wiring installation..dHowever, it is necessary to place all the necessary plumbing fixtures, equip sockets for all appliances and create a comfortable and cozy atmosphere, and, as a rule, in a very small space. If bathroom renovation is foreseen, it is important to do all the work in the correct sequence and in a proper manner so that the result will delight all households. And for this it is better to immediately think about what should be the bathroom, and decide what kind of work will be required. So what are the steps in renovating a bathroom?
Stage One. Creating an
project First you need to decide on what result you expect , and how you see your bathroom after the renovation: there should be redevelopment, you need to completely change all the plumbing or just change the finish. For inspiration, you can view a lot of interesting options that are posted on the Internet, and take a few ideas from ready-made examples or copy some elements. A little imagination and inspiration, and you can create a unique design.
Once the purpose of the repair has been determined, you can proceed with the to measure the size of the room in order to calculate the amount of lining materials needed. At this stage, you can go to the hardware stores to get acquainted with the range and prices. After all this, you can take on drafting the future bathroom .It is necessary to take this issue as seriously as possible, and not just approximately in imagination, to imagine where what will be located. It is better to create as detailed and detailed a project as possible, which in the future will help to determine the sequence of work correctly and, as a result, will ensure maximum usability of this room. We should not dwell only on the sketch - it is better to present each wall of the room on a scale with the most accurate location of all communications and interior items, from everything from sockets and switches to the location of doors, lamps and plumbing fixtures. Even better, these places will also indicate the location of the electrical wiring, sewer and water pipes.
On the basis of the draft, it is already possible to start to calculate all the costs of repairing the , while not forgetting to include in the estimate an article with unforeseen expenses, which, as experience shows, will definitely have a place to be. Well, then you can proceed to the selection and purchase of all materials and equipment. At this stage it is also necessary to decide how all the work will be done: on their own or with the help of professionals. Even if you are able to cope with almost everything on your own, it is better to call a specialist for plumbing and electrical work, since these stages are considered the most difficult. It should be noted that when planning a repair in a bathroom, it is necessary to clearly define its temporary terms.
Stage Two. Preparatory work
When the bathroom project is fully ready, you can proceed directly to the action. But before you perform all the assigned work, you need to prepare the room so that nothing could interfere with the implementation of the plans. It will be much easier if we are talking about primary housing , and then you just need to clean everything from dirt and dust, and perhaps even a little level or correct the surface. In other cases, before repair work, it is necessary to perform removal of everything that will interfere with and needs to be replaced.
To begin with, it is necessary to remove all items of furniture, interior and decor from the bath, and only then proceed to dismantling works. This is the dirtiest, dustiest, and noisiest stage, which, unfortunately, cannot be avoided. It all starts with the dismantling and the removal of the entire old plumbing. At this stage, it is already possible and necessary to cut off the water supply and put the plugs on the sewer pipes. Next, you need to get rid of the elements of the old finish : first, the ceiling is cleaned from the old covering, then the walls, and the old pipelines are removed at the same time, and then they go to the floor. Experts advise to be sure to remove the old tile to reduce the risk of fungus after repair.
If panels were used for wall cladding, it is enough to unlock the locks and dismantle the frame. In the case of tiles, it will be a little more difficult: it needs to be broken off, but at the same time, take care not to damage the surface of the wall. In addition, will need to be thoroughly cleaned of the wall from glue, so that the new coating is well and firmly held.
When the ceiling and walls are cleaned, proceed to dismantle the flooring. To remove a tile it is necessary by the same principle, as from walls. But sometimes only such work may be small: if the old screed in poor condition or after installing a new floor the bathroom floor will be much higher than in the next room, then you will have to dismantle it. If raising a new floor somewhere around 1.5 cm does not cause inconvenience and discomfort for family members, and the old floor still holds very well, then a new floor can be performed directly on it.
Now you can dismantle the remaining piping and sewer pipes and remove the doors. In principle, after this, it is already possible to proceed to the repair work itself, but you can also do with the redevelopment of .If there is a need and desire to combine a bathroom with a toilet, or to expand the room at the expense of a storage room, then everything else adds the need to eliminate partitions. Such work can be performed only after obtaining the permission from the relevant authorities.
Stage Three. Repair
Now you can go directly to repair work. This is the most responsible and voluminous area of work, and the quality of repairs in the bathroom depends on an attentive approach to it.
