Delicious crispy cucumbers, fresh, salted, marinated, as an additive to salads are always welcome on our table. Growing cucumbers in a polycarbonate greenhouse will give you the opportunity to harvest this popular vegetable all year round, to please your loved ones with natural, fresh produce from your garden.
- Place for the greenhouse
- Preparation of soil in a greenhouse for cucumbers
- Planting cucumbers in a greenhouse, caring for them
- The best sorts of cucumbers for polycarbonate greenhouses
Cucumber is one of the most popular hothouse vegetables, and polycarbonate designs are ideal for growing it. This building material keeps heat well, has the necessary light transmittance, is able to protect tender shoots, leaves from scorching rays. One of the basic requirements for the erection of a polycarbonate greenhouse is the presence of windows for full ventilation and ventilation.
Greenhouses for cucumbers from polycarbonate are ideally suited for growing vegetables of heat-loving varieties. This coating material has a cellular structure, is an ideal heat insulator, which helps to maintain the necessary microclimate inside the greenhouse. Heated by the day does not have time to cool down during the night - this factor creates protection for plants during the spring or autumn cold snaps.
Translucent polycarbonate sheet has a low weight, as well as high strength and ductility. Greenhouses made of this material (subject to competent construction calculations) can be used all year round, do not be afraid of wind, snow, rain. Any system of internal infrastructures (heating, irrigation, ventilation, lighting) is available for installation in greenhouse polycarbonate.↑ back to content ↑
Place for the greenhouse
Choosing a place for a greenhouse made of polycarbonate for cucumbers, you need to determine the fragment of the site, which is constantly under the sun. Nothing should interfere with the access of sunlight - this factor will help to save on heating, provide plants with favorable conditions for growth and development. It is important that the main area of the roof (top) of the greenhouse "look" to the south.
Also it is necessary to take into account the close location of large trees, other buildings - the shadow from them should not obscure the greenhouse. If you install the structure on a constantly blown location, then heat loss will not be long in coming. Constant blowing of the walls of the greenhouse will reduce the temperature inside, adversely affect the plants. Under such conditions, such a method is very helpful: at a distance of 3 or 5 meters from the greenhouse, from a windy side, install a fence or plant a row of dense shrubs. Such a barrier is able to significantly reduce the effect of wind, help to keep the heat.Greenhouses for cucumbers are not built for one year, so the possibility of access to water for irrigation, electricity must also be calculated and accounted for in advance.
The slope of the soil on the selected site, its quality is an important aspect. The greenhouse should be located only on an even surface of the ground, which should not be excessively loose or soft. Marshy soil is unfavorable for the installation of greenhouses. The best place for building is a small hill, dry ground. To install a greenhouse better from the east to the west, then the sun's rays will cover a large area.↑ back to content ↑
Preparation of soil in a greenhouse for cucumbers
Cucumber is a sun-loving plant, when you get the necessary amount of water, a generous harvest will not keep you waiting. Preliminary preparation of the soil includes treatment with chlorine lime - this procedure destroys pests, harmful microorganisms. For the same purposes, biofungicides are used: "Fitosporin "Phytocide "Trichodermin "Healthy soil".
To plant the seeds, as well as seedlings, the temperature of the soil must be warmed up. With the help of a bayonet shovel, the beds are 80-120 cm wide, the depth should be about 30 cm. According to the trenches obtained, the organic fertilizer is laid - fresh manure, last year's foliage, hay, straw, sawdust can also be used. From above everything is covered with earth, with a layer no more than 30 cm.
Thus, we obtain beds with biological heating, because when decomposing manure gives off heat. To enhance the effect it is desirable to cover the soil (after planting seeds) with polyethylene linen. A peculiar greenhouse inside the greenhouse will create an ideal microclimate for pecking cucumber seeds.↑ back to content ↑
Planting cucumbers in a greenhouse, caring for them
In most cases, before planting the seedlings in the greenhouse, it is pre-germinated in special pots for about 3 weeks. If you grow cucumbers in a polycarbonate greenhouse, you will not need to pre-board. That is, the planting of cucumber seeds is done purposefully in the soil. The most convenient time for sowing is considered to be the last days of March or the first April of March. After 21 days after immersion of seeds in the soil germinated sprouts can be planted throughout the greenhouse..
It should be ensured that not more than 5 cucumber bush grow on one square meter of the soil. The greater the density of the plantation, the lower the yield.
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Recommendations for growing cucumbers:
- In the soil, small indentations are made, where the seeds are placed to a depth of 1-2 cm. The earth is poured from above, it is pressed down a little, after which it is watered. Seeds can be either pre-germinated or dry.
- To preserve the required microclimate, future bushes can be covered with a polyethylene film or plastic cup.
