Country toilets - simple designs, the main purpose of which the inhabitant is understandable without further ado. However, in pursuit of the improvement of the landscape picture, the summer residents abandon the classics of the genre. Ordinary frame birdhouses with enviable speed are replaced by designs in the form of a hut. They look more interesting, agree?
For lovers of country life, we offer the best blueprints for a country toilet such as a hut. We present several modifications, each of which is distinguished by originality, convenience and reasonableness of the solution. To help the skilled owners, the article provides instructions for assembling and installing important household objects.
The content of the article:
- Toilet device in the form of a hut
- How to build a cottage toilet hut?
House for installation of a dry closet
- Frame Assembly Instructions
- Housing trim and trim
- Simple cesspit design
- Drawings toilets type hut
- Conclusions and useful video on the topic
Toilet device in the form of a hut
The design of the hut, in the first place, is attractive with a simple and original form. Buildings in this design are usually used for the construction of utility cellars. Now, the fashion for the “huts” has come close to the country toilets.
Projects of triangular prisms with a double-sided roof are quickly gaining popularity in the community of household owners.
To replace the classic rectangular toilets, gardeners increasingly prefer to put simple, but rather original designs of a triangular and trapezoidal shape. The so-called toilets, huts installed and successfully serve the owners of many hacienda
One of the options, represented by a standard drawing of a country toilet of a series of tents, rises 2.5-3 meters in height and occupies an area of 1.2 (2.00) x 1.0 (1.5 m) along the base.
These dimensions are quite enough for a person of average height and the same average build for a comfortable stay inside the dacha room. Therefore, the owners of modern homesteads prefer to build a toilet-hut according to this drawing
Large financial costs are not expected. Exercise during the construction process is also small.
From materials usually required:
- wooden beam (50 x 50 mm);
- wooden beam (150 x 150 mm);
- floorboard grooved (140 x 20 mm);
- batten board and cladding (100 x 12 mm);
- roofing material;
- varnish, paint fasteners.
It is not necessary to be limited only to the use of these materials. Given the variety of products in the construction market, as well as applying the simplest drawings of a country toilet under a typical hut, there are great opportunities in terms of construction and design.
So, instead of the usual boards with no less success fit sheet plywood. Rack type crate will successfully replace solid flooring. And instead of a ruberoid, shingles will lie on the crate nicely. In general, there is room for extraordinary ideas.
Attached with pleasure hands of the builder create here such constructions of tents, which technically also play the role of toilets
Constructions of this type are becoming traditional. Their drawings are distributed everywhere and are applied in practice.
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House for the toilet, popularly referred to as "the hut" - the most simple and easy to build construction. This decision does not require any special skills from the contractor, and less time and construction materials are spent.
In fact, the toilet-hut is a gable roof with a steep slope. One of its two gables is supplied with a door and an air vent.
They build houses, huts for the hanging technology, i.e. establish two or three triangular trusses, connected horizontally by a batten bar. The huts are constructed both above the cesspool and above the solid wooden or slab concrete foundation. The second option is used to install dry closets
Constructive solutions toilets, huts great variety. There are variations with the construction of small walls and structurally more complex roofs
Simple and economical in construction
Construction of a gable roof
Erection of truss system
Fairy house as the development of the theme of the hut
How to build a cottage toilet hut?
Work is carried out with the help of a tool often used in the conditions of country farms.
To implement the idea from the drawing to the real country toilet-hut, the builder, in particular, needs:
- handsaw or electric jigsaw;
- plane, chisel, hammer, hatchet;
- construction meter, pencil simple.
Even before construction begins, it is recommended to determine the place of installation of the “need” in the backyard territory. Usually choose the part of the suburban area, where there are no plantings, water sources, buildings for eating.
It is reasonable to build a summer toilet hut on a high-altitude site, no closer than 10-12 meters from residential buildings. Convenient approaches should be provided for the construction in case of ashenisation services.
The construction is possible on the basis of a dry closet or as a project with a cesspool (septic tank). Consider both options.
House for installation of a dry closet
For country economy the best choice is a bio-toilet. Such a construction option will not only allow equipping the dacha residents with the much-needed construction, but also provide those who like to grow vegetables and fruits with good quality fertilizers. Device of a dry closet does not require significant physical strength.
Arranging a cottage toilet type hut, landowners often choose for themselves drawings of dry closets. This option is considered as the most rational for private plots.
The dry closet differs in the increased functionality - opens ways to production of fertilizers.
Frame Assembly Instructions
If possible, for the construction of the construction of the hut itself and directly the details of the dacha dry closet, it is recommended to use planed lumber.
In extreme cases, if the boards and bars have a rough surface, you need to process them with a plane. In practice, it is noticed that planed lumber is much less likely to be attacked by various kinds of insects.
The sequence of steps the builder:
- Along the perimeter of the base (1.2 x 1.0 m) make a small (100-150 mm) penetration into the ground.
