature of no more than 35-40 ° C, placing a thin layer on the substrate.
Do not over tighten the collection of material, otherwise the drying will cause the flowers to crumble.
From the prepared raw materials are prepared medicinal products, which are used for the same diseases as the usual dumpling. This list also includes the fight against pertussis, enuresis, bronchial asthma, various skin problems.
Now you are familiar with the useful properties of the goldenrod, contraindications and care for it. With all the recommendations, you can beautifully arrange the fence of your site, making it live and bright yellow, and will also be able to improve your health. However, do not forget to consult your doctor beforehand.