To create a comfortable room temperature using different types of heating systems, including the very popular scored floor heating powered by electricity. Such a system is compatible with a variety of floor coverings, including laminate, Linoleum, ceramic tile, and even carpet.
If your plan is to make the electric floor heating under the linoleum, it is quite feasible idea. And we'll show how to implement it in practice.
The content of the article:
- What good is an electric floor heating?
- What is needed for optimal performance?
Features installation of electric fields under the linoleum
- Necessary precautions
- Selection of the right materials
- Instructions for installation of the infrared floor
- Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
What good is an electric floor heating?
In cold weather, heat the room question becomes more urgent. Electric floor system can heat the room evenly and create the most favorable conditions for life.
The temperature at the floor and the ceiling at such heating has little difference, and the possibility of adjusting the temperature further enhances the possibility of using electric heating.
The advantages of the electric floor heating can surely include the fact that this system does not dry out the room air. moderate air humidity important especially for people with respiratory problems. During the activity in the room, as well as during sleep the airway will not dry up.
To adjust the temperature in the room, it is sufficient to set the timer for that period of time when you need to warm up the room
From an aesthetic point of view, the electric floor heating - is the best solution. He is invisible, and it is not necessary to mask to create a harmonious interior. Laying system is carried out under the floor, so it does not take up valuable space in the room.
Electrical floor heating can act as a primary source of heat in the winter months, and may be auxiliary.
Often, such a system is combined with the main central heating, which helps to warm up those rooms that require a more stable temperature: in the bathroom or baby
The benefits also include the fact that the electrical heating saves on the main source of heat about 25-30% of the standard cost. A complete safety for humans makes such a universal system.
What is needed for optimal performance?
In the first place, to make your floor heating worked perfectly, need uninterrupted electricity. If your locality often power outages, while the additional equipment required for electric heating.
Installation and purchase of back-up power supply system would entail additional costs. It is also necessary to upgrade the wiring to withstand constant load
It is necessary to pay special attention to the process of installation.
You can use one of the following:
- hire professionals who install electric floor heating system quickly and accurately;
- to understand the subject and take up the case on their own.
In the second case it is necessary to understand the specifics of working with every kind of flooring, from which it depends, as will be the installation of a floor heating system. In particular, the work of installing electric floor heating under linoleum must pass by certain rules.
Features installation of electric fields under the linoleum
Infrared electric floor heating - is the best option for linoleum of all types of floor heating. It does not require pouring cement screed, which is required for laying electric cables or water under the floor.
Ideal for linoleum infrared filmAs it is thin enough and will not be felt by the primary coating. In addition, the linoleum requires special thermoregulation to maintain its structure, which successfully provides infrared heat-insulated floor.
One m3 infrared floor generates power to 150 watts. These conditions will have no impact on the linoleum, as it is able to withstand heating to such limits. Large load can result in spoiling the appearance and functional properties of the coating
If linoleum exposed to high temperatures, it can:
- change color;
- become more flexible, which will lead to breakage;
- emit an unpleasant smell and noxious vapors;
Work with electricity is best left to professionals, because there will need to correct the calculation of the materials, and the work itself may be you can not afford. The remaining jobs require less training, so with it you can do it without any problems.
Before you go installing STP under linoleum, you need to remember the basic safety rules when working with electricity:
- installation starts only after disconnecting the power supply;
- test the system can not be, if you did not check the quality of the insulation of all the channels;
- infrared film can not superimpose on each other;
- temperature value should not exceed 30 degrees, so as not to overheat the coating.
Observing the rules listed, you can avoid accidents and damage to the system and linoleum.
It is important to remember that you will need for the installation of heat-reflective coating, which is laid under the linoleum. If the material is manufactured using aluminum foil, its use is strictly prohibited!
Selection of the right materials
To carry out the installation will require the necessary amount of infrared thermofilm, Insulation, temperature sensors, temperature controllers, wiring, a thermally reflective material, linoleum and other building materials.
Linoleum, which will be laid on top of the electric floor heating, must possess special characteristics. The main indicator is the thickness of the material.
Too thin linoleum can change its structure due to constant exposure to high Temperature, also such a material may be deformed due to floor irregularities and take ugly appearance. Denser coating show inferior thermal conductivity, but its structure does not change.
It is necessary to choose the optimal thickness of linoleum that can withstand the stresses of high temperature, the correct unevenness in the floor
Before attaching the linoleum must be for a little while just to spread it on the floor and turn the system on an electric floor heating. Then the material is warmed up, take a more natural form of violence, after which it can be secured.
