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Various complexes are used for more effective and prolonged flowering of indoor plants. Fertilizer for orchids is developed taking into account the specifics of the plant. The compositions are used at certain points of the growing season and only for a healthy flower. Even fertilizer labeled “for orchids” should be used with caution and in a lower concentration than indicated on the labels.
Basic rules for the application of fertilizers
The main active ingredients of fertilizers are nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium. On labels, they are denoted by N: P: K as a percentage. If you need to increase the green mass, more nitrogen is needed, phosphorus is needed for flowering, and potassium is responsible for viability and cellular processes. In complex formulations, trace elements are present. Vitamin cocktail for orchids is also useful, as well as for humans.
Rules for the application of fertilizers for orchids:
- fertilizers cannot be used during transplantation and during the adaptation period of a plant;
- comply with the time of fertilization, guided by the biological cycle;
- does not fertilize orchids during flowering and during treatment or rehabilitation;
- root dressings are made only after watering so as not to cause a chemical burn to the roots;
- feed orchids depending on conditions, but not more often than twice a month.
The frequency of feeding depends on the environment. In hot summertime and on short days, winters are fed with caution once a month.
Orchid fertilizer for flowering has a composition of 4: 6: 6.Top dressing is used during the period when the plant is gaining strength for long-term flowering, but two weeks before the opening of the first bud, fertilizer irrigation is stopped.
Fertilizers need to be used carefully. Substances not absorbed by the plant, remaining in the substrate, poison it. Without fertilizing, orchids will develop and bloom, overdosing can lead to death.
When fertilizing young orchids, to build up the root system and leaves, you need to use the compound 4: 3: 3.A grower's first-aid kit contains preparations in various ratios of the main nutritional elements. Flower growers willingly use proven compounds from well-known manufacturers in the care of orchids - “Garden Miracle”, Bona Forte, “Oasis”.
You can check whether fertilizer is suitable for orchids by yourself:
- acidity pH 5-7;
- low concentration of nutrient salts;
- used soluble chelates;
- composition must contain trace element supplements, be complex;
- presence of stimulants increases the value of the drug.
The use of organic fertilizers is dangerous due to unpredictable composition and large amounts of nitrogen.
Examples of known fertilizers from different manufacturers can be the following formulations.
- Agricola, a special mineral fertilizer for orchids. Easy to use. The composition contains all the necessary substances in soluble form. For foliar fertilizing, this aerosol formulation is called “Dr. Foley”.
- Bona Forte Formulations are a complex food for orchids with a vitamin cocktail and microelements. Of the proposed drugs, this one is the most affordable.
- Soil "Fusco" and the eponymous drug developed specifically for orchids. In this composition, a balanced diet contributes to the rapid development of young plants.
Manufacturers produce new drugs, but the orchid fertilizer should be approached carefully. It is necessary to use the composition at the rate of 10 drops per liter of the working solution. Feeding of roots is carried out by immersing the pot in the prepared solution for 20 minutes. And foliar top dressing with fertilizer for orchids is carried out only if necessary to rid the leaves of chlorosis. In this case, the leaves are sprayed on both sides, trying to moisten and aerial roots. After you need to drain the drops in the sinuses. Flowers need to cover up during processing.
Application of cytokinin paste for breeding on orchids
The appearance of babies on orchid at home is an infrequent phenomenon. Pasta, where the active substance cytoconin stimulates cell division in any biological object. In humans, they remove scars with the help of ricotine, and in orchids, they promote the active growth of dormant buds.
Use an orchid paste by applying it in a place where there is a bud sleeping under the scales. It is necessary to remove the protection and apply a little paste on the open kidney. This provokes the beginning of the growth of the baby or the flower arrow. You need to leave in the node only one escape, and remove the rest. Depending on the strength of the root system, no more than 3 neoplasms can be stimulated at the same time. These can be babies or flowers. It must be remembered that the orchid during the intensive growth of children requires particularly careful care.
The sequence of operations for obtaining children using cytokinin paste for orchids is shown in the figure.
The composition is stored in the refrigerator and it takes quite a bit of preparation to grow a new orchid or peduncle.
Use the stimulator you need, guided by the biological cycle of the plant. Better in early spring, before awakening the orchid. For the emergence of the peduncle, the sleeping bud is minimally lubricated. To get the kids need to put pasta more, with a match head.
Do not use the paste for stimulation on weak plants that have been affected by diseases or pests. Young plants that are under two years of age and do not have 6 sheets are not ready for reproduction. The bud will develop, but the plant itself may die from overwork.
. Work with the paste should be in protective gloves. The composition should be applied point, not accidentally fall on the leaves or roots.