- 1 Correct assembly - the key to long-term storage
- 2 Preparation for storage
3 Storage: methods and techniques
- 3.1 Pack your right
- 3.2 temperature conditions
- 4 select the grade
- 5 One, two and it's in the bank!
- 6 Summing up
Without onion it is hard to imagine the average cook our vast country. Today I want to talk about how to keep the bow so that it maintains its quality.
Correct assembly - the key to long-term storage
Efficient storage of onions at home largely depends on the type and accuracy of the harvest. Dig the bulbs pitchforks, laid out in a well-ventilated area and leave for 10-12 days.
The next step involves post-harvest processing which includes separation of earth lumps and "otminku" leaves.
Storage onions in the winter at home also depends on the maturity of the bulbs. Maturation determine the appearance of the coating dry scales and drying of leaves.
Preparation for storage
Proper storage of onions for the winter at home begins with drying. ventilation air temperature used for processing large quantities of onion +25... + 30 ° C. In this humidity outer "coat" should be not more than + 14... 16%. The procedure was carried out for 3 days.
Bow-uterus, and sampling sevok further heated for 12 hours at +45 ° C.
If it is a small party, you can spend a little dry heated air within a week.
In industrial conditions bow not only dried, but also cooled. In the first phase the temperature is lowered to +18 ° C, in the second - to storage temperature. This requires meticulous care sevok.
Storage: methods and techniques
Pack your right
Depending on the volume of the harvest the onions can be stored in boxes, trays, containers, bags or in bulk:
|Storage type and photo||Instructions and recommendations|
This method for you, if you harvest, you feel onion king or ruler. Bow can pour a layer of 4 m, but it is necessary to provide active ventilation and temperature of not less than +28 ° C.
If you are planning to organize a storage in the basement, the organization will need mechanical ventilation type.
Suitable for storage of onion set. Filled boxes, trays mounted on each other, the height of such a "pyramid" may be up to 2 m.
An important advantage - packaging allows onion heads well ventilated.
Container size may reach up to 200 kg spaciousness filled with stacks of container set in height and 4 m.
Onions winter requires a special approach to storage - humidity and temperature must be constant, onion head do not like fluctuations of these two parameters.
Onions can be kept warm, cold and in a combined way.
- Cold. Optimum temperature... -3 0 ° C. The advantage of the method - minimum loss during storage.
- Warm. Suitable for the base period of storage. Optimum temperature - 18 +... + 22 ° C, humidity not higher than 70%.
- Combined. Warm method with temperature control to +22 ° C is used to cold-resistant. After bow was cooled and stored at room temperature continued... -3 0 ° C. Go back to the warm method to thaw.
select the grade
Before you store onions in the apartment, on the balcony or in the basement, think, and whether it is suitable your grades?
|Photo||description of the variety|
Small winter head
To harvest as long as possible remained intact, well-dried onion, with particular emphasis on roots and leaves.
It thrives at a temperature of -3 to -5 ° C.
Onion feathers collected in bunches and hung on a hook in a dark and dry place.
It can not boast high levels keeping quality, but well preserved in the dried form.
Inferior to the white and golden, but may remain for a few months in a dark room in a cardboard container.
So, I introduce you to the contenders for the title "Best Onion for storage":
|Photo||description of the variety|
|Palm belongs to the varieties "Almadon" and "Lighthouse":
|A step below grade:
All of the above varieties you planted his hands on the plot, they do not require special care, special climatic conditions and encouraging a rich harvest.
One, two and it's in the bank!
Are there any more interesting answers to the question of how to keep the onions for the winter? There is!
Preservation method will be relevant for those who do not have enough space, container or simply the desire to touch punctually onion head, selecting those that are "gone crazy":
We will need:
Now that you know how to store the onions and can select the appropriate method or recipe. I also still offer to view video in this article.
Tell us in the comments how you store the onions?
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