- For favorable growth, the cucumber in the greenhouse requires maintaining the required temperature level: at night - 12-14 ° C and 15-17 ° C in the daytime. First, before emergence, the temperature should be at least 25-27 ° C, and with the appearance of sprouts - 20-22 ° C in the daytime, and at night - 15-17 ° C. On the one hand, you can open the window for ventilation, if the outside temperature has already risen to 20 ° C.
- Do not forget about the timely watering of the seedlings, -3 liters of water per 1 square meter will be enough.
The cultivation of cucumbers in a polycarbonate greenhouse provides for the basic care criteria:
- timely watering;
- ventilation and ventilation;
- top dressing of soil;
- loosening of the soil.
Cucumbers prefer a humid climate, so watering should be timely, quality. Ideally - before planting cucumbers in a greenhouse, it is best to install a system of automatic drip irrigation..
In any case, watering the plants should be done by warm, but not cold water, which, as is known, slows down growth. When watering, make sure that water does not fall on the leaves of cucumbers. Keep the soil loose, the process of loosening is done carefully, as the stems of cucumbers are fragile. When it's warm outside, open the hothouse windows - good air exchange favorably affects the growth of cucumbers..
If you will competently fertilize cucumbers in a greenhouse, cultivation and fructification will occur much faster. At first, shoots do not need fertilizers, but the addition of nitrogen feed for normal growth will not prevent. From the beginning of flowering it is necessary to introduce phosphorus fertilizers, and when the first fruits appear, potassium-nitrogen make-up. To make top dressing of plants is best in the evening, before watering.
Both for greenhouse cucumbers, and for those grown on the open ground, the same fertilizers are suitable: manure, bird litter, mullein. Potassium, nitrate fertilizing, superphosphate must regularly feed each bush.↑ back to content ↑
The best sorts of cucumbers for polycarbonate greenhouses
A competent choice of seeds is an important moment on which the future harvest depends. Not every kind of seed is suitable for greenhouse cultivation. If cucumbers should be pollinated by insects, then they will not work for a greenhouse, although some gardeners go to tricks - they put sweet honey lures at the open doors of the greenhouse.
Most often, the owners of greenhouses choose their parthenocarpic varieties of cucumbers (hybrids) that bear fruit without pollination. To date, there is a wide selection of hybrid varieties, they do not require pre-soaking, go on sale already subjected to disinfecting treatment.
Positively, such hybrids as Aristocrat F1, Courage F1, German F1, Tempo F1, "Halli also a good sort of cucumber for greenhouses - hybrids of Czech selection - Blanka F1, Daphne F1, SM 5341 F1.
Before selecting seeds from the presented variety, decide what is the priority for you: flavoring quality, yield, saline or salad indices, ease of care during cultivation or breeding innovations?
Make timely fertilizing of bushes, watch the regularity of watering, provide plants with a good airing, in time harvest. If you take into account the basic rules, strictly observe them, positive and productive results will not take long. Cultivation of cucumbers in a greenhouse made of polycarbonate is a taste of summer, a storehouse of vitamins all year round!
If you need cucumbers for sale, then without a doubt choose a hybrid Courage F1 - an attractive appearance and generous harvest fees are provided to you. An excellent option for salting and preserving is the variety of Emelya, without unpleasant bitterness and thorns - Connie. A sweet taste and an amazing flavor can boast varieties Cupid and Baby.
Separately, it is worth mentioning the Latin letter "F which can be seen on packages with seeds. So hybrids are designated, and the letter 1 following the letter indicates the first order. Such seeds are obtained from hybridization of different varieties, they have a higher cost, better rates of germination and fertility.
To date, the best varieties of cucumbers for polycarbonate greenhouses are:
- "Cheetah F1" - resistant to diseases, excellent taste, fruits of medium size (10-13 cm).
- "Cupid F1" - great for canning and use in salads, has medium fruits (13-15 cm), "throws out" several greenies at the same time.
- "Mazai F 1" - cucumber-gherkins early ripening (on the 40th day after the appearance of sprouts). They have medium fruits (10-15 cm), which are tied in several pieces in one inflorescence and ripen together. Resistant to common cucumber diseases, well suited for preservation and consumption in salads.
- "Emerald F1" - is distinguished by high yields, due to which it is allowed to land no more than 3 bushes per 1 square meter. This sort of cucumber for a greenhouse is ideal for salting and salads. Fruits of medium size (12-15 cm), have a rich "emerald" color.
- "Orpheus F1" - a very fruitful variety, the fruits completely lacking bitterness, there are distinctive white strips on the peel, the average size (8-12 cm).
- "Romance F1" - differs "fluffy" fruits of a neat size (10-13 cm), has an excellent taste and the optimal form for canning, pickling, pickling. Resistant to diseases.
The interesting greenhouse variety of cucumbers was brought out by the firm "Hardwicke it is called - "Crunchy". These fruits are distinguished by a striking taste, ideal for use in any form, and especially saline and canned..
In fact, there are much more varieties of cucumbers, among the variety available today, every vegetable gardener will be able to find exactly the sort that will suit him 100%.