Repair work in the bathroom begins with the installation of new pipes and, perhaps, even upgrading the water supply system. So, you first need to give the risers the desired configuration, then carry out the wiring to the water intake points, and if necessary and want to install a filter system and emergency shut-off valves.
Pipes are placed on the from the riser to the consumption points, and this is a shower or bath, sink, toilet, washing machine and water heater, if any, in a particular case. It is recommended to stir the hot water pipe above the cold pipe. In addition, it is better to use the collector connection system , to provide further comfort when using all plumbing items and equipment connected to the water supply. The collector system assumes that a separate pipe leads to each point, and this makes it possible to compensate for the difference in pressure. True, it is necessary to increase the cross-section of the supply pipe, but this is the only disadvantage of this approach.
The collector is a special device that helps distribute water to several pipes. It, as a rule, is installed on a pipe with cold water, but an option with its installation on a hot water pipe is not excluded. To understand how much more comfortable your bathroom with a collector will be, it is worth remembering only one case. Previously, water was supplied to all devices by just one pipe, and this way, by the way, is used now. If there is a washing machine in the bathroom that starts taking water just at the time of a shower, this is not very pleasant. And if a collector is installed, you will not feel any discomfort, as the water to the washer and the soul fits through different pipes.
This stage also includes the installation of an pressure regulator - a device that will prevent your pipes from rupture if the pressure in the system starts to rise. You can also optionally install filters for water purification, water meter or other necessary devices to increase comfort.
Water supply pipes, some advise to hide in the floor or walls: in this case, they will not take place and spoil the interior. But to do this is still undesirable, since in the event of an accident it will be very difficult for them to get close. A compromise option - to hide pipes in a box, but to provide hatches that will provide easy and quick access.
Sewage pipes must be located so that water flows quickly and unimpeded. The bias towards the sewer exit is obligatory, and the less knees and bends in the sewer pipe, the better the system will function.
Now proceed to the rough finish, to prepare all surfaces for laying decorative materials. The walls after dismantling the tiles may be slightly uneven, have pits, cracks, etc. To obtain a smooth surface, it is recommended to use plaster mixes intended for wet rooms. You can, of course, align the walls of the with moisture-resistant plasterboard sheets, but for this you will need to install a crate that will take several centimeters of space, and in a small bathroom this option is unacceptable. It is necessary to try to achieve a perfectly flat surface of the walls: often tiles are used for wall cladding, which has an ideal geometric shape, and all the irregularities of the original surface will eventually be very visible, and, moreover, can reduce the life of the cladding.
As for the floor, it also needs careful alignment. If the screed has not been dismantled, you can achieve optimal results by using a thin layer of self-leveling floor. Otherwise, you will need to make a cement-sand screed. In addition, you must not forget about the waterproofing layer, which will protect the building’s floors from destructive moisture, and in case of a leakage it will protect neighboring apartments. It is better to apply a layer of waterproofing not only on the floor, but also on walls up to about 20 cm.
If this is conceived by a design project, then can be equipped with underfloor heating. All works on its arrangement are also performed at this stage. Experts advise for bathrooms to equip an electric underfloor heating: in this case the cable is laid under the screed, but the entire system can only be turned on after the screed has completely dried, and this is at least 1 month. Otherwise a closure may occur. A warm floor system will make the bathroom as comfortable as possible, especially in winter, and even moisture and condensation can be eliminated. Warm floor should be laid only on open areas, so it is important to think in advance about the location of furniture, equipment and plumbing.
We all understand the specifics of a room such as a bathroom. Due to the fact that it constantly reigns high humidity, wiring requirements are particularly strict. The wiring in the old houses of the requires replacement first of all, because it cannot cope with the amount of equipment that is present in the modern bathroom, and this is a washing machine, water heater and other small devices. If we are talking about repairs in a new building, then this stage can be safely skipped.
It is better to place the cable in special plastic pipes, because in this case it will simply be replaced with a new one in the future. Given the increased humidity in the room, it is better to to lay wiring in strobes, which will be better for aesthetic reasons. It is important to note that for some electrical appliances you need to pull a separate cable from the shield, and this primarily concerns the washing machine.