- To fill the bottom of the burial with rubble (the height of the backfill is 50-70 mm), it is good to tamp.
- Cover the tamped surface with roofing paper (waterproofing).
- Pour a layer of sand (20-30 mm), evenly distribute on the surface.
- Put a second layer of roofing material with a certain margin on the perimeter borders.
- At the borders of the perimeter on top of the ruberoid lay a timber (150 x 150 mm).
After these works are completed, the foundation for the construction of a cottage for the dacha toilet is prepared. Next you need to collect the floor of the toilet from the grooved boards and fasten it along the edges with bars located along the perimeter. This can be done, for example, with the help of metal corners, cut to size.
The construction of a toilet hut usually begins with the construction of a common frame and floor assembly. Of course, another sequence of work production is not excluded.
The main task is to build a robust, solid construction, especially when a permanent building is being erected.
The next step is to assemble the frame of the cottage of the summer cottage, as indicated in the drawing. Take two bars 50 x 50 mm, set them vertically and perpendicular to the base. The lower ends of small bars are attached to the bars of the base, and their upper ends are combined with each other in sections and fastened together.
Thus, several truss elements are formed every 200 mm. The ridge part is additionally strengthened by the insertion of a bar missed from below. Also put reinforcing jumper between the rafters in different places on the short side, and on the long. The skeleton of the future suburban "need" is ready.
Housing trim and trim
Having completed the assembly of the frame of the hut, proceed to the assembly of the base of the dry closet. At the level of 350-400 mm from the floor, between the two rear rafters of the hut secure the jumper. Having indented 400-450 mm from it to the front part, the second jumper is attached at the same level.
Below the second jumper, at the floor level is placed the third jumper. These will be the beams of the base of the dry closet, which will lay the trim. Further, the upper lintels are reinforced with pillars and sheathed all voids with boards, cutting them to size. Make sections for toilet tank and under the storage of peat.
Equip them with lids (for toilet section + seat with hole). Roofing material is placed on the pitched roof of the hut. Make the door in the plane of the front wall. At this assembly can be considered complete.
Variants of the device of doors of a country toilet like hut. View from the outside as well as from the inside. The technology for assembling cloths is simple - a set of grooved boards fastened with a “Z” type slatted rail. Door hinges usually put invoices
This, approximately, seems to be the simplest construction of a toilet for a dacha, made according to the type of hut. It is small, somewhat uncomfortable due to the limited space inside. But at the same time it occupies a small part of the territory of the summer cottage, where every square meter is usually registered.
For better stability and reliability of the structure at the corners of the base of the timber (150 x 150), close to it, metal pipes are driven into the ground and the supporting part of the building is attached to them. Under the slopes of the roof arrange gutters for collecting and draining water. It is also advisable to put a blind area on the outer perimeter.
Simple cesspit design
By the same principle, a hut is constructed for the country toilet with a cesspool, but this design has its own nuances. The first nuance is seen cesspool construction. The second caveat - the drive must be made hermetic (norms SanPiN). The drawing in this case is also different, because in addition to the project of the hut, it also contains the project of the pit.
A common drawing of the classical scheme of a country toilet-hut, supplemented by a cesspool. The design is not particularly popular with summer residents, because its operation is associated with the problem of pumping and removal of feces
First of all, dig a hole under the tank. For the country economy is enough volume of 2-3 m3 (maximum 5 m3). The size of the width of the pit, as a rule, is equal to the size of the width of the structure of the hut. Bottom do with some bias back from the toilet.
The walls and bottom of the pit are waterproofed, laid out with bricks and plaster or pour concrete formwork around the perimeter. This ensures the tightness of the drive, which is important in most cases, the construction of such facilities.
Along with hermetic circuits, it is also practiced cesspit device with drainage functions in the field of open ground. To build cesspools according to such drawings is permissible, but only in places with low groundwater storage.
A simple example of a cesspool for the country toilet with drainage function. Such solutions provide an opportunity to engage less in pumping feces. But this wastewater scheme can become dangerous for the summer residents themselves.
However, the best option is still a hermetic system, so we are considering further construction of a directly isolated version.
The rear part (approximately 2/3) of the upper storage area is covered with a plate (metal, wood or concrete). The plate is equipped with a hatch through which feces are pumped out. The hatch, according to the standard drawing, is placed at the back wall of the building.
The rest of the upper area will be closed by the construction of the toilet-hut, which will be located above the cesspool. With this option, the construction of the floor of the toilet is laid and mounted on the formwork, as the main structure.
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Those who have the opportunity to move the toilet-hut as far as filling the pit, it is not necessary to construct an airtight container. in these cases, the pit is periodically sprinkled with peat, and when it is filled with 2/3, it is buried, planting fruit trees on top of it
To install the hut above the cesspool without pumping out the pit is covered with beams. Top lay logs and boardwalk, which is easy to dismantle, burn or move to a new place.