Instructions for installation of the infrared floor
Infrared heating system is the best option for such a floor covering, linoleum.
The first step is to establish the boundaries of the installation, where the floor heating will be laid. Space for furniture and appliances should be deleted immediately. To make it less points, which will connect the wires, the film is laid over the entire length of the room.
Under the floor may extend electrical cables that should be at a distance of at least 5 cm from the infrared film. If it is a pipe or a fireplace - that at least 20 cm.
The next stage - the cutting of the film by heating bands. They are designed to ensure that the internal structure of an infrared system is not broken. When the film is cut into pieces, it is fixed terminals (they must be in place and the two-layer film of copper strips, for which current flows). Using a hammer or other improvised grommet inserted into the hole.
Further isolation cuts made contact infrared bands. By the tip of wire copper wire clamped and insulated with waterproof band. film elements are mounted parallel to each other, so that they in any case do not overlap.
Maximum load on the thermostat must not exceed the value of 3500 watts. Here it is necessary to consider not only the electric heating elements, but also other electric devices that are connected to the same network
There are times when the total system capacity exceeds the limit of 3500 watts. In this case, you will need to install separate electrical wiring cables with autonomous switch to remove a heavy load to the main wiring. It is important to use a magnetic contactor.
After the work is carried out with film packing material with a heat insulating layer. Such a material is attached on the tape. Top made laying the heating elements. They should be placed copper strips down.
It should avoid touching the two bands, as this would lead to overheating of the system in the place of contact. For fixing the heating elements often use a stapler or tape, less furniture nails. Such methods of fastening will guarantee that the band will not shift and fall on one another in the future.
Rules laying of heating elements:
- attached only to a transparent border;
- heating element must be spaced at least 0.5 cm from that portion, which forms the copper wiring;
- the main wiring should be carried out under the plinth;
- to lay the insulation in one level with the floor, it is necessary to make cutouts for thickened areas.
After the performed work steps necessary to verify the system in detail. First and foremost it is worth paying attention to the quality of the insulation of the wires and their attachment. Further it is necessary to exclude the possibility of a short circuit in the system, and if necessary, correct the problem.
Test system must be up to the moment when they completely eliminate the possibility of failure or malfunction of the floor heating elements
Further it is necessary to attach the temperature sensor to the thermostat. This procedure is carried out by means of an adhesive tape, and mounting is performed in a place where there is no heating. Then the thermostat is switched and wait a small amount of time to see if it is functioning properly. If done right, the hand can feel the heat comes through.
If the whole system is working properly, it is covered with a special material, which regulates the release of steam. Material is mounted on the tape. On top of stacked plywood or sheet Fibreboard. They are attached to the base with screws and perform floor leveling function.
Plywood must be positioned so that it fell on the fastening infrared transparent film and brushed copper gasket. Fasteners must be placed no closer than 0.5 cm from the isolated parts of the film, which passes electricity.
Depending on the base on which the stacked Heated floor, its installation technique can vary somewhat:
- Laying on a wooden floor.
- Installation on a concrete base.
Picking linoleum with optimal characteristics (moderately dense, elastic enough, which is not subject to deformation due to high temperature), it is necessary to lay it correctly, excluding variants uneven surface that can turn eventually.
Spread linoleum included a heating system, it is necessary to wait a few days so that he took the natural form. Initially, it is not necessary to fix
Further fastening performed using mastic or adhesive double-sided tape. Mastic in this case will be a priority, as the floor will be more uniform with her.
Linoleum must possess good thermal conductivity, thus to be very durable and resistant to fading. A good example of a multilayer linoleum protrudes from PVC which is not afraid of heat.
Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
Even more useful information about the different types of underfloor heating - in the videos below.
Useful materials for choice:
Nuances of the installation of the film type:
Electrical STP under linoleum possible to make your own hands, most importantly, take precautions and do the work in the correct sequence. Electrical work is best left to professionals, but the laying of the upper layers of the system, you can perform without assistance. Be patient, the necessary materials, and you will be in the comfort of spending the cold season, without depending on the overall heating system and other factors.
If you had to deal with an independent installation of underfloor heating under the linoleum, please share their experiences with our visitors. Perhaps you know the subtleties of installation about which we have not mentioned in this material? Leave your comments in relation to the block, which is located below the article.