If there are elements of the old wiring in the walls, they should be carefully insulated. Then proceed to the preparation of strobe, which will run the cable in the corrugated tube. The wire is laid strictly on vertical or horizontal lines, at a height of at least 15-20 cm from the floor. To know exactly how best to lay the wiring, of course, you need to again refer to the project, which gives information about finding all the lighting fixtures and outlets. By the way, switches are recommended to take out of the bathroom, and equip sockets as far as possible from water sources, and to use protected sockets with a lid.
It is worth noting the fact that today the most commonly used are copper wires , and earlier aluminum was the most popular. If there are wires of this type left in the apartment, then it is not recommended to directly connect them to copper wires - it is better to use adapters. And, of course, it is also impossible to do without grounding.
Finishing is recommended to start with ceiling , in order not to later stain the wall covering, although another sequence is not excluded. Among the most popular ceiling finishing options are mirror plates, stretch or suspended ceilings, the use of drywall and painting. It all depends on the idea and budget.
Under the , the suspended and tensile structures of the surface can be especially not prepared and not leveled, except in cases where the plaster is no longer available. Stretch ceilings are beautiful, aesthetic, they allow you to expand the space, they are not afraid of moisture, but as a result of condensation they can become a place for the development of mold.
Under the painting of , the ceiling needs to be leveled, plastered and puttied so that the surface looks perfect. The best option in this case is water dispersion paint, which is designed for rooms with high humidity. If neighbors suddenly flood you, traces will remain on such a ceiling, and the structure itself cannot protect it, but condensate will not accumulate on it.
The following is wall decoration , so as not to stain the floor. Most often, ceramic tiles are chosen for wall decoration, the merits of which in this case are undeniable. On the previously prepared walls put plaster and putty, primer, after drying which go to the installation of tiles. They use tile adhesive, and the installation starts from a prominent angle so that in the most conspicuous places the tile is solid, and cut pieces can be used behind cabinets and other objects. The seams between the tiles are filled with grout, which can be in the color of the tile or, conversely, to contrast with it. Tile options can be mass, you can combine different types with each other, use mirror inserts that can slightly expand a small bathroom.
In the same way, tiles are laid on the floor of the , but for the floor it is better to stop the choice on the maximum non-slip floor. Among the alternatives to tile - waterproof laminate, which will definitely be non-slip. Along with it, you can use liquid wallpaper as a wall covering.
Installation of sockets and switches
When finishing is ready, you can proceed to the installation of sockets and switches on the places prepared in advance. This stage also includes installation of some equipment, incl. water heater .It may be necessary not only for residents of private houses, but also for many inhabitants of apartment buildings, in which summer shutdowns of hot water are often practiced. To save space, you can choose not cumulative, but instantaneous water heater.
Also need to take care of ventilation .It can be an automatic fan that will monitor the level of humidity and temperature on its own, switching on and off by itself. If, however, you yourself will regulate its work, then a separate switch is provided for it, and it is not always convenient and justified to combine switching on the light and ventilation. At this stage, install sockets, switches, all the necessary lighting devices .
This is the stage for which repairs in the bathroom most often begin. The choice of plumbing is now impressive, so everyone will be able to choose what fits in size, appearance and functionality. An alternative to the usual cast-iron bath can be an acrylic version: these products are distinguished by a greater variety of forms and wider functionality. If there is not much space in the bathroom, then the choice is better to choose shower stall: you can find in the stores both the most simple and multifunctional models with hydromassage, sauna, etc. Design - for every taste and wallet.
The sink can also be chosen to be completely different: on a pedestal, with a pedestal, suspended or recessed. It remains only to choose a toilet and, if there is space, a bidet. Also at this stage, can be fitted with an heated towel rail, which will be both a source of heat and a place to dry clothes and towels. Ends with the installation of faucets and connecting to the water supply and sewage.
Installing the doors and decor
Now turn for a new door .It is installed at the finish of all work, so as not to accidentally scratch plumbing. The door should fit well in the design of the bathroom, delay sounds, be completely devoid of transparent elements.
At the end of all the work, all that is needed is to put all the necessary items of furniture, , hang a mirror, paintings, curtains, arrange flowers, hang towels, put accessories in places, which in the bathroom perform not only decoration, but also have a certain function.
Drawing up a design project for a bathroom and breaking down all the repair work into stages helps to better imagine all that needs to be done. Following a clear sequence, the risk of forgetting to do something is reduced, and the quality of the work carried out is improved. Moreover, the strict observance of the stages helps to meet the deadlines, so before starting repairs in the bathroom, it is better to spend some time thinking about the project and the sequence of work.