If the summer residents do not have the opportunity to periodically move the toilet to a new place, then they will arrange the vault in the form of an airtight concrete or brick pit.
In the case of a pumping pit, it is recommended that a separate pumping hole be made in the ceiling to avoid pumping the contents through the toilet seat.
Cesspool without pumping
Concreting overlapping pit with pumping
Plate above the pit with a hole for pumping
On the construction of the frame and the floor takes a few hours time. But with the cesspool will have to tinker.
If the shield with the hatch is made of metal, it is necessary to provide protection against corrosion. For this, metal surfaces are coated with paint; other protective coatings are used. The wooden product is required to be treated with antiseptic, impregnated with varnish, paint. In fact, the method of protection of the building structure must be applied to the entire structure as a whole.
The budget version of the composting pit can be constructed from old tires:
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Spent automobile tires are installed on top of each other and fastened together with polymer ties and silicone sealant
Four pillars are installed around the pit, which are reinforced concrete pillars, foam concrete blocks or bricks constructed of bricks. They are covered with roofing material, a grillage is being built on top.
In order that the part of the structure located close to the earth's surface does not rot from wetting during the flood period, it is treated with bitumen mastic.
The chair over the pit of tires is built using frame technology: first, a frame is erected from a bar, then sheathed
Step 1: Pit construction of old tires
Step 2: Construction of the grillage on the column foundation
Step 3: Impregnation of the grillage and related parts
Step 4: Construction of the toilet toilet
Much more expensive, more difficult, but certainly safer and safer from an environmental point of view is the device of the storage tank from the plastic container of factory production:
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For the development of the pit for the installation of plastic storage, choose a place that is convenient and accessible to the entrance of the vacuum trucks, but at least 5 m away from the house
In size, taking into account the indent of 0.5 m from the plastic container around the perimeter, they are digging a pit. Depth it should be 0.2-0.3 m more
The bottom of the pit is poured with a layer of sand 25–35 cm high, rammed and leveled into the horizon.
A sewer pipe is removed from the house-toilet or cottage building, because toilets do not put directly above the plastic storage
If the length of the sewer pipeline is more than 15 m or its route has turns, install viewing and turning wells to monitor the system and perform cleaning
The sewer pipe in a trench is laid with a slope in the direction of the plastic tank installed in the pit
A pit with a plastic tank is filled with a sand-concrete mixture, which, when absorbed by groundwater, turns into an artificial stone and does not allow the tank to “float” during the flood period.
Above the cumulative capacity, a concrete slab is poured into the formwork with a hole that must be left to carry out the pumping.
Stage 1: Site breakdown for excavation
Stage 2: Forming a pit for a plastic container
Stage 3: Sand bottom and tamping
Stage 4: Disposal of the sewer pipe from the toilet
Stage 5: Sewer Well
Step 6: Connect the sewer pipe to the storage tank
Stage 7: Filling the pit with sand concrete mixture
Stage 8: Concrete Floor Construction
Drawings toilets type hut
Summer residents practiced the construction of toilets, to some extent, resembling the construction of a hut. This is the so-called "hut on chicken legs" or "birdhouses."
Projects are copies of the mentioned buildings, covered with a sloping roof. Characteristic features of the drawings "birdhouses" marked by steep high roof slopes and low walls.
The predominant side of such a building - with the same dimensions with the “hut”, you can get more free space inside.
Externally, the structure looks no less attractive than a triangular prism. Often the walls of such country toilets are constructed of small-diameter logs - a frame is made
It turns out a beautiful building, successfully fits into the natural landscape of the summer cottage.
Related projects for the toilet hut. It is also quite original buildings from the series “hut on chicken legs” and “birdhouse”. Due to the addition of a triangular prism base in the shape of a truncated parallelepiped, the useful internal area increases
Drawings like country toilets have insignificant differences from the drawings of the hut-type toilets. Therefore, the technology of sanitary facilities is almost identical to the options described above.
You will only need to slightly increase the material base and supplement the set of construction tools. Often the projects of such buildings contain windows and vents, natural or forced ventilation.
An interesting and practical solution for the arrangement of the suburban area is a structure that includes toilet with shower. With the rules of design and implementation of the project will introduce our article recommended.
Conclusions and useful video on the topic
Informative video, telling about the important nuances of the construction process.
The presence of such construction as a toilet on the summer cottage makes the life of hacienda owners more comfortable. If we approach the construction of the structure, taking into account all the nuances of its application in the country, it is possible to construct a structure that is doubly useful.
Carefully thought out and drawn up drawings will help to make the “necessary” original design. After all, the country landscape is also a goal for a gardener's fantasy.
Tell us about how the toilet was built at your summer cottage, which option and which scheme was used in the construction. Leave posts and photos with the construction process in the block below. Ask questions, share information that will be useful to site visitors.