How to keep apples fresh for the winter - 6 techniques and 4 important conditions

Content

  • 1 fruit selection rules
  • 2 6 ways storage apples
  • 3 apple storage conditions
    • 3.1 Condition 1. Sorting apples
    • 3.2 Condition 2. Storage space
    • 3.3 Condition 3. Containers for storage
    • 3.4 Condition 4. Humidity and temperature
  • 4 views of the blanks
  • 5 Summary
To maintain the freshness of fruit is not difficult when you know how to do it.To maintain the freshness of fruit is not difficult when you know how to do it.

In a leap year, as a rule, a lot of apples. During the summer, all do not eat, but to throw a pity. I was wondering how to keep vegetables fresh at home. I found a perfect way, and everything that was possible to find out, I'll tell you.

fruit selection rules

Not always apples can be stored for a long time. The residence time of fruit in perfect condition depends on the type, conditions, and other factors.

Poor quality selection will result in damage to the whole production.Poor quality selection will result in damage to the whole production.

When choosing fruit for long term storage, pay attention to some things.

  1. The fruit must be healthy, without any external defects.
  2. Desirable in apple root (Residue of threads).
  3. The peel must be dense.

The duration of storage of different varieties:

Picture feature varieties
table_pic_att14934053832 Summer varieties, such as:
  • perry;
  • arcades;
  • Kitaika et al.

2-4 weeks stored at a temperature of 0 to 8 degrees Celsius.

table_pic_att14934053863 Autumn varieties, such as:
  • Antonovka;
  • Spartacus;
  • Bessemyanka et al.

Can hold up to two months at a temperature of from 0 to 8 degrees Celsius.

table_pic_att14934053894 Winter varieties, such as:
  • Rosemary;
  • grandmother;
  • Kalvil Snow et al.

Withstand 7-8 months at 5-6 degrees Celsius.

6 ways storage apples

There are different ways to store these fruits. Regardless of the chosen method, follow two simple rules:

  1. Fruits should not touch each other.
  2. Try to lay up fruit cuttingsThat the seeds did not germinate.

Do not wash the fruit before packing - water causes an acceleration of the process of decay.

Picture instruction
table_pic_att14934053935 Method 1. Using paper.
  1. Wrap each fruit in a paper or cloth.

Make the most dense wrapping that does not penetrate into the air.

  1. Lay out the convolution in the box in one layer.
table_pic_att14934054006 Method 2. Layering.

The essence of the method is to protect winter apples from contact with each other.

  1. pour suitable material on the bottom of the box (hay, sawdust and the like. d.).
  2. Then, lay the fruit so that they do not touch each other.
  3. Top coat material.

It is recommended to do no more than 2-3 layers in one box.

Examples of materials:

  • sand;
  • sawdust;
  • dry hay;
  • peel onions;
  • peat;
  • moss;
  • leaves.
table_pic_att14934054017 Method 3. Earthen pit.
  1. Prepare a hole depth of 60-70 cm.
  2. At the bottom lay the branches of juniper - they will protect the fruit from rodents.
  3. Pack the fruit in a tight package of approximately 5 kg.
  4. Put the bags in the hole and fill the earth.
table_pic_att14934054078 Method 4. The use of packages.
  1. Place the fruits of 3-4 kg in plastic bags and tie tightly.
  2. Make a few holes - for air penetration.
  3. Take out packets with apples in a room where the temperature between -1 and + 1 ° C.

In this form, the fruits can be stored on the balcony, pre-closing of the covers.

Method 5. UV protection.
  1. Using a UV lamp (FCB-60) to treat the fruit 1.5m about half an hour.
  2. Arrange apples in boxes and leave in a cool place.
table_pic_att14934054299 Method 6. wax processing.
  1. 100 g of propolis and 500 ml of 96% alcohol warm up to 50-70 degrees.
  2. Lower apples in the solution for a few seconds.
  3. Dry fruits.
  4. Keep in a cool place.

apple storage conditions

As long as fresh fruits contain only under certain conditions, the necessary fruit. And from you will not need special expenses, the only price - respect for the fruit.

Condition 1. Sorting apples

Before the winter to store apples in the cellar, they must be properly laid. Experienced gardeners are advised to pay special attention to sorting - this depends on the duration of storage:

  1. Different varieties of fruits are best kept in separate tarakh.
  2. It is recommended to sort the fruit by size.
  3. Sort fruit quality - those that put a softer nearer to eat them first.
In the photo - the correct stacking apples - promotes a more durable storage.In the photo - the correct stacking apples - promotes a more durable storage.

Condition 2. Storage space

Fruits apple really save as in the country, and in the apartment. You must use for this cool place, such as:

  • fridge;
  • balcony;
  • attic;
  • basement.

At the time of the cold apples, stored on the balcony, in the basement or attic it is recommended to cover, such as an old blanket.

Basements - an ideal environment for the storage of products.Basements - an ideal environment for the storage of products.

Condition 3. Containers for storage

Apples can be kept in almost any container. This can be either a cardboard box or wooden box or wicker basket.

The requirement for the same:

  • purity;
  • strength;
  • having openings for air ingress.

Carton or box in which to store other products, better sanitized before use.

Be prepared to provide containers that apples do not have time to deteriorate.Be prepared to provide containers that apples do not have time to deteriorate.

Condition 4. Humidity and temperature

To understand at what temperature to store apples, look for variety. For example, summer grade with finer peel require heat. The average temperature of the content of the fruits from -1 to +4 degrees. Acceptable humidity of 85-95%.

The perfectly matched conditions of storage, the fruits of apple trees will be kept longer.The perfectly matched conditions of storage, the fruits of apple trees will be kept longer.

views of the blanks

Apple processing and storage of their derivatives - is not easy. What to do with the results, and how to store the dried apples at home?

Ways big set pieces. I will describe the most popular:

Picture recommendations
table_pic_att14934054681 Soak.

This method is perfect for winter and autumn varieties:

  1. Apples lay on the bottom of the banks on the currant leaves.
  2. Pour brine (10 liters of water, 400 g of sugar and 2 tablespoons of salt).
table_pic_att14934054722 Drying.

No method is easier to dry than the fruits of apple trees. Suffice it to cut fruit slices and send in the sun or in the dryer.

What store dried apples? You can use any cotton bag.

Making mashed.
  1. Peeled apples (2 kg) simmer for about 10 minutes.
  2. Drain in a colander mass -Keep it over a bowl.
  3. In the mass, add 200 grams of sugar.
  4. Mixture was boiled for 5 minutes.
table_pic_att14934054793 Production jam.
  1. Peeled apples (2 kg) 10 min cook.
  2. Add the sugar (1.5 kg).
  3. Continue to cook for at least 15-20 minutes.

3 liters3 liters

apple marmalade.
  1. Peeled apples (1 kg) add water to just masked off.
  2. The remaining core and peel gather in a gauze bag and put it on the bottom - in them most pectin.
  3. Cook for 15-20 minutes.
  4. Add the sugar (800 g).
  5. Simmer another 10 minutes.
table_pic_att14934054885 Compote of apples.
  1. Apples cut into slices and place on the bottom of the jar.
  2. Boil in a saucepan, water (3 liters) and sugar (500 grams).
  3. Pour syrup apples and tighten the jar.
table_pic_att14934054926 Apple juice.

The simplest apple drink, which can be done by hand .:

  1. With the help of juicers squeeze the juice from the fruit.
  2. Add the sugar liquid in proportion tablespoon of sugar per liter of juice.
table_pic_att14934055057 Tincture from the apple fruit.
  1. 2.5 kg of apples cut into slices and lay on the bottom of the can.
  2. Pour 500 ml regia fruits and 8 L of water.
  3. Put the jar in a warm place for 14-16 days.
  4. Add 2 kg of sugar and again in a warm place for 10-12 days.
  5. Pour the liquid in the jars and send it stand in a cool place for a month.
table_pic_att14934055108 Freeze.
  1. Cut the fruit slices.
  2. Put in a bag and send it in the freezer.

Summary

How to store apples in the winter, you now know and be able to treat yourself to this fruit all year round. But how to select high quality fruits for storage, the expert said. His view of the video, you will learn in this article.

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